Music Test Chapters 1-6
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What is Dynamics
The loudness or Softness of a Musical Passage
Give examples of Dynamics
PP= Pianisimo (soft)
P= Piano (soft)
MP= Metzo Piano (medium soft)
MF= Metzo Forte (medium loud)
F = Forte(Loud)
FF =Fortissimo (Very Loud)
Highness or lowness of sound
What is Simple Meter?
A mter in which te main beats are subdivided into two.
Examples of simple meters?
2/2, 3/4, 4/4
What is Duple Meter?
A meter consisting of one accented beat alternating with one unnacented beat.
Give an example of Duple Meter.
One Two, One Two
Definition of tempo?
speed of music
Set of seven pitches represented by the white notes of the piano within one octave.
Set of twelve pitches represented by all white and black notes within an octave.
Quality of Highness or lowness of a sound
interval between a pair of duplicating notes eight notes apart in the diatomic scale.
Example of non metrical music?
distance between notes
succesion of pitches
short fragment of melody used in constructing a long section of music.
basic subject matter of a piece of music, some examples include a short motive or a full tune
notes or chords that leave a feeling of conclusiveness
Intervals or chords that sound free of tension
Intervals or chords that sound relatively tense and unstable .
Definition of Texture and the different kinds?
Blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occuring simontaniously in a piece of music.
- - Monophony: single melodic line
- - Homophony: one melody plus chords or another subsidiary sound.
- - Polyphony: two or more melodic lines that are played or sung simutaneously.
Changing key within a piece
Three Stringed Instruments
Violin Viola Cello
Flute, Piccolo , Clarinet, Oboe, Basoon, English Horn, Saxophone
Trumnpet, French Horn, Tuba, Other Brass Instruments, trombone
Timpani, Triangle xylophone, Marimba, Vibraphone,
Harpsichord, Piano, Organ,
Large orchestral piece in several movements.
large group of instruments that play together during periods of western music.
Group consisted of two violins, a cello and a viola
Earliest genre of medieval polyphonic music
Main roman catholic service
Kinds of Roman Mass
- Gloria Credo
- Agnus Dei
When did the middle ages take place ?
Unaccompanied monophonic music without fixed rhythm or meter.
Plain chant It is called gregorian chant after the famous pope and church father Gregory I.
South of France
jongleurs found the the north of France
Jongleurs from Germany
Composers of Ars Nova Era?
Phillipe De Vitry, Guillame De Machaut, Goeffrey Chaucer
Modification and decoration of plain chant melodies.
Music without instrumental accompaniment.
Main secular vocal genre of the renaissance.
Christians list of beliefs, sanctus is similar but smaller
Simple prayer rounding up the mass
Who was Palestrina
Composer in Renaissance age that wrote in a new style that was more simple and thus "kept music on the catholic map"
Common Tempo Indicators?
Common Tempo Indicators ?
- Largo, Lento: Very Slow
- Larghetto: Somewhat faster than Largo
- Adagio: slow
- Andante: On the slow side but not too slow
- Andantino: Somewhat faster than andante
- Allegretto: On the fast side but not too fast
- Vivance, Vivo: Lively
- Allegro: Fast
- Molto Alleegro: Faster than Allegro
- Presto: Very Fast
- Prestissimo: Very Fast Indeed
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