anatomy exam 1

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anatomy exam 1
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2010-09-12 23:03:53
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anatomy exam 1
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  1. trapezius
    • spinal accessory nerve
    • transverse cerivcal artery
  2. latissimus dorsi
    • thoracodorsal nerve
    • thoracodorsal artery
  3. levator scapulae
    • dorsal scapular nerve
    • dorsal scapular artery
  4. rhomboid major
    • dorsal scapular nerve
    • dorsal scapular artery
  5. rhomboid minor
    • dorsal scapular nerve
    • dorsal scapular artery
  6. deltoid
    • axillary nerve
    • posterior circumflex artery
    • (abducts arm)
  7. supraspinatus
    • suprascapular nerve
    • suprascapular artery
    • (abducts the arm)
  8. infraspinatus
    • suprascapular nerve
    • suprascapular artery
    • (laterally rotates the arm)
  9. teres minor
    • axillary nerve
    • circumflex scapular artery
    • (laterally rotates the arm)
  10. teres major
    • lower subscapular nerve
    • circumflex scapular artery
    • (adducts the arm)
  11. semispinalis capitis
    • dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves and greater occipital nerve
    • muscular branch of aorta
  12. splenius capitis
    • dorsal rami of cervical spinal nerves
    • muscular branch of aorta
  13. rectus capitis posterior minor
    • suboccipital nerve
    • (flexes head laterally)
  14. rectus capitis posterior major
    • suboccipital nerve
    • (rotates head laterally)
  15. obliquus capitis superior
    • suboccipital nerve
    • (rotates head laterally)
  16. obliquus capitis inferior
    • suboccipital nerve
    • (rotates atlas and skull)
  17. sternocleidomastoid
    • spinal accessory nerve or cranial nerve XI
    • (flex and rotate the head)
  18. serratus posterior superior
    • intercostal nerves
    • intercostal arteries
  19. serratus posterior inferior
    • intercostal nerves
    • intercostal arteries
  20. pectoralis major
    • medial and lateral pectoral nerves
    • pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial artery
  21. pectoralis minor
    • medial pectoral nerve
    • pectoral branch of the thoracoacromial trunk
  22. serratus anterior
    • long thoracic nerve
    • lateral thoracic artery
  23. subclavius
    • nerve to subclavius
    • clavicular branch of the thoracoacromial artery
  24. biceps brachii
    • musculocutaneous nerve
    • brachial artery
  25. brachialis
    • musculocutaneous nerve
    • brachial artery, radial recurrent artery
  26. coracobrachialis
    • musculocutaneous neve
    • brachial artery
  27. triceps brachii
    • radial nerve
    • profunda brachii
  28. anconeus
    • radial nerve
    • profunda brachii artery, interosseous recurrent artery
  29. pronator teres
    • median nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -median nerve passes between two heads at origin
    • (superficial layer of anterior region of forearm)
  30. flexor carpi radialis
    • median nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -flexes wrist, abducts the hand
    • (superficial layer of anterior region of forearm)
  31. palmaris longus
    • median nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -absent in about 13% of population
    • (superficial layer of anterior region of forearm)
  32. flexor carpi ulnaris
    • ulnar nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -ulnar nerve passes between two heads of origin
    • (superficial layer of anterior region of forearm)
  33. flexor digitorum superficialis
    • median nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -flexor or proximal interphalangeal joints, metacarpophalngeal joints, and the wrist joint
    • (intermediate layer of anterior region of forearm)
  34. flexor digitorum profundus
    • anterior interosseus nerve branch of median (radial half), ulnar nerve (ulnar half)
    • anterior interosseous artery (branch of ulnar artery)
    • -flexes the metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphlangeal joints
    • (deep layer of anterior region of forearm)
  35. flexor pollicis longus
    • anterior interosseous branch of the median nerve
    • anterior interosseous artery (branch of ulnar artery)
    • -flexes metacarpophalangeal and interphlangeal joints of the thumb
    • (deep layer of anterior region of forearm)
  36. pronator quadratus
    • median nerve
    • anterior interosseous artery (branch of ulnar artery)
    • (deep layer of anterior region of forearm)
  37. brachioradialis
    • radial nerve
    • radial recurrent artery
    • -primary action is elbow flexion
    • (superficial layer of posterior region of forearm)
  38. extensor carpi radialis longus
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • radial artery
    • -extension and abduction
    • (superficial layer of posterior region of forearm)
  39. extensor carpi radialis brevis
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • radial artery
    • -extension and abduction
    • (superficial layer of posterior region of forearm)
  40. extensor digitorum
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • anterior and posterior interosseous artery (branch of ulnar artery)
    • -extends metacarpophlangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints
    • (superficial layer of posterior region of forearm)
  41. anterior interosseous nerve
    branch of median nerve
  42. posterior interosseous nerve
    branch of the ulnar nerve
  43. extensor digiti minimi
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • interosseous recurrent artery (from posterior recurrent artery)
    • -extends metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints of the 5th digit
    • (superficial layer of posterior region of forearm)
  44. extensor carpi ulnaris
