Medical terms Ch.5 the short list

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VASUpharm14
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33771
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Medical terms Ch.5 the short list
Updated:
2010-09-09 23:00:22
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im too cool
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IBHS med terms CH. 5 short list (just the green boxes, and some other root words). i rather study this and practice on the extensive list :D
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  1. context: major body systems
    muscular system
    makes movement possible
  2. context: major body systems
    skeletal system
    provides protection, form, and shape for the body; stores minerals and forms some blood cells
  3. context: major body systems
    cardiovascular system
    delivers oxygen, nutrients, and vital substances throughout the body; transports cellular waste products to the lungs and kidneys for excretion
  4. context: major body systems
    lymphatic system
    helps maintain the internal fluid environment; produces some types of blood cells; regulates immunity
  5. context: major body systems
    respiratory system
    brings oxygen into the body and removes carbon dioxide and some water waste
  6. context: major body systems
    digestive system
    provides the body with water, nutrients, and mineral; removes solid wastes
  7. context: major body systems
    urinary system
    filters blood to remove wastes of cellular metabolism; maintains the electrolyte and fluid balance
  8. context: major body systems
    reproductive system
    facilitates procreation (producing offspring)
  9. context: major body systems
    integumentary system
    provides external covering for protection; regulates the body temperature and water content
  10. context: major body systems
    nervous system
    coordinates the reception of stimuli; transmits messages to stimulate movement
  11. context: major body systems
    endocrine system
    secretes hormones and helps regulate body activities
  12. context: directional terms
    anter/o
    • anterior
    • nearer to or toward the front; ventral
  13. context: directional terms
    poster/o
    • posterior
    • nearer to or toward the back; dorsal; situated behind
  14. context: directional terms
    ventr/o
    • ventral
    • belly side; same as anterior surface in human beings
  15. context: directional terms
    dors/o
    • dorsal
    • directed toward or situated on the back side; same as posterior surface in human beings
  16. context: directional terms
    medi/o
    • medial, median
    • middle or nearer the middle; the prefix mid- also means middle
  17. context: directional terms
    later/o
    • lateral
    • toward the side; denoting a position farther from the midline of the body or from a structure
  18. context: directional terms
    super/o
    • superior
    • uppermost or above
  19. context: directional terms
    infer/o
    • inferior
    • lowermost or below
  20. context: directional terms
    proxim/o
    • proximal
    • nearer the origin or point of attachment
  21. context: directional terms
    dist/o
    • distal
    • far or distant from the origin or point of attachment
  22. context: directional terms
    cephal/o
    • cephalad
    • toward the head
  23. context: directional terms
    caud/o
    • caudad
    • toward the tail or in an inferior direction in human beings
  24. context: body regions or structures
    abdomin/o
    abdomen
  25. context: body regions or structures
    acr/o
    extremities (arms and legs)
  26. context: body regions or structures
    blephar/o
    eyelid
  27. context: body regions or structures
    cyst/o
    cyst, bladder, sac
  28. context: body regions or structures
    dactyl/o
    digit (toes, fingers, or both)
  29. context: body regions or structures
    lapar/o
    abdominal wall
  30. context: body regions or structures
    omphal/o
    umbilicus (navel)
  31. context: body regions or structures
    onych/o
    nail
  32. context: body regions or structures
    pelv/i
    pelvis
  33. context: body regions or structures
    periton/o
    peritoneum
  34. context: body regions or structures
    som/a, somat/o
    body
  35. context: body regions or structures
    thorac/o
    chest (thorax)
  36. context: body fluids
    crin/o, -crine
    secrete
  37. context: body fluids
    dacry/o, lacrim/o
    tear, tearing, crying
  38. context: body fluids
    -emia
    condition of the blood
  39. context: body fluids
    hem/o, hemat/o
    blood
  40. context: body fluids
    hidr/o
    sweat or perspiration
  41. context: body fluids
    hydr/o
    water
  42. context: body fluids
    lymph/o
    lymph (sometimes refers to the lymphatics)
  43. context: body fluids
    muc/o
    mucus
  44. context: body fluids
    -poiesis
    production
  45. context: body fluids
    -poietin
    substance that causes production
  46. context: body fluids
    py/o
    pus
  47. context: body fluids
    sial/o
    saliva (sometimes refers to salivary glands)
  48. context: body fluids
    ur/o
    urine (sometimes refers to the urinary tract)
  49. Opposites!
    anter/o
    poster/o
  50. Opposites!
    ventr/o
    dors/o
  51. Opposites!
    proxim/o
    dist/o, tel/e
  52. Opposites!
    medial
    lateral
  53. Opposites!
    prone
    supine
  54. anaplasia
    a change in the structure and orientation of cells, characterized by a loss of differentiation and reversal to a more primitive form, characteristic of malignancy
  55. aplasia
    the lack of development of an organ or tissue
  56. dysplasia
    abnormal development of tissues or organs
  57. hypoplasia
    less severe than aplasia
  58. hyperplasia
    an abnormal increase in the number of normal cells in tissue
  59. hypertrophy
    an increase in the size of an organ cause by an increase in the size of the cells rather than the number of cells

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