Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology
2010-09-12 21:03:44

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  1. ā
  2. A, B, AB, O
    blood types; may have subscript numbers
  3. ABCD
    asymmetry, border, color, diameter (description of skin cancer lesions)
  4. A2 or A2
    aortic valve closure (heart sound)
  5. AAL
    anterior axillary line
  6. AB/ab
  7. Ab
  8. abd
    abdomen, abduction
  9. ABGs
    arterial blood gases
  10. a.c.
    before meals (ante cibum)
  11. AC joint
    acromioclavicular joint
  12. ACE
    angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE inhibitors are used to treat hypertension)
  13. ACh
    acetylcholine (neurotransmitter)
  14. ACL
    anterior cruciate ligament (of knee)
  15. ACS
    acute coronary syndrome
  16. ACTH
    adrenocorticotropic hormone (secreted by the anterior pituitary gland)
  17. AD
    right ear (auris dextra); Alzheimer disease
  18. ADD
    attention deficit disorder
  19. add
  20. ADH
    antidiuretic hormone; vasopressin (secreted by the posterior pituitary gland)
  21. ADHD
    attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
  22. ADL
    activities of daily living
  23. ADT
    admission, discharge, transfer
  24. ad lib.
    as desired
  25. AF
    atrial fibrililation
  26. AFB
    acid-fast bacillus (bacilli); TB organism
  27. AFO
    ankle foot orthosis (device for stabilization)
  28. AFP
  29. Ag
  30. AHF
    antihemophiliac factor (coagulation factor XIII)
  31. AIDS
    acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  32. AIHA
    autoimmune hemolytic anemia
  33. AKA
    above-knee amputation
  34. alb
    albumin (protein)
  35. alk phos
    alkaline phosphatase (elevated in liver disease)
  36. ALL
    acute lymphocytic leukemia
  37. ALS
    amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease)
  38. ALT
    alanine aminotransferase (elevated in liver and heart disease); formerly SGPT
  39. a.m or AM
    in the morning or before noon
  40. AMA
    against medical advice; American Medical Association
  41. Amb
    ambulate, ambulatory (walking)
  42. AMD
    age-related macular degeneration
  43. AMI
    acute myocardial infarction
  44. AML
    acute myelocytic (myelogenous) leukemia
  45. ANA
    antinuclear antibody
  46. ANC
    absolute neutrophil count
  47. AP or A/P
  48. A&P
    auscultation and percussion
  49. APC
    acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin), phenacetin, and caffeine
  50. aq.
    water (aqua); aqueous
  51. ARDS
    adult respiratory distress syndrome
  52. AROM
    active range of motion
  53. AS
    left ear (auris sinistra); aortic stenosis
  54. ASA
    acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin)
  55. ASD
    atrial septal defect
  56. ASHD
    ateriosclerotic heart disease
  57. AST
    aspartate aminotransferase (elevated in liver and heart disease); formerly SGOT
  58. AU
    each ear, both ears (auris uterque)
  59. Au
  60. AV
    ateriovenous; atrioventricular
  61. AVM
    ateriovenous malformation
  62. AVR
    aortic valve replacement
  63. A&W
    alive and well
  64. Ba
  65. BAL
    bronchioalveolar lavage
  66. bands
    banded neutrophils
  67. baso
  68. BBB
    bundle branch block
  69. BC
    bone conduction
  70. B cells
    lymphocytes produced in bone marrow
  71. BE
    barium enema
  72. b.i.d.
    twice a day (bis in die)
  73. BKA
    below-knee amputation
  74. BM
    bowel movement
  75. BMR
    basal metabolic rate
  76. BMT
    bone marrow transplant
  77. BP or B/P
    blood pressure
  78. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (hypertrophy)
  79. BRBPR
    bright red blood per rectum; hematochezia
  80. BSE
    breast self-examination
  81. BSO
    bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
  82. BSP
    bromsulphalein (dye used in liver function test; its retention is indicative of liver damage or disease)
  83. BT
    bleeding time
  84. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  85. Bx, bx
  86. C
    Carbon, calorie
  87. oC
    Celsius, centigrade (temperature scale)
  88. C1, C2
    first, second cervical vertebra
  89. Ca
  90. CA
    cancer; carcinoma; cardiac arrest; chronological age
  91. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft (surgery)
  92. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  93. CAO
    chronic airway obstruction
  94. CAPD
    continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  95. cap
  96. Cath
    catheter; catheterization
  97. CAT
    computerized axial tomography
  98. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  99. CR
    complete response; cardiorespiratory
  100. CRF
    chronic renal failure
  101. C-section
    cesarean section
  102. C&S
    culture and sensitivity
  103. CSF
    cerebrospinal fluid; colony-stimulating factor
  104. C-spine
    cervical spine films
  105. ct.
  106. CTA
    clear to auscultation
  107. CTS
    carpal tunnel syndrome
  108. CT
    computed tomography ( x-ray images in a cross-sectional view)
  109. Cu
  110. CVA
    cerebrovascular accident; costoverterbral angle
  111. CVP
    central venous pressure
  112. CVS
    cardiovascular system; chorionic villus sampling
  113. c/w
    compare with; consistent with
  114. CX (CXR)
    chest x-ray
  115. Cx
  116. cysto
  117. D/C
    discontinue; discharge
  118. D&C
    dilatation (dilation) and curettage
  119. DCIS
    ductal carcinoma in situ