World Music Ch 5-6
Card Set Information
World Music Ch 5-6
It gets gradually louder
It gets gradually softer
The range between the softest and loudest notes.
Character or quality of a musical tone or tones.
Music groups, whether vocal, instrumental, or a combination.
Series of overtones
Aboriginal Australian instrument.
Any sound-generating medium used to produce tones in the making of music.
The types of instruments (potentially including voices) and the number of each.
3 main categories of Western instrument classification system.
Strings, winds, and percussion.
Hornbostel-Sachs classification system
This system identifies four principal instrument categories, with numerous subdivisions for each.
4 classifications of Hornbostel-Sachs classification system
instruments in which the sound is activated by the vibration of a string or strings over a resonating chamber.
use the action of air passing through a tube or some other kind of resonator.
Instruments in which the vibration of a membrane stretched tightly across a frame resonator produces the sound.
Instruments in which the vibration of the body of the instrument itself produces the sound.
Allows for any existing sound to recorded, stored as digital data, and then reproduced either "verbatim" or in electronically manipulated form.
through the use of machines and computer-based multitrack sequencers, it is possible to layer dozens upon dozens of seperate musical tracks one atop the other in a recording studio.
Single line textures
the simplest type. Monophonic textures.
The texture of music that features just a single melodic line, but where that line is performed in varied versions at the same time
Textures in which there are two or more distinct parts.
One of the simplest types of polyphonic textures
Melody plus drone texture
The melody unfolds over a sustained, continuous tone, as in the Scottish bagpipe performance of "Amazing Grace"
When notes of differenct pitch occur together to form chords, or "harmonies."
Occurs in polyphonic music where two or more essentially separate melodic lines are performed simultaneously.
Term used to describe music in which there are several different parts or layers, with each defined mainly by its distinctive rhythmic character rather than by melodies or chords.
A short figure that is repeated over and over again is called ostinato.
two or more ostinatos are "stacked" one on top of the other.
similar to ostinato-based forms, but the repeated unit of the cycle is typically longer than that of an ostinato.
One of the most popular formal designs for songs in many cultures.