PSYCH

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abnrml101
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34049
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PSYCH
Updated:
2010-09-11 15:07:07
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PSYCH TEST
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PSYCH TEST 1
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  1. DEVELOPMENT
    SYSTEMATIC CHANGES IN AN IDIVIDUAL THAT OCCUR BETWEEN CONCEPTION AND DEATH
  2. 3 TYPES OF DEVELOPMENT
    • 1 PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
    • 2 COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
    • 3 PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
  3. GROWTH
    PHYSICAL CHANGES
  4. LIFE SPAN PERIODS
    • PRENATAL
    • INFANCY
    • PRESCHOOL
    • MIDDLE CHILDHOOD
    • ADOLESCENCE
    • EARLY ADULTHOOD
    • MIDDLE ADULTHOOD
    • LATE ADULTHOOD
  5. NATURE
    HEREDITY/BIOLOGICAL
  6. NURTURE
    ENVIROMENTAL/LEARNED
  7. BIOCOLOGICAL MODEL
    • MICROSYSTEM
    • MESOSYSTEM
    • EXOSYSTEM
    • MACROSYSTEM
  8. 3 GOALS OF STUDYING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
    • 1 DESCRIBE HUMAN BEHAVIOR
    • 2 EXPLAIN HUMAN BEHAVIOR
    • 3 OPTIMIZE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
  9. G. STANLEY HALL
    • 1ST PRESIDENT OF APA
    • FOUNDED DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCH
    • WROTE ADOLESCENCE
    • WROTE SENESCENCE
    • HE ONLY DESCRIBED DEVELOPMENT NOT EXPLAIN IT
  10. RANDOM SAMPLE
    EVERY MEMBER OF A POPULATION HAS AN EQUAL CHANCE OF BEING SELECTED
  11. STRATIFIED SAMPLE
    EQUAL PROPORTIONS OF SUB-GROUP ARE TAKEN TO REPRESENT THE WHOLE
  12. INDEPENDANT VARIABLE
    MANIPULATED BY THE EXPERIMENTER
  13. DEPENDANT VARIABLE
    OUTCOME OF THE EXPERIMENT
  14. EFFECTS THAT CAUSE BARRIER IN RESEARCH
    • AGE EFFECT GETTING OLDER
    • COHORT EFFECT BEING BORN IN A PARTICULAR ERA
    • TIME OF MEASUREMENT EFFECT EFFECT OF HISTORICAL EVENT
  15. CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDIES
    STUDIES DIFFERENT AGES AT ONE POINT IN TIME
  16. LONGITUDAL STUDIES
    STUDIES ONE PERSON AT SEVERAL POINTS IN THIER LIFE
  17. SEQUENTIAL DESIGNS
    COMBINES CROSS SECTIONAL AND LONGITUDAL
  18. NATURE VS NURTURE
    DEBATES WHEATHER DEVELOPMENT IS HEREDITARY OR ENVIRONMENTAL
  19. GOODNESS VS BADNESS
    ARE HUMANS BORN INNATLY GOOD OR BAD
  20. ACTIVITY VS PASSIVITY
    DO WE CONTRIBUTE TO OUR ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OR IS IT PREDETERMINED BY OUTSIDE FORCES
  21. CONTINUITY VS DISCONTINUITY
    IS DEVELOPMENT IN A CONSISTANT SLOW CONTINUOUS MANNER OR IS IT IN STAGES
  22. UNIVERSALITY VS CONTEXT SPECIFICITY
    HUMAN DEVELOPMENT UNIVERSAL OR CAN IT BE GENERALIZED
  23. SIGMUND FREUD
    • DEVELOPED PSYCHOANALITIC THEORY
    • BIOLOGICAL FORCES MOTIVATE BEHAVIOR
  24. FREUDS 3 PERSONALITY STRUCTORES
    • ID IMMEDIATE GRATIFICATION
    • SUPEREGO RATIONAL
    • EGO MEDIATOR
  25. DEFENSE MECHANISM
    COPING DEVICE THAT THE EGO USES TO DEAL WITH STRESS
  26. LIBIDO
    ENERGY OF THE SEXUAL INSTINCT
  27. REPRESSION
    UNCONCIOUS EJECTION OF THOUGHTS AND IDEAS
  28. PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT
    • 1 ORAL STAGE
    • 2 ANAL STAGE
    • 3 PHALLIC STAGE
    • 4 LATENCY STAGE
    • 5 GENITAL STAGE
  29. PSYCHOSOCIAL STAGES
    • TRUST VS MISTRUST
    • AUTONOMY VS SHAME
    • INITATIVE VS GUILT
    • INDUSTRY VS INFERIORITY
    • IDENTITY VS ROLE CONFUSION
    • INTIMACY VS ISOLATION
    • GENERATIVITY VS STAGNATION
    • INTEGRITY VS DESPAIR
  30. PAVLOV AND WATSONS LEARNING THEORY
    CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
  31. UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS
    DOG FOOD
  32. UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE
    DOG SALIVATING
  33. CONDITIONED STIMULUS
    BELL RINGING
  34. CONDITIONED RESPONSE
    DOG SALIVATES TO BELL
  35. BF SKINNERS LEARNING THEORY
    OPERANT CONDITIONING
  36. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT
    • INCREASES BEHAVIOR
    • ADMINISTER POSITIVE STIMULUS TO INCREASE TARGET BEHAVIOR
  37. NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
    • INCREASES BEHAVIOR
    • WITHDRAW A UNPLESENT STIMULUS TO INCREASE TARGET BEHAVIOR
  38. POSITIVE PUNISHMENT
    • DECREASE BEHAVIOR
    • ADMINISTER AN UNPLESENT STIMULUS TO DECREASE TARGET BEHAVIOR
  39. NEGATIVE PUNISHMENT
    • DECREASE BEHAVIOR
    • WITHDRAWING A PLESENT STIMULUS TO DECREASE TARGET BEHAVIOR
  40. ALBERT BANDURAS LEARNING THEORY
    OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING
  41. VICARIOUS REINFORCEMENT
    LEARNER CAN CHANGE BEHAVIORS BASED ON CONSEQUENCES OBSERVED TO THE MODEL
  42. HUMAN AGENCY
    WAYS HUMANS CAN EXERCISE CONTROLL OVER THEMSELVES THIER ENVIRONMENT AND THIER LIVES
  43. RECIPROCAL DETERMINISM
    BELIEF THAT A PERSON IS NOT SHAPED BY ENVIRONMENT BUT CAN CHANGE BUILD AND CHOOSE IT
  44. LEARNING THEORY WEAKNESSES
    • DOES NOT PROVE THAT LEARNING CAUSES DEVELOPMENTAL CHANGES
    • OVER-SIMPLIFIES DEVELOPMENT BY MINIMIZING BIOLOGICAL INFLUENCES AS WEEL AS EMOTIONS
  45. PIAGETS THEORY OF DEVELOPMENT
    COGNITIVE
  46. SENSORIMOTOR
    • BIRTH-2
    • USE SENSES TO EXPLORE THE WORLD
  47. PRE-OPORATIONAL
    • PRESCHOOLER
    • SYMBOLIC THOUGHT TO DEVELOP LANGUAGE
    • PRETEND PLAY
    • PROBLEM SOLVING
  48. CONCRETE OPORATIONAL
    • SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN
    • CONSERVATION
    • SOLVE CONCRETE PROBLEMS
  49. FORMAL OPERATIONAL
    • ADOLESCENCE
    • THINK ABSTRACTLY
  50. ETHOLOGY
    THE STUDY OF EVOLVED BEHAVIOR OF VARIOUS SPECIES IN THIER NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
  51. EPIGENESIS
    PROCESS OF NATURE AND NURTURE, GENES AND ENVIRONMENT,JOINTLY BRING FORTH DEVELOPMENTAL OUTCOMES
  52. 4 ASPECTS OF EPIGENESIS
    • ENVIRONMENT
    • BEHAVIOR
    • NEURAL ACTIVITY
    • GENETIC ACTIVITY
  53. STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS OF GOTTLIEBS EPIGENESIS
    COMPLEXITY MAKES IT A STRENGTH AND WEAKNESS
  54. DARWINS THEORY OF EVOLUTION
    NATURAL SELECTION-GENES THAT ARE SUCCESFULL TO SURVIVAL GET PASSED ON
  55. GENETIC CODE LABELING
    • NUCLEUS
    • CELL
    • CHROMOSOME
    • STRAND OF DNA
    • GENE
  56. MEIOSIS
    SPERM OR OVA SPLITS IN HALF
  57. MITOSIS
    CELL DIVISION
  58. GENOTYPE
    GENETIC MAKEUP A PERSON INHERITS
  59. PHENOTYPES
    EXPRESSED TRAITS OF A PERSON
  60. GENETIC INHERITANCE
    B b

