study guide Sect 1

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jessica_carlson0708
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34048
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study guide Sect 1
Updated:
2010-09-11 14:57:05
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Study guide Sect
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The Journey begins-Into to Psy.
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  1. What are the four "goals" of psychology?
    • -Describe
    • -Explain
    • -Predict
    • -Control
  2. What is the debate that asks if we are born with certain traits or if we acquire traits through experience and our environment?
    Nature v.s Nurture debate
  3. What is knowledge that comes from experience?
    empiricism
  4. What is a general explanation of a set of observations or facts?
    Theory
  5. What is used to study a person in depth over an extended period of time?
    Case Study
  6. What is a sample in which everyone has the same and equal chance of being selected?
    Random Sample
  7. What is a sample that includes only important subgroups that are proportional to the larger population?
    Representative Sample
  8. What are some examples of the advantages of surveys?
    • -cost effective
    • -completed quickly
    • -can track attitudes/behavior over time
  9. What are some examples of the disadvantages of surveys?
    • -wording can be bias
    • -people may give false info
    • -sample issues
  10. Which number has a stronger correlation, -.89 or .35?
    -.89
  11. The number ______ from 0 has a higher correlation?
    farthest
  12. Two factors that rise/fall together is?
    positive correlation
  13. If one factor goes up and another factor goes down then what type of correlation is it?
    negative
  14. Are laboratory observations real or artificial?
    artificial
  15. What is the thing the researcher will change/manipulate to see if it has any effect?
    Independent Variable
  16. What is the thing the researcher will measure at the end of the experiment?
    Dependent Variable
  17. What group is exposed to the independent variable(treatment)?
    Experimental group
  18. What group is not exposed to the independent variable?
    Control group
  19. What is used when the experimenter/participants do not know who is in the experimental or control groups?
    Double blind technique
  20. Which perspective talks about your childhood?
    Psychodynamic
  21. Which perspective talks about your enviroment?
    Behavioral
  22. Which perspective talks about how you think about things or your mental process?
    Cognitive
  23. Which perspective talks about brains, neurons, and heredity?
    Bio-psychological
  24. Which perspective talks about free will and choosing your own destiny?
    Humanistic
  25. Which perspective talks about adapting for survival?
    Evolutionary
  26. Which perspective talks about people/groups and culture?
    Sociocultural
  27. How many perspectives do most psychologists have?
    one
  28. How many different perspectives are there?
    7
  29. What is introspection?
    looking withing yourself
  30. Who is the father of psychology?
    Wundt
  31. Who brought psychology into the united states?
    Tichener
  32. Who wrote the "principals of psychology"?
    William James
  33. Who is related to behaviorism?
    Watson
  34. Who said the whole is greater than the sum of its parts?
    Gestalt
  35. What is the phi phenomenon?
    when something appears to be in motion that isn't
  36. What is the main focus of psychoanalysis?
    the unconscious
  37. Who is related to psychoanalysis?
    Freud
  38. What does cognitive mean?
    thinking
  39. Who is related to the humanistic approach?
    Maslow
  40. Who is related to the hierarchy of needs?
    Maslow
  41. Who was Francis Cecil Sumner?
    • -Self-educated by parents/had no HS diploma
    • -father of African-American psychology
    • -first African-american to earn a Ph.d in psychology
    • -had famous student kenneth Clark
    • -Clark's research against prejudice and segregation was used in Brown v. Board of Ed. case

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