Chapter4.txt

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Author:
rclark1
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33753
Filename:
Chapter4.txt
Updated:
2010-09-09 21:39:03
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muscles
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  1. MUSCLE FIBERS
    LONG, SLENDER CELLS THAT MAKE UP MUSCLES
  2. FASCIA
    THE SHEET OF FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT COVERS, SUPPORTS, AND SEPERATES MUSCLE OR GROUPS OF MUSCLES
  3. MYOFASCIAL
    PERTAINING TO THE MUSCLE TISSUE AND FASCIA
  4. TENDON
    NARROW BAND OF NONELASTIC, DENSE, FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO A BONE
  5. ACHILLES TENDON
    ATTACHES THE GASTROCNEMIUS MUSCLE (THE MAJOR PART OF THE CALF OF THE LEG) TO THE HEEL BONE
  6. APONEUROSIS
    A SHEETLIKE FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT RESEMBLES A FLATTENED TENDON THAT SERVES AS A FASCIA TO BIND MUSCLES TOGETHER OR AS A MEANS OF CONNECTING MUSCLE TO BONE
  7. THREE TYPES OF MUSCLE TISSUE
    SKELETAL, SMOOTH, AND MYOCARDINAL
  8. SKELETAL MUSCLES
    ARE ATTACHED TO THE BONES OF THE SKELETON AND MAKE BODY MOTIONS POSSIBLE
  9. VOLUNTARY MUSCLES
    WE HAVE CONSCOIUS CONTROL OVER THESE MUSCLES (SKELETAL MUSCLES ARE KNOWN AS THESE)
  10. STRIATED (STRIPED) MUSCLES
    UNDER A MICROSCOPE, THE DARK AND LIGHT BANDS IN THE MUSCLE FIBERS CREATE A STRIPED APPEARANCE (SKELETAL MUSCLES ARE KNOWN AS THIS)
  11. LOCATION OF SMOOTH MUSCLES
    LOCATED IN THE WALLS OF THE INTENAL ORGANS SUCH AS THE DIGESTIVE TRACK, BLOOD VESSELS, AND DUCTS LEADING FROM THE GLANDS
  12. FUNCTION OF SMOOTH MUSCLES
    MOVE AND CONTROL THE FLOW OF FLUIDS THROUGH THESE STRUCTURES
  13. INVOLUNTARY MUSCLES
    THEY ARE UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM AND ARE NOT UNDER VOLUNTARY CONTROL (SMOOTH MUSCLES ARE KNOWN AS THIS)
  14. UNSTRIATED MUSCLES
    THEY DO NOT HAVE DARK AND LIGHT BANDS THAT PRODUCE THE STRIPED APPEARANCE THAT IS SEEN IN STRIATED (SMOOTH MUSCLES ARE KNOWN AS THIS)
  15. VISCERAL MUSCLES
    ARE FOUND IN LARGE INTERNAL ORGANS (EXCEPT THE HEART) AND IN HOLLOW STRUCTURES SUCH AS THOSE OF THE DIGESTIVE AND URINARY SYSTEM
  16. VISCERAL
    RELATING TO THE INTERNAL ORGANS
  17. MYOCARDIAL MUSCLES
    LIKE STRIATED SKELETAL MUSCLE IN APPEARANCE, BUT IS SIMILAR TO SMOOTH MUSCLE IN THAT ITS ACTION IS INVOLUNTARY (FORM THE MUSCULAR WALLS OF THE HEART - ALSO KNOWN AS MYOCARDIUM OR CARDIAC MUSCLE)
  18. MUSCLE INNERVATION
    THE STIMULATION OF A MUSCLE BY AN IMPULSE TRANSMITTED BY A MOTOR NERVE
  19. NEUROMUSCULAR
    PERTAINING TO THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NERVE AND MUSCLE
  20. ANTAGONISTIC PAIRS
    ALL MUSCLES ARE ARRANGED THIS WAY
  21. ANTAGONISTIC
    WORKING IN OPPOSITION TO EACH OTHER
  22. CONTRACTION
    TIGHTENING OF A MUSCLE. AS MUSCLE CONTRACTS IT GETS SHORTER AND THICKER CAUSING THE BELLY (CENTER) OF THE MUSCLE TO ENLARGE.
  23. RELAXATION
    OCCURS WHEN A MUSCLE RETURNS TO ITS ORIGINAL FORM. AS THE MUSCLE RELAXES IT BECOMES LONGER AND THINNER AND THE BELLY IS NO LONGER ENLARGED.

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