Antibiotics II

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Author:
dineane
ID:
34822
Filename:
Antibiotics II
Updated:
2010-09-17 19:33:18
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Pharmacy Flashcards
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Description:
Flashcards for common antibiotic medications
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  1. 1. Zithromax...generic?
    2. what class?
    3. refrigerate suspension?
    4. with or without food?
    • 1. azithromycin
    • 2. macrolide
    • 3. no
    • 4. preferably without but can take with food to reduce dyspesia
  2. Macrolides...
    1. broad or narrow spectrum?
    2. indications?
    3. side effects?
    4. Does antacids have any effect on them?
    • 1. broad spectrum
    • 2. upper and lower respiratory infections (including pneumonia), skin infections, STDS
    • 3. diarrhea in almost 5%, gi upset so can take with food to minimize
    • 4. yes, slows absorption rate
  3. 1. Biaxin...generic?
    2. what class?
    3. refrigerate suspension?
    4. with or without food?
    • 1. clarithromycin
    • 2. macrolide
    • 3. no
    • 4. with
  4. what are the brand names for tetractcline?
    panmycin and sumycin
  5. what is the brand name for doxycycline?
    what class?
    • vibramycin
    • tetracycline derivative
  6. What is the treatment of choice for RMSF and Lyme Disease?
    Doxyclycline
  7. For tetracycline derivatives...
    1. broad or narrow spectrum? indications?
    2. how often is it taken?
    3. side effects?
    4. age limit for children?
    5. Consultation info? any problems with antacids or mvi?
    • 1. broad spectrum and used for upper respiratory infections, acne, pneumonia, skin infections
    • 2. 2-4 times daily
    • 3. photosensitivity, can cause yellowing of teeth of a baby in utero,
    • 4. not for children under 8
    • 5. do not take if pregnant, take on empty stomach, avoid calcium products
  8. Metrogel/Flagyl...1. generic?
    2. indications?
    3. side effect(s)?
    4. Important fact?
    5. what type of reaction?
    • 1. metronidazole
    • 2. anaerobic bacterial and protozoal infections
    • 3. GI upset, diarrhea, metallic taste in mouth
    • 4. No alcohol!
    • 5. disulfiram reaction- violently ill
  9. Septra/Bactrim...1. generic?
    2. drug class?
    3. indications?
    4. consult info?
    • 1. sulfamethaxole/trimethoprim
    • 2. sulfa
    • 3. UTI, chronic bronchitis exacerbations, bronchitis, otitis media, acne, travelers diarrhea
    • 4. take with full 8 ounces of water
  10. 1. What is the half life of Diflucan?
    2. what does it treat?
    • 1. 30 hours
    • 2. yeast infections, thrush, meningitis
  11. 1. What are the common ways to take nystatin?
    2. What is important to know about it?
    • 1. swish and swit or swish and swallow
    • 2. shake well
  12. Tamiflu...
    1. generic?
    2. Minimum age recommended and under what circumstances?
    3. indications?
    • 1. Oseltamivir
    • 2. indication for children over 1 for influenza, guidelines available for children younger then one for H1N1
    • 3. treatment of flu patients who are only experiencing their first two days of symptoms or as a propholaxis
  13. Bactroban...
    1. generic?
    2. dosage forms?
    3 side effects?
    4. Consultations/how to you use?
    • 1. Mupirocin
    • 2. topical ointment and nasal ointment
    • 3. may cause stinging and pain at site
    • 4. cover area with small film and do not rub in. Report any swelling to a physician

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