Lab 2 exam

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Author:
tonders
ID:
34479
Filename:
Lab 2 exam
Updated:
2010-09-13 13:31:33
Tags:
Nursing
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Description:
Cardio / GI/ GU / Reproductive
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  1. alveoli
    small air filled sacs / terminal end whre gas exchage takes place
  2. angle of louis
    sternum & 2nd rib meet
  3. bronchi
    2 large tubes split from trache to deliver air
  4. bronchiole
    narrowest air tubes terminate in alveoli
  5. dyspnea
    shortness of breath / difficulty breathing
  6. intercostal space
    space between ribs
  7. respiratory excursion
    movement of diaphragm & ribs
  8. sputum
    mucus / flegm from resp. tree
  9. xiphoid process
    tip of sternum
  10. aorta
    largest artery in body
  11. auricles
    flaps of atrium / upper chambers of heart
  12. ventricles
    bottom chambers of heart / the pumps
  13. base of the heart
    the top of the heart
  14. left ventricular hypertrophy
    athlersclerosis
  15. palpitation
    "butterfly in chest"
  16. precordium
    anterior surface of body over the heart
  17. adventitious sounds
    abnormal breath sounds
  18. jugular vein pulsation(distention)
    Right sided heart failure
  19. Carotid artery pulsation
    normal
  20. sternal angle
    angle of louis
  21. Broncial breath sounds
    • NORMAL
    • over trachea and bronchi
    • lound& corse
    • insp<exp
  22. bronchovesicular breath sound
    • NORMAL
    • 1&2nd intercostal space @ sternal border
    • posteriorly at T4 medial to scapula
    • insp = exp
  23. Vesicular
    • NORMAL
    • very periphrial
    • insp > exp
  24. Crackles
    • ADVENTITIOUS
    • dependent lobes (right/left lung bases)
    • random sudden reinflation of alveoli
    • fine/ high pitched / moist / course bubbly
  25. Ronchi
    • Trachea / Bronchi
    • muscular spasm / fluid/mucus in large airways
    • loud / low pitched / rumbling
    • Cleard with coughing
  26. Wheezes
    • all lung fields / bronchial
    • increased velocity of airflwo through severly narrowed/obstructed airways
    • high pitched / musical sound / continuous
  27. Pleural friction rub
    • pt sitting**
    • anterior lateral lung fields
    • inflamed pleura parietal rubbing visceral
    • dry rubbing / grating

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