World Religion Final (bc)

Home > Preview

The flashcards below were created by user notgonnafail on FreezingBlue Flashcards.


  1. The belief in a god who is indifferent to creation is
    Deism
  2. In religion studies, the word myth means
    a story that is psychologically meaningful and may be historically true or not
  3. Sigmund Freud, when analyzing the origin of religion, emphasized
    the human need for psychological security
  4. The American thinker who argued that religion brought new vitality to people's lives was
    William James
  5. Literally, the word religion means
    connect again
  6. The study of the question of being is referred to as
    metaphysics
  7. The question of knowing what we know is referred to as
    epistemology
  8. The approach that especially makes use of reason to find answers to religious questions is
    Philosophy
  9. Hinduism and Buddhism generally believe in ________ revelation.
    intuitive
  10. Some religion such as Judaism and Christianity generally believe in ______ revelation.
    progressive
  11. One of the commonalities among most religion is
    characteristics emotional experiences
  12. Atheism has been tempered by culture and has emerged as a result of the
    Age of Enlightenment
  13. The study of religion is a fairly recent field and has emerged within the last
    200 years
  14. One of the main differences in Eastern and Western forms of revelation is that
    ultimate truth comes from within in Eastern though, whereas for the West it is from without
  15. Forms of meditation differ between Eastern and Western philosophies in that
    Western meditation is a filling of the mind, while in the East it is an emptying of the mind
  16. A Hindu social class, sanctioned by religion, is called a
    caste
  17. A sannyasin is a
    wandering holy man
  18. In Hinduism, dharma refers to
    one's social duty
  19. The goal of the ultimate liberation from egotism and from rebirth is called
    moksha
  20. The law of moral cause-and-effect is called the law of
    karma
  21. The deity of Vishnu incarnated on earth is
    Krishna
  22. Between 80-85% of all Hindus live in
    India
  23. Hinduism is heavily influenced by an ancient people called
    Harrappa people
  24. The oldest texts that the Hindus ascribe to are the
    Vedas
  25. Ultimate reality for Hindus exists within the divine presence uniting all things called
    Brahman
  26. One of the ways to reach Moksha in the life of Hindus is
    yoga
  27. For the Hindu idea of liberation comes from the reality that
    all karma is a curse
  28. The idea of the Trimurti closely resembles a later Western religious concept known as
    the Christian concept of the Trinity
  29. Although there are millions of gods in the Hindu tradition, most Hindus
    devote themselves to one or a few gods
  30. The difficulty behind fully grasping Hindu belief in its totality is because
    they are comprised of polytheists, henotheists, and pantheists
  31. The Buddha was first the man named
    Siddhartha Gautama
  32. The first of the noble truths that the Buddha taught was
    to live is to suffer
  33. One of the Noble Eightfold paths of Buddhism is
    right intention
  34. According to the Buddha, to end suffering you must
    end desire
  35. The Indian ruler responsible for expanding Buddhist teaching widely was
    Ashoka
  36. Buddhism focuses especially on
    attaining inner peace
  37. The older branch of Buddhism comprised of mostly monks is
    Theravada
  38. The "big vehicle" branch of Buddhism is known as
    Mahayana
  39. The suffering, dissatisfaction, and sorrow that life brings is called
    dukkha
  40. Having lived a protected life, Gautama was changed after
    The Four Passing Sights
  41. Although Buddha accepted reincarnation, he rejected the idea of a
    soul
  42. Without the reality of a soul, the substance that is being reincarnated is
    the mental images and experiences of many lfetimes
  43. The celebrated leader of the Tibetan Buddhism movement is
    the Dalai Lama
  44. A Bodhisattva is an enlightened being who
    has delayed final enlightenment to help others on earth find enlightenment
  45. Shunyata in Mahayana Buddhism is similar to Maya in Hinduism in that
    both see the visible world as an illusion and therefore not reality
  46. The destruction of the Second Temple changed the nature of the nature of the Hebrew Religion in that afterward
    the Jewish religion became focused on the written word
  47. Before 70 C.E., the reality of God's near presence has always been symbolically tied to
    the tabernacle, later the Temple
  48. The covenant - what God used to ratify his relationship with the people of Israel - means
    contract
  49. During the days of the Temple, a Jew was made acceptable before God with the institution of
    sacrifices
  50. The three categories of the Hebrew Bible are
