Card Set Information
Quiz Note Chapters 7 thru 12
response to a human face at about 6 weeks and by laughter at about 3 or 4 months.
evident at about 6 months, usually triggered by frustration.
when an infant no longer smiles at any friendly face, and cries if an unfamiliar person moves too close, too quickly.
expressed in tears, dismay, or anger when a familiar caregiver leaves.
the infant's realization that his or her body, mind, and actions are separate from those of other people.
oral stage - according to Freud
the mouth is the young infant's primary source of gratification.
anal stage- according to Freud
the infant's main pleasure comes from the anus.
trust versus mistrust
Erickson's first psychosocial crisis. Infants learn basic trust if the world is a secure place where their basic needs are met. (food, comfort, attention)
Autonomy versus shame and doubt
Erickson's second crisis of psychosocial development. Toddlers either succeed or fail in gaining a sense of self-rule over their own actions and bodies.
Learning by observing others.
emotions and personality are molded as parents reinforce or punish the child's spontaneous behaviors.
thoughts and values determine a person's perspective.
a set of assumptions that became a frame of reference that can be called on later in life.
every human characteristic is strongly influenced by each person's unique genotype.