flashcards lecture test 1.txt
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What are the 5 functions of bone?
- Manufacture of blood cells
- Mineral resivoir
- muscle attachement
Name the term for a bone cell.
What is the root word for bone(s)?
What is the name for the membrane surrounding bone, to which muscles attach?
The end of long bones is called the _____________
Name the term for the diameter of long bones
The axial skeleton makes up the __________ ______
The axial skeleton includes:
- the skull
- vertebral column
- & rib cage
The skull is comprised of how many bones, sutures, & fontanels?
nearest to the point of origin
farthest to the point of origin
where a muscle attaches to a bone where NO movement occurs
where musle attahes to bone, where movement occurs
Name the term for the soft spots of the skull, where two bones intersect
Name the fontanel loated at the coronal & sagittal suture
the frontal fontanel
what fontanel is loated at the sagittal & ambdoidal suture?
the occipital fontanel
The sphenoidal fontanel is located at he intersection of what two sutures?
the coronal and squamosal
Which fonanel is located at the intersection of the squamosal and lambdoidal sutures?
the mastoidal fonanel
The first set of vertebrae, which make up the neck are
the cervical vertebrae
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
The C1 vertebra, which supports the skull is called the __________
The C2 vertebra, which rotates the skull is called the _______
The 2nd set of vertebrae, which make up the the greater cuvature of the vertebral colum are the
How many torasic vertebrae are there?
- 1 per pair of ribs
- named T1 through T12
The set of vertebrae that make up the small curvature of the back are
the lumbar vertebrae
There are how many lumbar vertebrae?
The 5 vertebrae, which are fused together to form the sacrum are the
The coccygeal vertebrae are
4 fused vertebrae, which make up the coccyx (tailbone)
The rib cage is made up of
12 pairs of ribs & the sternum (breast bone)
The "true ribs" are
- the first seven pair of ribs
- they have direct sternal attachement
False ribs are
- the 2nd set of ribs
- there are 3 pair
- they have indirect sternal attachement
The indirect sternal attachement of the false ribs is provided via
he lowest two air of ribs ae called
- the floating ribs
- they have no sternal attachement
The muscle between the ribs is called the
The body of the sternum is called
The head of the sternum is called the
The bottom point of the sternum is called the
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