    B BB Bb

    b Bb bb
  61. 4 TYPES OF CHROMOSOMAL ABNORMALITIES
    • DOWN SYNDROME 3 21ST CHROMOSOME
    • TURNER SYNDROME FEMALE WITH ONLY ONE X CHROMOSOME
    • KLEINFELTER SYNDROME MALE WITH AN EXTRA X CHROMOSOME
    • FRAGILE X SYNDROME ONE ARM OF X IS FALLING OFF
  62. 5 METHODS TO DETECT GENETIC ABNORMALITIES
    • ULTRASOUND
    • AMNEOCENTESIS
    • CHORIONIC VILLUS SAMPLE
    • PRE-IMPLANTATION GENETIC DIAGNOSIS
    • MATERNAL BLOOD SAMPLING
  63. GENETIC COUNSELING
    PROVIDES INFORMATION OF THE LIKLIHOOD NATURE AND EFFECTS OF A GENETIC DISORDER
  64. REGULATOR GENES
    TURN GENE PAIRS ON/OFF
  65. SEX LINKED CHARACTERISTICS
    • CHARACTERISTICS INFLUINCED BY 23RD PAIR
    • COLORBLINDNESS HEMOPHILLIA
  66. POLYGENIC TRAITS
    CHARACTERISTICS ARE INFLUINCED BY MULTIPLE GENES INTERACTING WITH THE ENVIRONMENT
  67. HERITABILITY
    MEASURE TO WHICH GENES ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE TRANSMISSION OF TRAITS
  68. 3 TYPES OF CORRELATION INTERACTIONS
    • PASSIVE INTERACTION-CREATE SOCIAL HOME ENVIRONMENT
    • EVOCATIVE INTERACTION-HAPPY BABY GETS MORE SOCIAL STIMULATION
    • ACTIVE INTERACTION-SHY CHILD SEEKS SOLITARY ACTIVITIES

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