Bio Chapt. 2

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ccd
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34707
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Bio Chapt. 2
Updated:
2010-09-14 16:33:44
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BIO vocab
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Bio Chapt 2
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  1. ___________ when something is made out of carbon
    Organic
  2. Different things that are attached to carbon are called..
    Functional groups
  3. What are the six different functional groups of carbon?
    • Alcohol
    • Amino proteins
    • Acid proteins
    • Aldehyde
    • Ketone
    • Phosphate groups
  4. What are the four molecules of life?
    • Carbs
    • Lipids
    • Proteins
    • Nucleic acid
  5. What are the three kinds of carbs?
    • Monosaccarides
    • Disaccarides
    • Polysaccarides
  6. What type of carb is one simple sugar unit?
    Monosaccaride
  7. What type of carbs has two sugat units?
    Disaccarides
  8. What are some examples of Disaccarides?
    Sucrose and Maltose
  9. A Monomer is what?
    A single unit or building block
  10. Polysaccarides are known as what?
    Complex carbs
  11. Cell walls of plants is what?
    Cellulose
  12. The energy storage in animals is what?
    Glycogen
  13. Used often as insect exoskeletons?
    Chitin
  14. The following are the functions of what: Energy storage, membrane structure of cells, coatings, and Hormones:
    Lipids
  15. What are the building blocks of fats and oils?
    1 Glycerol and 3 fatty acids
  16. This fatty acid is solid at room temperature and is only single carbons with hydrogens.
    Saturated fatty acid
  17. Fatty acid that is liquid at room temperature and has 1 or more double bonds?
    Unsaturated fatty acid
  18. Fatty acid that has 2 or more double bonds?
    1st double bond after C3
    Polyunsaturated fatty acid

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