NRN102drugs

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Author:
nursenewbie
ID:
33770
Filename:
NRN102drugs
Updated:
2010-09-10 21:20:23
Tags:
drugs nursing medication
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Description:
NRN102 Need to know drugs
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  1. Digoxin:
    What is it for:
    What does it do:
    Theraputic value
    Toxic value:
    Look out for:
    • Digoxin:
    • What is it for: makes heart stronger beating
    • What does it do: works with AV/SA nodes to slow rate of beats but increase strength
    • Theraputic value: .8-2.0
    • Toxic value: >2.5
    • Look out for: too low potatssium, bradicardia, keep patient away from antacids and laxitives
    • ANTIDOTE: digibind
  2. Heparin
    What is it for:
    What does it do:
    Theraputic value
    Toxic value:
    Look out for:
    • Heparin
    • What is it for:
    • What does it do:
    • Theraputic value
    • Toxic value:
    • Look out for:
  3. Statins
    What is it for:
    What does it do:
    Theraputic value
    Toxic value:
    Look out for:
    • Statins
    • What is it for: lowers colesterol
    • What does it do: inhibits HMG-Coa in liver
    • Theraputic value: not ested
    • Look out for: monitor cholesterol and liver enzyme levels, assess for muscle pain and weakness, monitor dig toxiity if used together
  4. Dobutamine
    What is it for:
    What does it do:
    Theraputic value
    Toxic value:
    Look out for:
    • Dobutamine
    • What is it for: strengthens heart contraction
    • What does it do strengthens heart contraction
    • Look out for: deminishing returns, brady cardia
  5. BETA BLOCKERS
    • -the olol class
    • decrease automaticity and condution through AV node, reduce HR. Slow tachy cardia.

    Watch for breathing problems for people with asthems, COPD, or other lung problems
  6. Calcium channel blockers
    What is it for:
    What does it do:
    Theraputic value
    Toxic value:
    Look out for:
    • -amils (verapamil, diltiazem)
    • What is it for: decrease AV node conduction
    • What does it do: slow HR
  7. ACE inhibitors
    What is it for:
    What does it do:
    Theraputic value
    Toxic value:
    Look out for:
    --prils
  8. Diuretics
    • Either potassium sparing (Aldactone) or patassium depleting (LASIX)
    • Watch for hypokalemia

    Both may cause orthostatic hypotension
  9. Name 2 broncho dialators and what do they do
    epinepherine and aminophylline

    They open bronchioles when inhaled
  10. What other drug class helps treat COPD and other lung problems?
    Corticosteroids
  11. Morphine:

    how is it used; why is it a double edged sword
    Morphine helps ease breathing, lower anxiety and pain

    May suppress respiration too much, causes constipation
  12. Alpha blockers
    -ozins

    Relaxes muscles and opens small blood vessels

    Lower BP and help with urine flow
  13. Dopamine
    What is it for: treats hypotension, poor perfusion, and low cardiac output

    • Must be diluted, Do NOT add DOPAMINE Injection to Sodium Bicarbonate or other alkaline
    • intravenous
    • solutions, since the drug is inactivated in alkaline solution.

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