English Terms Ch. 2

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English Terms Ch. 2
2010-09-08 23:14:36
AP English JFK

Chapter 2 English Terms
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  1. Alliteration
    Repition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence.
  2. Allusion
    Brief refernce to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of art.
  3. Anaphora
    Repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of a successive phrases, clauses or lines.
  4. Antimetabole
    Repetition of words in reverse order.
  5. Antithesis
    Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balance or parallel construction.
  6. Archaic Diciton
    Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words.
  7. Asyndeton
    Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words.
  8. Cumulative Sentence
    Sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence and then build and adds on.
  9. Hortative Sentence
    Sentence that exhorts, advises, calls to action.
  10. Imperative Sentence
    Sentence used to command, enjoin, implore, or entreat.
  11. Inversion
    Inverted Order of words in a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order).
  12. Juxtapostion
    Placement of two things closely together to emphasize comparisons or contrasts.
  13. Metaphor
    Figure of speech that says one thing is another in order to explain by comparison.
  14. Metonymy
    Using a single feature to represent the whole.
  15. Oxymoron
    Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another.
  16. Parallelism
    Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses.
  17. Periodic Sentence
    Sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end.
  18. Personification
    Attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea.
  19. Rhetorical Question
    Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for rhetorical effect rather then fro the purpose of getting an answer.
  20. Zeugma
    Use of two different words in a grammatically similar way but producing different, often incongruous, meaning.