MedTerm

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Anonymous
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34586
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MedTerm
Updated:
2010-09-13 21:09:14
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chapter Skeletal System
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Description:
chapter 4-Skeletal System
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  1. What type of bone forms the hard exterior surface of bone?
    -cancellous
    -periostem
    -diaphysis
    -cortical
    Cortical
  2. What medical specialist fits braces to prevent or correct deformities?
    -prosthetist
    -orthopedist
    -orthotist
    -podiatrist
    Orthotist
  3. Which bone is part of the axial skeleton?
    -the clavicle
    -the femur
    -the skull
    -the pubis
    The Skull
  4. The three pelvic-bones- ilium, ischium, and pubis-together are called the:
    -olecranon process
    -innominate bone
    -pelvic floor
    -pectoral girdle
    Innominate Bone
  5. What type of bone fracture is evidenced by bone fragments that are pushed into each other?
    -green stick
    -closed
    -comminuted
    -impacted
    Impacted
  6. The hollow cavity within a bone is called a:
    -sinus
    -condyle
    -foramen
    -trochanter
    Sinus
  7. Which condition is characterized by an abnormal increase in the forward curvature of the lumbar:
    -lordosis
    -scoliosis
    -rickets
    -kyphosis
    lordosis
  8. Softening of the bones caused by a loss of calicum is called:
    -osteoarthritis
    -osteoporosis
    -osteomyelitis
    -osteomalacia
    Osteomalacia
  9. The examination of the interior of a joint by enetering the joint with a small camera is called:
    -arthrography
    -arthrocentesis
    -arthrodesis
    -arthroscopy
    Arthroscopy
  10. What is teh name of a common back surgery designed to relieve compression on a spinal nerve?
    -reduction
    -myelography
    -spinal fusion
    -laminectony
    Laminectomy
  11. Measurement of bone density using an instrument is called:
    -magnetic resonance imaging
    -dual-energy absorptiometry
    -electronyography
    -bone scan
    Dual-Energy Absorptiometry
  12. A congenital deformity of the foot also known as clubfoot is:
    -rickets
    -talipes
    -bursitis
    -osteomyelitis
    Talipes
  13. Backward bending of the foot is referred to as:
    -eversion
    -flexion
    -adduction
    -dorsiflexion
    Dorsiflexion
  14. What type of physicans specializes intreating disorders of the feet?
    -a psychiatrist
    -an orthopedist
    -an orthotist
    -a podiatrist
    A podiatrist
  15. The name for muscle tissue found in the walls of hollow or tube-shaped organs is:
    -cardic muscle
    -smooth muscle
    -skeletal muscle
    -myoneural junction
    Smooth Muscle
  16. A muscle movement that brings a limb into or toward a straight condition is:
    -abduction
    -supination
    -extension
    -flexion
    Extension
  17. a sudden strong involuntary muscle contraction is:
    -adhesion
    -contracture
    -spasm
    -fibromyalgia
    Spasm
  18. An inherited disease causing a progressive muscle degeneration is:
    -lateral epicondylitis
    -rhabdomyoma
    -ganglion
    -muscular dystrophy
    Muscular Dystrophy
  19. Pain caused by compression of the nerve as it passes between the bones and ligaments of the wrist is:
    -spondyolisthesis
    -herniated nucleus pulposus
    -carpal tunnel syndrome
    -gout
    Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  20. Fracture is abbreviated:
    -FR
    -FA
    -FT
    -FX
    FX
  21. T/F
    The skull is subdivided into the cranium and facial bones.
    True
  22. The fibula is found in the upper leg.
    T/F
    False
  23. Vertebrae are examples of flat bones.

    T/F
    False
  24. A tubercle is a rough process that provides the attachment for tendons and muscles.

    T/F
    True
  25. Colle's fracture is a common type of ankle fracture.

    T/F
    False
  26. spina bifida is a congenital abnormaly of the vertebral column.

    T/F
    True
  27. Skeletal muscles are attached to bones by ligaments.

    T/F
    False
  28. Creatine phospokinase is a muscle enzyme found in skeletal and cardiac muscle.

    T/F
    True
  29. The abbreviation of electromyograph is EMG.

    T/F
    True
  30. A herniated nucleus pulposus is commonly called a frature-dislocation.

    T/F
    False

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