DMU female repro final

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DMU female repro final
2010-09-09 14:29:49

mid-term test Q&A
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  1. The ligament that occupies space between the layers of another ligament and occurs in front and below the fallopian tube is ________-
    round ligament
  2. Bending forward of the fundus and body of the uterus
  3. normal size of the menarchal uterus should measure
    8cm long X 4cm wide
  4. the superficial layer of glans and stroma of the endometrium is called the ____
    zona functionalis
  5. The structure that lies above the uteroovarian ligament, round ligament, and tuboovarian vessels is the ____
    fallopian tube
  6. The ovary produces two hormones. Estogen is secreted by ___, wheras progesterone is secreted by the ____
    follicles : corpus luteum
  7. The widest portion of the fallopian tube is the
  8. The left ovarian vein drains into the
    left renal vein
  9. The ovaries are supported laterally by the
    suspensory ligaments
  10. The endometrium demonstrates the "three-line" sign in the
    proliferative phase
  11. The retrouterine space is also known as
    posterior cul-de-sac
  12. A continuation of the broad ligament that provides support to the cervix is the
    cardinal ligament
  13. This refers to a horizontal plane through the longitudinal axis of the body to image structures from anterior to posterior
  14. The doppler measurement that uses peak-systole minus peak diastole divided by the mean over one cardiac cycle
    pulsatility index
  15. The difference between peak systolic and peak diastole
    S/D ratio
  16. a technique that uses a catheter inserted into the endometrial cavity with the insertion of saline or contrast media to fill the endometrial cavity to demonstrate abnomalities within the cavity or uterine tube
  17. To image the fundus of the uterus with endovaginal sonography, the transducer should be angled so the handle is
    closer to the bed
  18. With endovaginal sonography, for an anteverted uterus, the cervix is seen in the ____, whereas the fundus of the uterus is found in the ____
    right side of the screen, left side of the screen
  19. The thickness of the endometrium should be measured in the
    longitudinal plane
  20. Symmetric bilateral pelvic masses are likely
    pelvic muscles
  21. The middle layer of the uterus
  22. When handling glutaraldehyde, the sonographer is required to wear
  23. complications in delivery may occur with pregnancy if a fibroid is located
    near the cervix
  24. An acquired condition with obstruction of the cervical canal is most likely a result of
    cervical stenosis
  25. Leiomyoma location most likely to cause heavy irregular uterine bleeding
  26. most common cause of uterine calcification
  27. on ultrasound, the haracteristic appearance of a degenerating leiomyoma
  28. uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
    involves the myometrium
  29. endometrium should be measured from
    hyperechoic layer to hyperechoic layer
  30. endometrial hyperplasia develops from
    unopposed estrogen stimulation
  31. A 3-day postpartum woman conplains of intense pelvic pain. Sonographically, the uterus appears hypoechoic with an irregular endometrium. This most likely represents?
  32. % of women with postmenopausal bleeding have endometrial carcinoma
  33. A 28 year old woman presents with left lower quadrant pain. Her last menstrual period was 2 weeks ago. Sonographically, the uterine body displays a highly echogenic structure in the endometrial cavity. This most likely represents?
    an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD)
  34. irregular, acyclic bleeding
  35. Where might you find a Gartner's duct cyst
  36. A hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates ovulation and then induces utilization of the ruptured follicle to form the corpus luteum
  37. refers to a horizontal plane thru the longitudinal axis of the body to image structures anteriorly to posteriorly
  38. small vessels found along the periphery of the uterus
    arcuate vessels
  39. pain in association with menstruation
  40. wide bands of fibromuscular tissue arising from the lateral aspects of the cervix and inserting along the lateral pelvic floor; a continuation of the broad ligament that provides rigid support for the cervix; also call the transverse cervical ligaments
    cardinal ligament
  41. a condition that results from estrogen stimulation to the endometrium without the influence of progestin; frequent cause of bleeding (especially in postmenopausal women)
    endometrial hyperplasia
  42. a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the growth and maturation of graafian follicles in the ovary
  43. benign invasive growth of the myometrium that may cause heavy, painful menstrual bleeding
  44. a steroidal hormone produced by the corpus luteum that helps prepare and maintain the endometrium for the arrival and implantation of an embryo
  45. refers to a vertical plane thru the longitudinal axis of the body that divides it into two portions