Pharmacology Chapter 18 &19

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  1. Of the following, the only depolarizing agent is:
    cisatracurium.
    pancuronium.
    succinylcholine. 
    vecuronium.
    succinylcholine
  2. Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents can be reversed by administering

    cholinesterase inhibitors. 
    parasympatholytics.
    sympathomimetics.
    acetylcholine inhibitors.
    cholinesterase inhibitors.
  3. Skeletal muscle contraction occurs during

    repolarization.
    depolarization. 
    nonpolarization.
    electrolyte depletion.
    depolarization.
  4. Succinylcholine is metabolized to

    cholinesterase inhibitors.
    succinylmonocholine. 
    laudanosine.
    pseudocholinesterase.
    succinylmonocholine.
  5. Nondepolarizing agents are administered

    by inhalation.
    orally.
    topically.
    parenterally.
    parenterally.
  6. Succinylcholine is metabolized by

    cholinesterase inhibitors.
    succinylmonocholine.
    laudanosine.
    pseudocholinesterase.
    pseudocholinesterase.
  7. Succinylcholine would be given to

    assist with mechanical ventilation.
    intubate patients.
    reduce blood pressure.
    reduce intracranial pressure.
    intubate patients.
  8. Your patient has been give succinylcholine in an effort to facilitate endotracheal intubation. However, you are unable to place an endotracheal tube. You should

    administer neostigmine to reverse the paralysis and allow the patient to breathe spontaneously.
    manually ventilate the patient until succinylcholine wears off.
    administer a cholinesterase inhibitor other than neostigmine.
    immediately place the patient on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).
    manually ventilate the patient until succinylcholine wears off.
  9. . A nondepolarizing agent has a(n) __duration of action to a depolarizing agent.

    longer
    shorter
    equal
    longer
  10. The neurotransmitter released by all somatic motor nerves is

    epinephrine.
    acetylcholine. 
    norepinephrine.
    acetylcholinesterase.
    acetylcholine
  11. Maximal paralyzing effect of succinylcholine is reached in

    60 to 90 seconds.
    2 to 5 minutes.
    5 to 10 minutes.
    10 to 20 minutes.
    60 to 90 seconds.
  12. Benefits of neuromuscular paralysis in ventilator management include which of the following?
    Improved ventilation2. Better synchrony with the ventilator3. Reduced ventilator pressures4. Improved oxygenation5. Decreased intrathoracic pressure

    1 and 4 only
    3 and 5 only
    1, 2, 3, and 5 only
    1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
    1, 2, 3, 4, and 5
  13. You are taking care of an intubated trauma patient who must remain immobile. The patient has a medical history of end-stage renal failure and atrial fibrillation. What is the most appropriate neuromuscular blocking agent?

    Succinylcholine (Anectine)
    Pancuronium (Pavulon)
    Rocuronium (Zemuron)
    Cisatracurium (Nimbex)
    Rocuronium (Zemuron)
  14. Diuretics that produce their effect by inhibiting the reabsorption of chloride and sodium in the ascending limb of the loop of Henle are known as

    potassium-sparing.
    osmotic.
    loop. 
    thiazide.
    loop
  15. Approximately what percentage of cardiac output flows through the renal system per minute?
    10
    20 
    30
    40
    20
  16. The functional unit of the kidney is the

    loop of Henle.
    proximal tubule.
    glomerulus.
    nephron.
    Nephron
  17. Which of the following is the most selected osmotic diuretic agent?

    Urea
    Furosemide
    Chlorothiazide
    Mannitol
    mannitol
  18. Agents that block reabsorption of sodium in the distal tubule are

    osmotic diuretics.
    thiazide diuretics.
    potassium-sparing diuretics.  
    loop diuretics.
    potassium-sparing diuretics.
  19. __ is a common complication in the use of loop diuretics.

    Hypokalemia
    Volume overload
    Hyperlipidemia
    Hypoglycemia
    Hypokalemia

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Author:
lizardqueen
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336477
Filename:
Pharmacology Chapter 18 &19
Updated:
2017-12-04 21:08:26
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Skeletal muscle relaxants Diuretic Agents
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Pharmacology Study guide Chapter 18, 19
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