Psych Test 1

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Author:
elmarsha
ID:
33603
Filename:
Psych Test 1
Updated:
2010-09-09 01:52:00
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Introduction
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Psych intro notes
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  1. Medical-psychobiologic
    theory
    • key concepts are related to an illness or defect.
    • Medical- illness is located in the brain. Does begin to reduce stigma.

    • Research into biologic transmission, biochemical and metabolic variables
    • Genetic risk
    • Dominance of the
    • psychiatrist/prescriber
    • Medication education
    • Symptom management
  2. Psychoanalytic theory
    • childhood experiences influence adulthood
    • Psychotherapy
    • (Advanced Practice)
    • Nurses have limited
    • role
  3. Cognitive-behavioral
    • focuses on here and now rather than the past.
    • What we do is because of a learned behavior
    • Goal is behavior change through conditioning
  4. Social-Interpersonal theory
    • General Systems Theory- recognizes the hirearchy and we try to
    • maintain balance
    • Goal is enhanced awareness and quality of interpersonal interactions.

    • Holistic approach
    • Therapeutic communication
    • Nurse-patient relationship
  5. Ethical dilemas in psychiatric care
    • Potential stigma ofpsychiatric diagnoses
    • Controlling individual freedom
    • Involuntary treatment
    • Restrictive treatment
    • interventions- everyone has the right to
    • the least restrictive care possible.
    • Client’s right to suicide
    • Client’s right to privacy
  6. Role of the nurse
    As provider

    Negligence

    Malpractice

    As Employee

    As Citizen

    õClient Advocate
  7. Cultural Competence includes:
    Self-awareness

    Learning

    Identifying healthcare issues
  8. Culturally based assessment of risk factors
    Ethnicity/race

    Diet

    Alcohol/drug use

    • Health and healing
    • practices

    • Religious or
    • spiritual beliefs

    Time orientation
  9. Factors that influence expectations can be:
    • Culture
    • Life experiences
    • Upbringing
    • Media
  10. Factors impacting mental health and illness:
    • Biologic
    • Social
    • Cultural
  11. Mental Disorder Characteristics
    • Distress
    • Disability
    • Risk

    It is other than what is culturally expected
  12. What does the DSM do?
    • Identify
    • Standardize
    • Categorize

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