Orchestration Test 1
Card Set Information
Orchestration Test 1
Order of instruments on standard orchestral score.
flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, percussion, harp, strings
The four instrumental groups in the orchestral.
woodwinds, brass, percussion, strings
Names of open strings of instruments in string section.
violin - GDAE
viola - CGDA
cello - CGDA
bass - EADG
Ranges (practical or commonly used according to Kennan – these are the black notes in his range charts) of instruments in string section (using the convention middle C = C4.)
violin - G3-B6
viola - C3-C6
cello - C2-C5
bass - E1-A3
Clefs used by instruments in string section.
violin - treble
viola - alto, treble
cello - tenor, bass, treble
bass - bass
Transpositions used by instruments in string section.
Names of parts of string instruments and bows.
scroll, peg box, nut, neck, fingerboard, f hole, bridge, tailpiece, chin rest, endpoint, tip, frog
According to the author's examples, the most practical intervals used in quadruple stops.
The overtone series up to the 10th partial.
C2, C3, G3, C4, E4, G4, Bb4, C5, D5, E5
group of notes slurred together, on the string
each note is bowed separately, on the string
the bow begins and remains on the string, moving quickly and stopping abruptly at the end of each stroke
a series of notes taken with a separate push for each note in the same bow
two or more notes are taken in one bow, with separate pressure on each note
light bow stroke where the bow bounces off the string, taking one note to each bow
the bow picks up a series of short notes, similar to slurred staccato
the bow bounces on the string very rapidly with a down-bow stroke in such a way as to sound a group of repeated notes
successive down bows
creates a vigorous or savage effect
Successive up bows
delicate effect at softer dynamic levels
the bow is moved back and forth over the string as rapidly as possible, produces excitement or ethereal effect
definite number of repeated notes, the number being shown by the notation
one finger remains fixed on the lower of 2 notes while another finger alternately plays and releases the upper note very rapidly.
playing over the fingerboard, sound is softer and less resonant
at or near the bridge, sound is glassy and eerie in quality
with the back of the bow, striking the string with the wood or drawing the wood across the strings
bow hair flat against the strings while pressure is exerted, raspy tone
string is plucked so that it rebounds against the fingerboard
use the fingernail rather than the fingertip to pluck the string
string is plucked with a guitar pick
strings are stroked gently by the thumb or several fingers
plucking the string with 2 or more fingers alternately
use more vibrato than normal
return to usual method of performance
the finger slides along the string instead of stopping each note separately
same as glissando
tune one of the strings higher or lower than usual
sul A, D, etc
string that is to be used to play a natural harmonic
Natural harmonics (technique and notation – two ways.)
touch a string at a specified interval to create a harmonic, notated as either a note with a small circle over it OR a diamond-shaped note
Artificial harmonics (technique and notation.)
the string is pressed and touched at an interval of a 4th to create any harmonic note, notated as a note with a hollow diamond-shaped note at a 4th above
con sordina, avec sourdine
senza sordina, hotel la sourdine
at the bridge
sul ponticello, ser le chevalet
over the fingerboard
sul tasto, sur la touche
with the wood of the bow
con legno, ave le bis
at the point of the bow
at the frog
The fingerings and notes of 1st position for violin.
G/D string 0-3, 3-5, 4-6, 6-8
A/E string 0-3, 2-4, 4-6, 6-8