Medical terms ch. 12

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VASUpharm14
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33775
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Medical terms ch. 12
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2010-09-09 23:46:21
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IBHS med terms ch. 12
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  1. context: integumentary system
    adip/o, lip/o
    fat
  2. context: integumentary system
    axill/o
    axilla (armpit)
  3. context: integumentary system
    bacter/i, bacteri/o
    bacteria
  4. context: integumentary system
    erythemat/o
    erythema or redness
  5. context: integumentary system
    follicul/o
    follicle
  6. context: integumentary system
    ichthy/o
    fish
  7. context: integumentary system
    kerat/o
    horny (sometimes cornea)
  8. context: integumentary system
    onych/o, ungu/o
    nail
  9. context: integumentary system
    pil/o, trich/o
    hair
  10. context: integumentary system
    seb/o
    sebum
  11. context: integumentary system
    seps/o
    infection
  12. context: integumentary system
    sept/o
    infection or septum
  13. context: integumentary system
    xer/o
    dry
  14. context: integumentary system
    -cidal
    killing
  15. context: integumentary system
    -static
    keeping stationary
  16. context: skin disorders
    abscess
    a cavity that contains pus caused by an infectious microorganism and surrounded by inflamed tissue
  17. context: skin disorders
    albinism
    • albin/o = white
    • -ism = condition
    • an absence of normal pigmentation, present at birth, cause by a defect in melanin precursors.
  18. context: skin disorders
    cellulitis
    an acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized most commonly by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling
  19. context: skin disorders
    contact dermatitis
    • skin rash resulting from exposure to an irritant or a sensitizing agent that brings about an allergic response
    • ex: poison ivy or allergic reaction to nickel in jewelry.
  20. context: skin disorders
    cyanosis
    • cyan/o = blue
    • -osis = condidtion
    • a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
  21. context: skin disorders
    dermatitis
    • dermat/o = skin
    • -itis = inflammation
    • an inflammatory condition of the skin
  22. context: skin disorders
    discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE)
    a chronic disorder, primarily of the skin, characterized by lesions that are covered with scales. The disorder was so named because of the reddish facial rash that appears in some patients, giving them wolflike appearance. Erythemat/o means erythema, a redness or inflammation of the skin or mucous membranes. Also called cutaneous lupus erythematosus
  23. context: skin disorders
    frostbite
    damage to skin, tissues, and blood vessels as a result of prolonged exposure to cold
  24. context: skin disorders
    furnuncle
    a localized skin infection originating in a gland or hair follicle and characterized by pain, redness, and swelling. aka boil
  25. context: skin disorders
    hypopigmentation
    unusual lack of skin color, but not complete absence of skin color as in albinism
  26. context: skin disorders
    ichthyosis
    • ichthy/o = fish
    • any of the several generalized skin disorders marked by skin that is dry and scaly, resembling fish skin
  27. context: skin disorders
    lipoma
    • lip/o = fat
    • -oma = tumor
    • a benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells
  28. context: skin disorders
    malignant melanoma
    • melan/o = black
    • -oma = tumor
    • any of a group of malignant tumors that originate in the skin and that are compose of melanocytes.
  29. context: skin disorders
    mycodermatitis
    • myc/o = fungus
    • inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus
  30. context: skin disorders
    necrosis
    • necr/o = dead
    • -osis = condition
    • death of the areas of damaged or diseased tissue or bone surrounded by healthy tissue
  31. context: skin disorders
    onychomycosis
    any fungal infection of the nails
  32. context: skin disorders
    pediculosis
    infestation by lice and named for a genus of sucking lice, Pediculus. There are head lice, body lice, and pubic lice
  33. context: skin disorders
    petechiae
    tiny purple or red spots appearing on the skin as a result of tiny hemorrhages within dermal or submucosal layers
  34. context: skin disorders
    psoriasis
    a common chronic skin disorder characterized by circumscribed red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales
  35. context: skin disorders
    scabies
    a contagious dermatitis cause by the itch mite that is transmitted by close contact
  36. context: skin disorders
    scleroderma
    • scler/o = hard
    • -derma = skin
    • chronic hardening and thickening of the skin
  37. context: skin disorders
    skin cancer
    any of several neoplasms of the skin; the most common and most curable malignancies
  38. context: skin disorders
    urticaria
    a skin eruption characterized by wheals of varying shapes and sizes with well-defined margins and pale centers. Its causes include drugs, foods, and insect bites. aka hives.
  39. context: skin disorders
    xerosis
    • xer/o = dry
    • a minor irritation of the skin characterized by excessive dryness, which can lead to scaling, thinning, and injury
  40. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    acne vulgaris
    a skin disease characterized by blackheads (the result of blocked hair follicles becoming infected with bacteria), whiteheads, and pus-filled lesions
  41. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    folliculitis
    inflammation of a hair follicle
  42. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    hidradenitis
    • hidr/o = sweat
    • aden/o = gland
    • -itis = inflammation
    • inflammation of a sweat gland cause by occlusion (closing off) of the pores with subsequent bacterial infection of the gland
  43. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    onychopathy
    any disease of the nails
  44. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    seborrhea
    • seb/o = sebum
    • -rrhea = discharge
    • excessive production of sebum
  45. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    seborrheic dermatitis
    an inflammatory condition of the skin that begins with the scalp but may involve other areas, particularly the eyebrows; commonly called dandruff
  46. context: disorders of accessory skin structures
    trichosis
    • trich/o = hair
    • -osis = condition
    • any abnormal condition of hair growth, including baldness or excessive hair growth in an unusual place
  47. antimicrobial
    medicine applied to broken skin to prevent infection
  48. antiperspirants
    compounds that act against or inhibit perspiration
  49. aspiration
    the act of withdrawing fluid from a cyst with a syringe
  50. biopsy
    the removal of a small piece of tissue for microscopic examination to confirm or establish a diagnosis
  51. cryosurgery
    use of subfreezing temperature to destroy tissue
  52. curettage
    scraping of material from a surface to remove abnormal tissue
  53. debridement
    removal or foreign material and dead or damaged tissue, especially from a wound
  54. dermabrasion
    a treatment for the removal of superficial scars on the skin by the use of revolving wire brushes or sandpaper.
  55. Opposites!
    macule (nonraised, discolored spot)
    papule (elevated lesion <1 cm in diameter)
  56. Opposites!
    vesicle (blisters <1 cm)
    bulla (blisters >1cm)
  57. Opposites!
    cyst (sac filled with fluid or semisolid material)
    nodule (solid lesion >1 cm wide and deep)

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