histology1

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
34852
Filename:
histology1
Updated:
2010-09-15 00:24:38
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PT623
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Description:
Histo 1st PP
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  1. Define Tissue
    • Group(s) of cell types and intercellular material that act
    • together to perform specific function (muscle, nerve)
  2. Define Organ/Organ system
    Aggregate of cells/tissues held together by intra and intercellular support structures (kidney, heart, GI tract)
  3. Intracellular fluid ratio
    2/3 of total body fluid
  4. List some basic components within cytosol
    carbohyrdates, proteins, lipids, amino acids
  5. what controls cytosol contents?
    Cell membrane/metabolism
  6. Define interstitial fluid, plasma, transcellular fluids
    • Interstitial - surrounds cells but does not circulate (3/4 ECF)
    • plasma - extracellular component of blood, circulates (1/4 ECF)
    • transcellular - fluid outside of normal compartments (CSF, synovial fluid, mucus, digestive juices)
  7. What does it mean to have increased amounts of cholesterol in the cell membrane?
    cell membrane has increased viscosity. This allows the cell to control it's movement through increased rigidity or fluidity of membrane
  8. examples of hydrophilic/phobic molecules
    • philic: proteins, glucose, ions, urea
    • phobic: CO2, O2, lipids, alcohol
  9. four functions of cell membrane
    physical isolation, immunospecificity, selective permeability, structural support
  10. Functions of an integral protein
    Spanning the lipid bilayer, in integral protein can allow hydrophilic molecules to diffuse, can actively transport molecules, and can receive messages from enzymes/ligands
  11. peripheral proteins
    usually residing on the cytoplasmic side of the cell near transmembrane proteins, the peripheral protein activates a process on the inside of the cell when ligand activates transmembrane protein
  12. Glycocalyx
    • Serves as recognition factor in immunospecificity
    • Attachment sites for other cells and to ECM
    • some negatively charged to reflect other negative ions
    • receptors for binding hormones
  13. The outer layer of the nucleus is continuous with the ____ ____
    endoplasmic reticulum. Also contains genes that control production of cellular proteins
  14. More about the nucleus
    It contains guarded pores where double membrane fuses. It contains heterochromatin (inactive) and euchromatin (active) DNA strands. Contains a nucleoli (accumulation of Ribosomes and RNA ready to be translated)
  15. structure/function of endoplasmic reticulum
    complex of flat and vesicular membrane bound structures. Functions to manufacture proteins from RNA pouring from nucleus. Rough ER - ribosomes (produces new protein for cell/for secretion), smooth ER - no ribosomes. (steroid production, detoxification, membrane upkeep, calcium storage)
  16. golgi apparatus structure/function
    Receives packaged materials from ER for final processing/secretion (cell packaging center)

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