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What is systematic desensitization?
Deconditions anxiety through reciprocal inhibition by pairing responses incompatible with anxiety to previously anxiety-arousing stimuli
According to Skinner, what is behavior regulated by?
Why is operant conditioning so effective with children?
because parents have control of their rewards and punishment
What does cognitive-behavioral therapy emphasize?
the needs for attitude change to promote behavior modification
According to Beck's cognitive mediation model, emotions and actions are mediated by what?
What is the role of rational emotive therapists?
- to help family members see how illogical beliefs serve as the foundations for their emotional distress
- uses the ABC theory
what is the basic premise of behaviorism?
behavior is maintained by consequences
what does the theory of social exchange emphasize?
that people strive to maximize rewards and minimize costs in relationships
What is the central tenant of the cognitive approach?
that our interpretations of other people's behavior affects the way we respond to them?
What are schema?
According to behavior exchange theory, what constitutes a good relationship?
giving and getting are balanced, or a high ratio of benefits to costs
How do behaviorists view symptoms?
- as learned response
- they look for specific responses that reinforce problem behavior
which type of reinforcement is the most resistant to extinction?
What are three major determinants of marital unhappiness?
- aversive control-crying
according to cognitive behaviorists, when are the schemas that plague relationships learned?
in the process of growing up
what is the process of change in CBT?
positive change occurs through altering dysfunctional thought patterns
what are the goals of therapy for CBT?
to extinguish undesired behavior and reinforce positive alternatives
what is the basic premise of behavior therapy?
behavior will change when the contingencies or reinforcement are altered
- identifying behavior goals
- learning theory techniques for achieving these goals
- social reinforcers to facilitate the process
what is the primary approach in behavior parent training?
what are the 5 operant techniques used?
- token economies
- contingency contracting
- contingency management
what is the premack principle?
high probability behavior is chosen to reinforce behavior with a low probability of occurrence
what is the most widely used punishment for preadolescent children?
what is the most ineffective way to change behavior?
simply repeating commands
what are the goals of cognitive behavioral assessment?
- identify strengths and problems
- place in the context of developmental stages
- identify cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of family interaction that me be targeted for intervention
what is necessary for cognitive interventions to be effective?
specific cognitive distortions must be uncovered, and clients must learn to test their own assumptions
Cognitive distortions: arbitary inference
conclusions are drawn in the absence of supporting evidence
Cognitive distortions: selective abstraction
certain details are highlighted while other information is ignored
Cognitive distortions: overgeneralization
isolated incidents are taken as general patterns
Cognitive distortions: magnification and minimization
the significance of events in unrealistically magnified or diminished
Cognitive distortions: personalization
events are arbitrarily interpreted in reference to oneself
Cognitive distortions: dichotomous thinking
black or white thinking
Cognitive distortions: labeling and mislabeling
behavior is attributed to undesirable personality traits
Cognitive distortions: mind reading
knowing what others are thinking