    Torah, Prophets, and Writings
  51. The Jewish view of God can be expressed as
    a monopersonal monotheism
  52. The book the Jews comprised after they could no longer follow the Law of the sacrifices was
    the Talmud
  53. The period of "seeking out" after the Second Temple was destroyed leaving the Jews in search of a new center was
    the Midrash
  54. Judaism traces itself back to what legendary patriarch who is written about in the book of Genesis?
    Abraham
  55. The Shema, taken from Deuteronomy 6, recounts the central belief of Judaism that
    God is one
  56. The Talmud is
    a long work of commentary based on biblical principles
  57. It is believed that the destruction of the First Temple was a direct result of
    a breach of God's covenant with Israel because of their disobedience
  58. The event during WWII in which approximately six million Jews were annihilated in concentration camps was known as the
    Holocaust
  59. Many Jews by birth today are either agnostic or atheist largely because
    of the Jews' suffering throughout history and the irreconcilable problem of evil
  60. Many Jews by birth today are either agnostic or atheist largely because
    Judaism is more about ethnicity than religious adherence or belief
  61. Christianity builds its validity and central focus on the person of
    Jesus Christ
  62. Jesus claimed to forgive sins, causing Jews to be enraged because
    he made himself equal with God since only God can forgive sins
  63. Jesus said that all important religious laws could be summed up in the
    Great Commandments
  64. While it is believed that God is shrouded in mystery in the Old Testament, one of the purposes of Jesus's ministry was to
    make known who God is
  65. Literally, "gospel" means
    good news
  66. The rapid spread of Christianity following the life of Jesus was different from Judaism in that
    Christianity was a "go and tell" religion
  67. One of the figures that contributed to the vast spread of Christianity throughout the Mediterranean was
    John
  68. One of the factors of the spread of the early church was
    the method early Christians used to share the message of Jesus
  69. Christianity's uniqueness and difficulty behind the doctrine of the Trinity is
    how God can be a tri-personal God and yet still be one
  70. The books of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are what we call the
    Gospel accounts
  71. Apocalyptic literature found in the New Testament that also interprets like a dream is found in the book of
    Revelation
  72. The key figure of the Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century was
    Martin Luther
  73. The break between Medieval Catholicism and the Protestant Reformation was the Protestants
    belief in the centrality of the Scripture over the Church
  74. The voracity for the belief in Jesus as Lord and God among Christians is found in
    the belief in his resurrection from the dead
  75. The key distinctions from Orthodox Protestant Christianity from most other religions is that
    all of the above
  76. Literally, the word "Muslim" means a person who
    submits
  77. Islam particularly stresses
    oneness of God
  78. The sacred book of Islam, which gives the sermons of Muhammad, is called
    Qur'an
  79. Unlike Jesus and Buddha, what made Muhammad different than other spiritual figures before him was that he was
    a political force
  80. The title of Allah is
    the word for God in Arabic
  81. It is believed among Muslims that in regards to the Qur'an, Muhammad was responsible for
    placing the central focus on Allah being the only God
  82. The phrase "Five Pillars of Islam" refers to
    the essentials of Muslim beliefs
  83. The Shiite branch developed because
    of a disagreement over the line of succession from Muhammad
  84. The successor to Muhammad, for centuries a political as well as a religious figure was called
    Caliph
  85. A response to the changing western culture was the idea of theocracy instituting Sharia law in
    Saudi Arabia
  86. Muhammad and his followers escaped from Mecca to Yathrib (Medina). This event
    was the turning point, after which Muhammad gained success
  87. The confession, which makes one a convert into Islam is called the
    Shahada
  88. The difference today between most peaceful Muslims an the radical extremists is
    over the interpretation of Jihad (holy war) and who is the enemy
  89. The institution of Sharia law makes it difficult to implement in democracy because
    Sharia is itself a form of government
  90. The modern popular personality who came out to speak against the oppression Muslim women faced was
    Malala

Card Set Information

Author:
notgonnafail
ID:
335786
Filename:
World Religion Final (bc)
Updated:
2017-12-07 19:48:50
Tags:
final exam
Folders:

Description:
midterm review
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview