Card Set Information
dr whittington parenting
Parenting Exam 1; Chapters 1-3
What is parenting?
an individual who fosters all facets of a child's growth-who nourishes, protects, guides new life through the course of development
Why do people become parents?
love, affection, stimulation
creative outlet, proof of maturity, and sense of achievement
proof of virtue and economic advantage
How is parenting a process?
parenting is a process that brings about an end result
it is a series of actions and interactions on the part of the parents to promote the development of children
According to law, what must parents provide?
childhood immunizations before 5
ongoing medical care
education between 5 and 18
accepted forms of discipline for behavior
education so children become law-abiding citizens
How do the child's needs influence the process of parenting?
social interactions and relationships
>> child's characteristics and individuality
parent's personal history and psychological resources
context of stresses and supports
In what ways are children important to parents?
children meet basic needs for closeness, sense of accomplishment, and maturity in life
parents grow as they undertake parenting
children maintain traditions
What is the role of parents?
to provide responsible caregiving
to bring different qualities such as sociability and self esteem
primary authority- meeting children's needs because parents are assumed to have their dependent children's best interests at heart
What do parents want from society?
financial help in terms of increasing tax exemptions
removal of sales tax on things necessary, like diapers
changes that would give them more time with families
extra time off, incentives to encourage flex-time schedules, paid maternity
laws increasing children's safety and well being
safety devices on guns, health care, kidnapping
positive messages that support parents' values
How does society affect the manner in which parents act?
What are the four major forms of family life in the last two centuries?
Extended farm family
Diverse family forms
Extended farm family
parents, children, and extended family
productive economic and social institution based on law and custom
parents and children
based on companionship and love
primary purpose is socializing children and meeting emotional needs
Diverse family forms
dual-career families, single-parent, stepfamilies
arose in 1970s
two ore more generations to sustain youth
What are the four areas of parental influence after the child is born?
providing an environment of protection as opposed to one of risk
providing experiences that lead to the development of maximum potential
serving as an advocate in the larger community
being an irreplaceable force in a child's life
What are protective factors? List some.
factors related to positive changes in intellectual and social-emotional function in children between 4-13
ex. general positive atmosphere of the family
teaching children to think and reflect and make decisions
children's feeling the world is predictable and your family has support
children's self esteem
What are risk factors. list some.
factors associated with poor outcomes for children:
: anxiety, lack of emo. stability, lower education
-negative family interactions
: rigid beliefs about growth, few positive interactions m-c
-minority group status, single parenthood
-stressful events, especially when occurred in large families
How does the social health of the country affect parenting?
ability to give financial aid
lack of health care
highest rate of infant mortality
How do family interactions affect parenting?
do parents agree with the way they were raised?
what part of those surveyed said parents had children before they were ready for the responsibility
what are the five areas that Ellison identified in which parenting abilities improve?
observation skills and sensitivity to others' behaviors
Is parenting determined by the way you were parented?
no, but it could.
children who are abused are at a higher risk of abusing their own kids
you can learn from your experiences
choose to keep rituals, traditions, etc
What does Siegel encourage parents to do?
live in present moment with children; focus on feelings and perceptions
look beyond child's external behaviors to understand internal ways the child thinks and feels
appreciate what parent and child are experiencing and then choose actions to meet basic needs
*How important are parents in lives of children?
early stimulation is crucial
most important, though not the only influence regarding development
genes exist only in an environment and from moment of conception, parents have largest role in providing or monitory quality of that environment
it may be there because of genes, but the parental environment shapes it.
-providing environment of protection
-providing experiences to lead to potential
-serving as an advocate in larger community
-being an irreplaceable force in a child's life
How can parents be advocates for children
take a stand for the sake of their development
seek instruction for your children
help them reach their best potential
structure practices/study groups/play groups
stress the importance of development
Should parents be required to have training for parenting?
yes, even though it is unrealistic
i think a simple parenting class before or directly after baby is born is good
to teach things that are sometimes overlooked
stress milestones, importance of stimulation, nutrition, etc.