Family Systems Quiz 4

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  1. What is systematic desensitization?
    Deconditions anxiety through reciprocal inhibition by pairing responses incompatible with anxiety to previously anxiety-arousing stimuli
  2. According to Skinner, what is behavior regulated by?
    consequences
  3. Why is operant conditioning so effective with children?
    because parents have control of their rewards and punishment
  4. What does cognitive-behavioral therapy emphasize?
    the needs for attitude change to promote behavior modification
  5. According to Beck's cognitive mediation model, emotions and actions are mediated by what?
    specific cognitions
  6. What is the role of rational emotive therapists?
    • to help family members see how illogical beliefs serve as the foundations for their emotional distress
    • uses the ABC theory
  7. what is the basic premise of behaviorism?
    behavior is maintained by consequences
  8. what does the theory of social exchange emphasize?
    that people strive to maximize rewards and minimize costs in relationships
  9. What is the central tenant of the cognitive approach?
    that our interpretations of other people's behavior affects the way we respond to them?
  10. What are schema?
    core beliefs
  11. According to behavior exchange theory, what constitutes a good relationship?
    giving and getting are balanced, or a high ratio of benefits to costs
  12. How do behaviorists view symptoms?
    • as learned response
    • they look for specific responses that reinforce problem behavior
  13. which type of reinforcement is the most resistant to extinction?
    intermittent reinforcement
  14. What are three major determinants of marital unhappiness?
    • aversive control-crying
    • nagging
    • withdrawing
  15. according to cognitive behaviorists, when are the schemas that plague relationships learned?
    in the process of growing up
  16. what is the process of change in CBT?
    positive change occurs through altering dysfunctional thought patterns
  17. what are the goals of therapy for CBT?
    to extinguish undesired behavior and reinforce positive alternatives
  18. what is the basic premise of behavior therapy?
    behavior will change when the contingencies or reinforcement are altered 

    done through 

    • identifying behavior goals
    • learning theory techniques for achieving these goals
    • social reinforcers to facilitate the process
  19. what is the primary approach in behavior parent training?
    operant conditioning
  20. what are the 5 operant techniques used?
    • shaping
    • token economies
    • contingency contracting
    • contingency management 
    • time-outs
  21. what is the premack principle?
    high probability behavior is chosen to reinforce behavior with a low probability of occurrence
  22. what is the most widely used punishment for preadolescent children?
    time-outs
  23. what is the most ineffective way to change behavior?
    simply repeating commands
  24. what are the goals of cognitive behavioral assessment?
    • identify strengths and problems
    • place in the context of developmental stages
    • identify cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of family interaction that me be targeted for intervention
  25. what is necessary for cognitive interventions to be effective?
    specific cognitive distortions must be uncovered, and clients must learn to test their own assumptions
  26. Cognitive distortions:  arbitary inference
    conclusions are drawn in the absence of supporting evidence
  27. Cognitive distortions:  selective abstraction
    certain details are highlighted while other information is ignored
  28. Cognitive distortions:  overgeneralization
    isolated incidents are taken as general patterns
  29. Cognitive distortions:  magnification and minimization
    the significance of events in unrealistically magnified or diminished
  30. Cognitive distortions:  personalization
    events are arbitrarily interpreted in reference to oneself
  31. Cognitive distortions:  dichotomous thinking
    black or white thinking
  32. Cognitive distortions:  labeling and mislabeling
    behavior is attributed to undesirable personality traits
  33. Cognitive distortions:  mind reading
    knowing what others are thinking

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mdawg
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336006
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Family Systems Quiz 4
Updated:
2017-11-15 01:23:22
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Family Systems Quiz
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Family Systems Quiz 4
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