Medications and the GI System
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Dicyclomine HCl (Bentyl)
Suppresses peristalsis and decreases gastric emptying.
Slow peristalsis and segmental contractions, often resulting in constipation
Anticholinergic drugs, such as atropine or glycopyrrolate
Inhibit gastric acid secretion and depress GI motility
Produce diarrhea by disrupting the normal bacterial flora in the GI tract.
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
Causes gastrointestinal irritation that increases the incidence of bleeding with serious consequences to older adults
A prostaglandin inhibitor, it interferes with the formation and production of protective mucus and causes GI bleeding.
Histamine (h2) antagonists
Suppress the secretion of HCl and interferes with the digestion of some foods
Causes discoloration of the stool (black), nausea, vomiting, constipation, and abdominal cramps
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