units of measure

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Author:
elboe
ID:
33825
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units of measure
Updated:
2010-09-10 11:23:42
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measurement MAT
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measurement MAT
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  1. ampere
    a measure of electrical current
  2. Avagadro's number (or constant)
    the number of elementary entities per mole of substance and it has the value 6.022×1023 per mole
  3. Avoirdupois
    • Weight scale based on a pound = 16 oz.
    • Opposite is Troy
  4. Baker's dozen
    13
  5. Barrel
    • liquid measure that equals
    • 31.5 gallons (US)
    • 1/2 a hogshead
    • 1/4 a butt
  6. Beaufort
    Scale that measures wind speed & hurricanes
  7. Bit
    Smallest unit of information used in computer engineering; equal to 1/8 of a byte
  8. Bolt
    A large roll of cloth
  9. Bucket
    • Dry measure that equals:
    • 2 pecks
    • or 16 quarts
  10. Bushel
    • Dry measure that equals:
    • 2 buckets
    • or 4 pecks
  11. Butt
    • Liquid measure that equals:
    • 2 hogsheads or
    • 4 barrels or
    • 126 gallons US
  12. Byte
    A unit of information used in computer engineering; equal to 8 bits.
  13. Caliber
    diameter of a bullet or shell
  14. Carat
    jewler's measure of weight (diamonds) or purity (gold)
  15. Celsius
    Temp measurement, also called centegrade, where freezing = 0 and boiling = 100 degrees.
  16. Cord
    A quantity of logs measuring 128 cubic feet
  17. Cubit
    An ancient unit of length; = to about 18 inches
  18. Curie
    A unit of radioactivity
  19. Decibel
    A logarithmic measure used for measuring sound.
  20. Dram
    1/16th of an ounce.
  21. Elite
    Typewriter type that runs 12 characters to the inch.
  22. Fahrenheit
    Temp measurement, also called centegrade, where freezing = 32 and boiling = 212 degrees.
  23. Fathom
    A measurement of water depth = to 6 feet.
  24. Flagon
    A traditional unit of liquid measure = to one gallon.
  25. Furlong
    Unit of distance = to 220 yards or 1/8th mile.
  26. Gill
    Liquid measure; equals 4 ounces.
  27. Grain
    1/7000 of a pound.
  28. Hectare
    A unit of land measure = to 2.47 acres.
  29. Hertz
    A measure of frequency.
  30. Hogshead
    • liquid measure that equals
    • 63 gallons (US) or
    • 1/2 a butt
  31. Joule
    A quantity of energy
  32. Kelvin
    Temperature scale where 0 Kelvin is absolute zero, the point at which all motion ceases; H2O melts at 273 K (= 0° C = 32° F); H2O boils at 373 K (= 100° C = 212° F). Degrees = C + 273.
  33. Knot
    Measure of speed on the sea.
  34. League
    A unit of nautical distance = to 3 miles or 4.8 km.
  35. Ohm
    measure of electrical resistance.
  36. Peck
    • Dry measure that equals:
    • 8 quarts
    • or 4 1/4 bushel
  37. pH
    A scale that measures whether a substance is an acid or a base. It goes from 0-14: 0 is an acid, 14 is a base and 7 is neutral.
  38. Pica
    A a typographic unit of measure equal to 1/6th of an inch
  39. Quintal
    A unit of weight equal to 100 kg.
  40. Richter
    A logarithmic scale that mesaures tremors and earthquakes.
  41. rod
    16.5 feet or 5.5 yards
  42. Saffir-Simpson
    a classification used for some Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones (hurricanes) that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms
  43. Score
    A traditional unit of quantity equal to 20.
  44. Stone
    A unit of weight equal to 14 pounds or 6.4 kg.
  45. Troy
    • Weight scale based on a pound = 16 oz.
    • Opposite is Avoirdupois
  46. Volt
    A unit of electrical output.
  47. Watt
    A measurement of power.
  48. 640 acres =
    one square mile
  49. Explain hierarchy of dry and liquid measure.
    • Gallons are always divided into 4 quarts, which are further divided into 2 pints each. For larger volumes of dry commodities, there are 2 gallons in a peck and 4 pecks in a bushel.
    • Larger volumes of liquids were carried in barrels, hogsheads, or other containers whose size in gallons tended to vary with the commodity.
  50. ton - long and short
    • 2000 pounds US (short ton)
    • 2240 pounds UK (long ton)

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