S1.1 Codes

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Author:
karthur
ID:
34565
Filename:
S1.1 Codes
Updated:
2010-09-13 21:16:44
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NCIDQ
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Description:
Section 1: Chapter 1: Building Regulations and Codes
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  1. definition: combustible
    material that will ignite and burn, as a flme or glow, in a fire.
  2. definition: fire assembly
    an assembly of a fire door, fire window, or fire damper, including all req'd anchorage, frames, sills and hardware
  3. definition: fire barrier
    fire-resistance-rated vertical or horizontal assembly (with protected openings) designed to restrict the spread of fire
  4. definition: fire partition
    • fire-resistive component used to sperate dwelling units in R-2 const, guest rooms in R-1 const, and tenant spaces in covered malls, also used on corridor walls
    • generally req'd to have min 1HR rating
    • sim to fire barriers, but support reqs aren't as strict
  5. definition: fire protection rating
    • period of time an opening assembly (window, door) can confine a fire or maintain its integrity
    • doors: NFPA 252, UL 10B or UL IOC
    • windows:NFPA 257
    • must withstand fire exposure and thermal shock, not heat transmission (fire-resistance)
  6. definition: fire-rated
    use fire-protection rating
  7. definition: fire resistance
    definition: fire-resistive construction
    the property of a material or assembly to withstand or resist the spread of fire or give protection from it
  8. definition: fire-resistance rating
    • the period of time a building component (wall, floor, roof, beam, column) can confine a fire or maintain its structural integrity
    • ASTM E119, Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    • dif from fire-protection rating, which involves protected openings
  9. definition: fire retardant
    • should not be used as a noun
    • as an adjective, it should only be used as a modifier with defined compund terms
    • ex: fire-retardant-treated wood
  10. definition: flame resistant
    • to withstand flame or give protection from it
    • applies to materials as well as combinations of components
    • NFPA 701, Standard Methods of Fire Tests for Flame-Resistant Textile and Films
  11. definition: flame spread
    the propagation of flame over a surface
  12. definition: flame-spread index
    • value assigned to a material tested in accordance
    • ASTM E84, Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
  13. definition: flammable
    capable of burning with a flame and subject to easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion
  14. definition: non-combustible
    • material that will not ignite and burn in a flame or fire
    • only classified as such if in accordance with:
    • ASTM E136, Standard Test Method for Behavior of Materials in a Vertical Tube Furnace at 750oC
    • or if is has a structural base of non-combustible material with a surfacing not more than 1/8" thick that has a flame-spread index no greater than 50
  15. definition: trim
    picture molds, chair rails, baseboards, handrails, door and window frames, and similar decorative or protective materials used in fixed applications
  16. agencies & organizations: FHA
    Fair Housing Act
  17. agencies & organizations: NFPA
    National Fire Protection Association
  18. agencies & organizations: ANSI
    American Standards Institue
  19. agencies & organizations: ASTM
    American Society for Testing and Materials
  20. agencies & organizations: ASHRAE
    American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air-Conditioning Engineers
  21. agencies & organizations: UL
    Underwriters Laboratories
  22. ASTM E119
    • Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    • fire test for construction assemblies
  23. NFPA 252
    • Standard Test Methods for fire Test for Door Assemblies
    • fire test for construction assemblies
  24. NFPA 257
    • Standard Test Methods for Fire Test for Window and Glass Block Assemblies
    • fire test for construction assemblies
  25. ASTM E84
    • Standar Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials
    • fire test for finish materials
  26. ASTM E662
    • Standard Test Method of Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials
    • fire test for finish materials
  27. ASTM E648
    • Flooring Radiant Panel Test
    • fire test for finish materials
  28. ASTM D2859
    • Standard Test Method for Ignition Characteristics of Finished Textile Floor covering Materials
    • Pill Test
    • fire test for finish materials
  29. NFPA 265
    • Room Corner Test
    • fire test for finish materials
  30. NFPA 286
    • Standard Methods of Fire Test for Evaluating Contribution of Wall and Ceiling Interior Finish to Room Fire Growth
    • fire test for finish materials
  31. NFPA 701
    • Standard Method of Fire Test for Flame Propagation of Textiles and Films
    • fire test for finish materials
  32. occupancy group A
    Assembly
  33. occupancy group B
    Business
  34. occupancy group E
    Educational
  35. occupancy group F
    Factory and Industrial
  36. occupancy group H
    Hazardous
  37. occupancy group I
    Institutional
  38. occupancy group M
    Merchantile
  39. occupancy group R
    Residential
  40. occupancy group S
    Storage
  41. occupancy group U
    Utility or misc
  42. Flame-Spread Ratings
    • (A) I 0 - 25
    • (B) II 26 - 75
    • (C)III 76 - 200
  43. definition: accessory use area
    • area used in conjunction with the main occupancy
    • does not exceed 10% of the floor area of the main occupancy
    • does not need to be seperated form the main occupancy with a fire barrier
  44. definition: incidental use area
    • area that is incidental to the main occupancy and has same classification
    • must be sperated from the main occupancy by a fire barrier

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