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -extends the wrist, adducts the hand
    • (superficial layer of posterior region of forearm)
  45. supinator
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • recurrent interosseous artery (from posterior interosseous artery)
    • (deep layer of posterior region of forearm)
  46. abductor pollicis longus
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • posterior interosseous artery
    • -abducts at carpometacarpal joint of thumb
    • (more lateral than extensor pollicis longus)
    • (deep layer of posterior region of forearm)
  47. extensor pollicis brevis
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • posterior interosseous artery
    • -extends at metacarpophalangeal
    • (deep layer of posterior region of forearm)
  48. extensor pollicis longus
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • posterior interosseous artery
    • -extends at interphalangeal
    • (deep layer of posterior region of forearm)
  49. extensor indicis
    • deep terminal branch of radial nerve
    • posterior interosseous membrane
    • -extends index finger at metacarpophalangeal, proximal interphalangeal, and distal interphalangeal joints
    • (deep layer of posterior region of forearm)
  50. abductor pollicis brevis
    • recurrent branch of median nerve
    • superficial palmar branch of radial artery
    • -abducts thumb
  51. flexor pollicis brevis
    • recurrent branch of median nerve
    • superficial palmar branch of the radial artery
    • -flexes the carpometacarpal and metacarpophalangeal joints of the thumb
  52. opponens pollicis
    • recurrent branch of median nerve
    • superficial palmar branch of the radial artery
    • -opposes the thumb
  53. adductor pollicis
    • ulnar nerve, deep branch
    • deep palmar arterial arch
    • -adducts the thumb
    • (not a thenar muscle)
  54. abductor digiti minimi
    • deep branch of the ulnar nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -abducts the 5th digit
  55. flexor digiti minimi brevis
    • deep branch of the ulnar nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -flexes the carpometacarpal and metacarpophalangeal joints of the 5th digit
  56. opponens digiti minimi
    • deep branch of the ulnar nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • opposes the 5th digit
  57. palmaris brevis
    • superficial branch of the ulnar nerve
    • ulnar artery
    • -draws skin of ulnar side of hand toward center of palm
  58. lumbricals
    • median nerve (radial 2) and ulnar nerve (ulnar 2)
    • superficial palmar arterial arch
    • -first two are unipennate, last two are bipennate
    • -flex metacarpophalangeal while extending proximal and distal interphalangeal joints
  59. dorsal interosseous
    • deep branch of ulnar nerve
    • dorsal and palmar metacarpal arteries
    • -abducts digits 2-4
    • (4 muscles between metacarpals)
  60. palmar interosseous
    • deep branch of ulnar nerve
    • palmar metacarpal artery
    • -adducts digits 2, 4, 5
    • - 3 muscles
  61. quadrangular space
    axillary nerve and posterior circumflex humeral artery leaves this space
  62. triangular space
    circumflex scapular artery leaves this space
  63. lateral antebrachial cutaneous is a branch of the...
    musculocutaneous nerve
  64. cervical curvature
    • convex anteriorly
    • from apex of odontoid process of C2 to middle of T2
  65. thoracic curvature
    • concave anteriorly
    • from the middle of T2 to the middle of T12
  66. lumbar curvature
    • convex anteriorly
    • from the middle of t12 to the sacral promontory
  67. sacral curvature
    • concave anteriorly
    • from the sacral promontory to the tip of the coccyx
  68. kyphosis
    increased posterior convexity in the thoracic region
  69. lordosis
    exaggerated anterior convexity of the lumbar region
  70. transverse foramen
    a hole through the transverse processes to transmit the vertebral artery and vein
  71. thoracic duct
    empties into the left subclavian vain (one of two main ducts)
  72. right lymphatic duct
    empties into the right subclavian vein (one of two main ducts...drains just the right side of the head and upper extremities)
  73. jugular trunk
    drains head and neck region
  74. subclavian trunk
    drains upper extremity
  75. bronchomediastinal trunk
    drains the thorax
  76. cisterna chyli
    • sac by abdomen that serves as a drainage center for the lymph in the abdomen
    • intestinal trunks and lumbar trunks empty into it. superiorly, drains into the thoracic duct
  77. iliac trunk
    drains the lower extremities and pelvis
  78. lumbar and thoracic vessels
    drains thoracic and abdominal walls, but not skin and superficial fascia of thorax or abdomen
  79. anastomosis
    one vessel opens into another
  80. collateral circulation
    circulation is maintained in small anastomosing vessels when the main vessel is obstructed
  81. portal system
    a venous system interrupted by a capillary bed
  82. thrombus
    intravascular clot that remains at its site of formation
  83. embolus
    clot or plug carried by the blood that lodges in a vessel
  84. diastole
    relaxation
  85. systole
    contraction
  86. edema
    large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body
  87. ischemia
    deficiency of blood
  88. aponeurosis
    flattened tendon
  89. raphe
    thin fibrous region between two flat muscles
  90. contracture
    permanent, pathologic shortening of a muscle when muscle is replaced by scare tissue
  91. How many ribs? True Ribs? False Ribs?
    12, 7 true, 5 false
  92. number of vertebrae and breakdown
    • 33
    • 7 cervical
    • 12 thoracic
    • 5 lumbar
    • 5 sacral
    • 4 coccygeal
  93. capitulum
    articulates with the head of the radius
  94. trochlea
    articulates with the ulna

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