Parenting-Exam 1

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Author:
awilli10
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34383
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Parenting-Exam 1
Updated:
2010-09-14 22:45:01
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dr whittington parenting
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Parenting Exam 1; Chapters 1-3
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  1. What is parenting?
    an individual who fosters all facets of a child's growth-who nourishes, protects, guides new life through the course of development
  2. Why do people become parents?
    • love, affection, stimulation
    • creative outlet, proof of maturity, and sense of achievement
    • proof of virtue and economic advantage
  3. How is parenting a process?
    • parenting is a process that brings about an end result
    • it is a series of actions and interactions on the part of the parents to promote the development of children
  4. According to law, what must parents provide?
    • childhood immunizations before 5
    • ongoing medical care
    • education between 5 and 18
    • accepted forms of discipline for behavior
    • education so children become law-abiding citizens
  5. How do the child's needs influence the process of parenting?
    • social interactions and relationships
    • work responsibilities
    • >> child's characteristics and individuality
    • parent's personal history and psychological resources
    • context of stresses and supports
  6. In what ways are children important to parents?
    • children meet basic needs for closeness, sense of accomplishment, and maturity in life
    • parents grow as they undertake parenting
    • children maintain traditions
  7. What is the role of parents?
    • to provide responsible caregiving
    • to bring different qualities such as sociability and self esteem
    • problem-solving skills
    • primary authority- meeting children's needs because parents are assumed to have their dependent children's best interests at heart
  8. What do parents want from society?
    • financial help in terms of increasing tax exemptions
    • removal of sales tax on things necessary, like diapers
    • changes that would give them more time with families
    • extra time off, incentives to encourage flex-time schedules, paid maternity
    • laws increasing children's safety and well being
    • safety devices on guns, health care, kidnapping
    • positive messages that support parents' values
  9. How does society affect the manner in which parents act?
    • social expectations
    • disciplining methods
  10. What are the four major forms of family life in the last two centuries?
    • Extended farm family
    • Nuclear family
    • Diverse family forms
    • Multigenerational families
  11. Extended farm family
    • parents, children, and extended family
    • productive economic and social institution based on law and custom
  12. Nuclear family
    • parents and children
    • based on companionship and love
    • primary purpose is socializing children and meeting emotional needs
    • until 1970s
  13. Diverse family forms
    • dual-career families, single-parent, stepfamilies
    • arose in 1970s
  14. Multigenerational families
    • two ore more generations to sustain youth
    • 1990s
  15. What are the four areas of parental influence after the child is born?
    • providing an environment of protection as opposed to one of risk
    • providing experiences that lead to the development of maximum potential
    • serving as an advocate in the larger community
    • being an irreplaceable force in a child's life
  16. What are protective factors? List some.
    • factors related to positive changes in intellectual and social-emotional function in children between 4-13
    • ex. general positive atmosphere of the family
    • teaching children to think and reflect and make decisions
    • children's feeling the world is predictable and your family has support
    • children's self esteem
    • >>children's characteristics
    • environmental characteristics
  17. What are risk factors. list some.
    • factors associated with poor outcomes for children:
    • -mother difficulties: anxiety, lack of emo. stability, lower education
    • -negative family interactions: rigid beliefs about growth, few positive interactions m-c
    • -minority group status, single parenthood
    • -stressful events, especially when occurred in large families
  18. How does the social health of the country affect parenting?
    • ability to give financial aid
    • lack of health care
    • highest rate of infant mortality
  19. How do family interactions affect parenting?
    • close family?
    • extended family?
    • do parents agree with the way they were raised?
    • mother/father disagreements
  20. what part of those surveyed said parents had children before they were ready for the responsibility
    2/3
  21. what are the five areas that Ellison identified in which parenting abilities improve?
    • observation skills and sensitivity to others' behaviors
    • efficiency
    • resiliency
    • motivation
    • social skills
  22. Is parenting determined by the way you were parented?
    • no, but it could.
    • children who are abused are at a higher risk of abusing their own kids
    • you can learn from your experiences
    • choose to keep rituals, traditions, etc
  23. What does Siegel encourage parents to do?
    • live in present moment with children; focus on feelings and perceptions
    • look beyond child's external behaviors to understand internal ways the child thinks and feels
    • appreciate what parent and child are experiencing and then choose actions to meet basic needs
  24. *How important are parents in lives of children?
    • early stimulation is crucial
    • most important, though not the only influence regarding development
    • genes exist only in an environment and from moment of conception, parents have largest role in providing or monitory quality of that environment
    • it may be there because of genes, but the parental environment shapes it.
    • -providing environment of protection
    • -providing experiences to lead to potential
    • -serving as an advocate in larger community
    • -being an irreplaceable force in a child's life
  25. How can parents be advocates for children
    • provide support
    • take a stand for the sake of their development
    • seek instruction for your children
    • help them reach their best potential
    • structure practices/study groups/play groups
    • stress the importance of development
  26. Should parents be required to have training for parenting?
    • yes, even though it is unrealistic
    • i think a simple parenting class before or directly after baby is born is good
    • to teach things that are sometimes overlooked
    • stress milestones, importance of stimulation, nutrition, etc.

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