Chapter 5 Digestive System Contintued 2

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Chapter 5 Digestive System Contintued 2
2010-09-12 12:16:11
Digestive System Continued

Digestive System Continued 2
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  1. jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia)
    yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes, and mucous membranes
  2. gallbladder
    pear shaped sac under the liver, which stores and concentrates the bile for later use
  3. Pancreas
    secretes the pancreatic juices that are released in the pancreatic duct
  4. pancreatic duct
    joins the common bile duct as it enters the duodenum
  5. duodenum
    receives a mixture of bile and pancreatic juices
  6. emulsification
    bile breaks apart a large fat of globules, creating more surface area so that the enzymes from the pancreas can digest the fats
  7. unconjugated bilirubin
    measured in lab rests as indirect bilirubin and is prehepatic, free bilirubin
  8. conjugated bilirubin
    measured as direct bilirubin and is a post hepatic bilirubin
  9. glucose
    simple sugar
  10. glycogen
  11. glycogenolysis
    the process when sugar level becomes dangerouly low, the liver changes stored glycogen back into glucose
  12. gluconeogenesis
    the process when the liver can change proteins and fats into glucose when the body needs sugar
  13. portal vein
    brings blood to the liver from the intestines
  14. pancreas
    endocrine & an exocrine organ; produces enzymes in order to digest starches such as amylase, fat like lipase, and proteins like protease (all done as an exocrine gland)
  15. pancreas continued
    secretes insulin (all done as an endocrine gland)
  16. insulin
    hormone that is needed to help relase sugar from the bloostream & acts as a carrier to bring glucose cells of the body to be used for energy