Chapter 5 Terminology.txt

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crae
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34507
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Chapter 5 Terminology.txt
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2010-09-13 16:49:31
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Terminology
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Terminology
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  1. an/o
    anus
  2. perianal
    pertaining to surrounding the anus
  3. append/o & appendic/o
    appendix
  4. appendectomy
    removal of the appendix
  5. appendicitis
    inflammation of the appendix
  6. bucc/o
    cheek
  7. buccal mucosa
    mucous membrane lining the cheek
  8. cec/o
    cecum
  9. cecal
    pertaining to the 1st part of the large intestine
  10. celi/o
    belly/abdomen
  11. celiac
    pertaining to the abdomen
  12. cheil/o
    lip
  13. cheilosis
    abnormal condition of the lips
  14. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  15. cholecystectomy
    removal of a gallbladder
  16. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  17. choledochotomy
    incision of the common bile duct
  18. col/o
    colon/large intestine
  19. colostomy
    new opening of the colon to the outside of the body
  20. colon/o
    colon
  21. colonic
    pertaining to a colon
  22. colonoscopy
    process of visually examining the colon
  23. dent/i
    tooth
  24. dentibuccal
    pertaining to the cheek and teeh
  25. duoden/o
    duodenum
  26. duodenal
    pertaining to the duodenum
  27. enter/o
    intestines/usually small intestine
  28. enterocolitis
    inflammation of the small intestine and colon
  29. enteroenterostomy
    surgical creation of all artifical connection between two segments of the small intestine
  30. mesentery
    membrane that holds the intestine together; a fold of the peritoneum attaching the small intestine to the back body wall
  31. parenteral
    pertaining to by some route other than through the gastrointestinal tract as by intravenous injection
  32. esophag/o
    esophagus
  33. esophageal
    pertaining to the esopahgus
  34. faci/o
    face
  35. facial
    pertaining to the face
  36. gastr/o
    gastrostomy
  37. gastrostomy
    new opening of the stomach through the abdominal wall to the outside of the body
  38. gingiv/o
    gums
  39. gingivitis
    inflammation of the gums
  40. gloss/o
    tongue
  41. hypoglossal
    pertaining to the innter tonuge
  42. hepat/o
    liver
  43. hepatoma
    tumor of the liver
  44. hepatomegaly
    enlargement of the liver
  45. ile/o
    ileum
  46. ileocecal sphincter
    ring of muscles that are between the ileum and the cecum
  47. ileitis
    inflammation of the third part of the small intestine
  48. ileostomy
    surgical formation of an artificial opening from the ileum to the outside of the body through the abdominal wall
  49. jejun/o
    jejunum
  50. choledochojejunostomy
    surgical anastomosis between the common bile duct and jejunum
  51. gastrojejunostomy
    new surgical opening between the stomach and jejunum; an anastomosis
  52. labi/o
    lip
  53. labial
    pertaining to the lip
  54. lapar/o
    abdomen
  55. laparoscopy
    process of visually examining the abdomen
  56. lingu/o
    tongue
  57. sublingual
    pertaining to under the tongue
  58. mandibul/o
    lower jaw; mandible
  59. submandibular
    pertaining to under the lower jaw
  60. odont/o
    tooth
  61. orthodontist
    person who straightens teeth
  62. periodontist
    person who specializes in treating gums
  63. endodontist
    person who specializes in the inner parts of a tooth
  64. or/o
    mouth
  65. oral
    pertaining to the mouth
  66. palat/o
    palate
  67. palatoplasty
    surgical repair of the palate
  68. pancreat/o
    pancreas
  69. pancreatitis
    inflammation of the pacnreas
  70. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  71. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritoneum
  72. pharyng/o
    throat
  73. pharyngeal
    pertaining to the throat
  74. palatopharyngoplasty
    the surgical excision of the palate and throat tissues
  75. proct/o
    anus and rectum
  76. proctologist
    someone who studies the anus and rectum
  77. plyor/o
    pyloric sphincter
  78. pyloroplasty
    surgical repair of the pyloric sphincter
  79. rect/o
    rectum
  80. rectocele
    hernia of the rectum
  81. sialaden/o
    salivary gland
  82. sialadenitis
    inflammation of a salivary gland
  83. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  84. sigmoidoscopy
    visual examination of a sigmoid colon
  85. stomat/o
    stomatitis
  86. uvul/o
    uvula
  87. uvulectomy
    excision of the uvula
  88. amyl/o
    starch
  89. amylase
    an enzyme that digests starches into simpler substances
  90. bil/i
    gall/bile
  91. biliary
    pertaining to bile/bile ducts
  92. bilirubin/o
    bilirubin
  93. hyperbilirubinemia
    high levels of bilirubin in bloodstream
  94. chol/e
    gall/bile
  95. cholelithiasis
    abnormal condition of forming gallstones
  96. chlorhydr/o
    hydrochloric acid
  97. achlorhydria
    absence of hydrochloric acid from the gastric juice
  98. gluc/o
    sugar
  99. gluconeogenesis
    process of producing new sugar from fats and proteins; occurs mainly in the liver
  100. glyc/o
    sugar
  101. hyperglycemia
    sugar levels higher than normal in bloodstream
  102. glycogen/o
    glycogen/animal starch
  103. glycogenolysis
    breakdown of glycogen to release sugar
  104. lip/o
    fat/lipid
  105. lipoma
    benign tumor of fatty tissue
  106. lith/o
    stone
  107. lithogenesis
    formation of stone
  108. prote/o
    protein
  109. protease
    enzyme that digests protein
  110. sial/o
    saliva/salivary
  111. sialolith
    salivary gland stone; lodged in a salivary gland or duct
  112. steat/o
    fat
  113. steatorrhea
    discharge of fat in the stool due to improper digestion and malabsorption of fat
  114. -ase
    enzyme
  115. lipase
    enzyme that digests fats; produced by cells in the pancreas and secreted into the duodenum
  116. -chezia
    defecation/elimination of wastes
  117. hematochezia
    passage of bright red blood from the rectum
  118. -iasis
    abnormal condition
  119. choledocholithiasis
    abnormal condition of stones in the common bile duct
  120. -prandial
    meal
  121. postprandial
    after meals

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