FundofNurse

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Author:
larias12
ID:
34659
Filename:
FundofNurse
Updated:
2010-09-14 12:20:22
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Ch46 Fluid Electro Acid Base Balance
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  1. acid
    substance containing a hydrogen ion that can be liberated or released
  2. acidiosis
    conditon characterized by proportionate excess of hydrogen ions in the extracellular fluid, in which the pH falls below 7.35
  3. active transport
    movement of ions or molecules across cell mambranes, usually against a pressure gradient and withthe expenditure of metabolic energy
  4. agglutinin
    an antibody that causes a clumping of specific antigens
  5. alkalosis
    condition, characterized by a proportionate lack of hydrogen ions in the extracellular fluid concentration, in which the pH exceeds 7.45
  6. anions
    ion that carries a negative electric charge
  7. antibody
    immunoglobin produced by the body in response to a specific antigen
  8. antigen
    foreign material capable of inducing a specific immune response
  9. autologous transfusion
    occurs when a patient donates his or her own blood for a transfusion
  10. base
    substance that can accept or trap a hydrogen ion; synonym for alkali
  11. buffer
    substance that prevents body fluid from becoming overly acid or alkaline
  12. cation
    ion that carries a positive electric charge
  13. colloid osmotic pressure
    pressure exerted by plasma proteins on permeable membranes in the body;synonym for oncotic pressure
  14. crossmatching
    act of determining the compatibility of two blood specimens
  15. diffusion
    tendency of solutes to move freely throughout a solevent from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration until equilibrium is established
  16. edema
    accumulation of fluid in extracellular spaces
  17. electrolytes
    substance capable of breaking into ions and developing an electric charge when dissolved in solution
  18. filtration
    passage of a fluid through a permeable membrane whose spaces do not allow certain solutes to pass; passage is from an area of higher pressure to one of lower pressure
  19. hydrostic pressure
    force exerted by a fluid against the container wall
  20. hypercalcemia
    excess of calcium in the extracellular fluid
  21. hyperkalemia
    excess of potassium in the extracellular fluid
  22. hypermagnesium
    excess of magnesium in the extracellular fluid
  23. hypernatremia
    excess of sodium in the extracellular fluid
  24. hyperphosphatemia
    above-normal serum concentration of inorganic phosphorus
  25. hypertonic
    having a greater concentration than the solution with which it is being compared
  26. hypervolemia
    excess of plasma
  27. hypocalcemia
    insufficient amount of calcium in the extracellular fluid
  28. hypokalemia
    insufficient amount of potassium in the extracellular fluid
  29. hypomagnesemia
    insufficient amount of magnesium in the extracellular fluid
  30. hyponatremia
    insufficient amount of sodium in the extracellular fluid
  31. hypophosphatemia
    below-normal serum concentration of inorganic phosphorus
  32. hypotonic
    having a lesser concentration than the solution with which it is being compared
  33. hypovolemia
    deficiency of blood plasma
  34. ion
    atom or molecule carrying an electric charge in solution
  35. isotonic
    1. having about the same concentration as the solution with which it is being compared; 2. exercise in which muscles shorten (contact) and move
  36. osmolarity
    concentration of particles in a solution, or a solution's pulling power
  37. osmosis
    passage of a solevent through a semipermeable membrane from an area of lesser concentration to an area of greater concentration until equilibrium is established
  38. pH
    expression of hydrogen ion concentration and resulting acidity of a substance
  39. solutes
    substance dissolve in a solution
  40. solvents
    liquid holding a substance in solution
  41. typing
    determining a person's blood type

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