Psych Test 1

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Anonymous
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34896
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Psych Test 1
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2010-09-15 10:38:29
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psychology
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psych test review
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  1. In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ________; from the 1920s into the 1960s, American psychologists emphasized the study of ________.
    A) mental illness; effective psychotherapy
    B) unconscious motives; conscious thoughts and feelings
    C) mental processes; observable behavior
    D) maladaptive behavior; adaptive behavior
    C) mental processes; observable behavior
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which perspective is most concerned with the unique ways in which individulas interpret their own life experiences?

    A) behavioral
    B) cognitive
    C) social-cultural
    D) behavior genetics
    B) cognitive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which psychological perspective is most likely to be concerned with identifying the powers and the limits of human reasoning?

    A) social-cultural
    B) neuroscience
    C) cognitive
    D) behavior genetics
    E) behavioral
    C) cognitive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which perspective would emphasize that the differing political and economic systems of the united states and china lead citizens of these two countries to adopt many different customs and attidues?

    A) social-cultural
    B) evolutionary
    C) cognitive
    D) psychodynamic
    E) neuroscience
    A) social-cultural
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. To say that "psychology is a science" means that:

    A) psychologists study only observable behaviors
    B) psychological research should be free of value judgments
    C) psychologists approach the study of thoughts and actions with careful observation and rigorous analysis
    d) all of the above are true
    C) psychologists approach the study of thoughts and actions with careful observation and rigorous analysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. In a class lecture, Professor Hampton emphasized the extenet to which abnormal body chemistry can contribute to psychological disorders. The professor's lecture highlighted a __________ perspective on psychological disorders.

    A) cognitive
    B) neuroscience
    C) social-cultural
    D) psychodynaic
    E) behavior genetics
    B) neuroscience
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Mark believes that people's dislike of bitter-tasting foods is an inherited trait because it has enhanced human survival. His belief best illustrates the __________ perspective.

    A) psychodynamic
    B) social- cultural
    C) evolutionary
    D) behavioral
    E) cognitive
    C) evolutionary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. The behavioral perspective is most likely to emphaize the importance of:

    A) intospection
    B) learning
    C) self-esteem
    D) natual selection
    B) learning
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Dr. MacPherson believes that the way students attend to, organize, and think about the information in their textbooks will strongly influence their ability to later remember and use what they haev studied, Dr. MacPherson's ideas most directly exemplify the __________ perspective.

    A) social-cultural
    B) psychodynamic
    C) cognitive
    D) behavioral
    E) neuroscience
    C) cognitive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which psychological perspective is most likely to examine how group membership influences individual attitudes and behaviors?

    A) cognitive
    B) social-cultural
    C) neuroscience
    D) evolutionary
    B) social-cultural
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Dr. Howard conducts basic research on the relative effectiveness of massed practice and spaced practice on a person's ability to remember information Dr. Howard is most likely a _________ psychologist.

    A) personality
    B) biological
    C) social
    D) cognitive
    E) developmental
    D) cognitive
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Mrs. Alfieri believes that her husband's irritability toward her results from his unconscious feeligns of hostility toward his own mother. Mrs. Alfieri is interpreting her husband's behavior from a ___________ perspecitve.

    A) neuroscience
    B) psychodynamic
    C) social-cultural
    D) behavioral
    B) psychodynamic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following correlations between self-esteem and body weight would enable you to most accurately predict body weight from knowledge of self-esteem level?

    A) -.10
    B) +.01
    C) +.60
    D) -.06
    E) .00
    C) .60
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Preditction is to _______ as explanation is to ______.

    A) independent vvariable; dependent variable
    B) case study; survey
    C) random assignment; random sampling
    D) the hindsight bias; false consensus
    E) correlation; experimentation
    E) correlation; experimentation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Research participants are randomly assigned to different conditions in an experiment in order to:

    A) increase the likelihood that research are representative of people in general
    B) reduce the likelihood that participants within any conditions know each other.
    C) increase the likelihood that the different conditions have the same number of participants.
    D) reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences between the groups of participants assigned to the different conditions
    D) reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences between the groups of participants assigned to the different conditions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Seven members of a girl scout troop reprot the following individual earnings from their scale of candy 4, 1, 7, 6, , 8, 2. In this distribution of individual earnigns, the mean is ______ the mode and _______ the median

    A) less than; less than
    B) less than; equal to
    C) equal to; greater than
    D) equal to; equal to
    E) greater than; greater tahn
    A) less than; less than
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Dr. Donelian wants to reduce his students' perception that psychological experiments merely document the obvious. His best strategy would be to ask the students to:

    A) develop their own theories
    B) conduct their own experiments
    C) explain the outcomes of experiments after they are told acutal results
    D) describe how experimental hypotheses were divided from basic psyhological principals
    E) predict the outcomes of experiments before they are told the actual results
    E) predict the outcomes of experimetns before they are told the actual results
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Compared to nonscientific theories, the unique feature of scientific theories is that they:

    A) generate testable hypotheses
    B) guide observations
    C) are never disconfirmed
    D) provide explanations
    A) generate testable hypothese
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. hypotheses are best described as:

    A) assumptions
    B) confirmations
    C) explanations
    D) predictions
    E) relications
    D) predictions
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. In order to gain further understanding of how brain malfunctions influence behavior, Dr. Mosher extensively and carefully observed and questioned two stroke victims. Which research method did Dr. Mosher employ?

    A) random sampling
    B) the case study
    C) experiment
    D) the survey
    B) the case study
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. a majority of respondents in a national survey agreed that "classroom prayer should not be allowed in public schools." only 33 percent of respondents in a similar survey agreed that "classroom prayer in public schools should be banned" these divergent findings best illustrate the importance of

    A) the hindsight bias
    B) sampling errors
    C) wording effects
    D) the false consensus effect
    E) an illusion of control
    C) wording effects
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which research method would be most effective for identifying the mating rituals of north american deer?

    A) naturalistic observation
    B) the double-blind procedure
    C) survey research
    D) experimentation
    A) naturalistic observation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. a researcher would be most likely to discover a negative correlation between:

    A) self-esteem and depression
    B) intellidence and academic success
    C) a body height and body weight
    D) education and personal wealth
    A) self-esteem and depression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. a correlation between self-esteem and annual income of -.75 would indicate that:

    A) it is impossible to predict annual income levels from knowledge of self-esteem levels
    B) higher levels of annual income are associated with lower levels of self-esteem
    C) self-esteem has no casual influence on annual income
    D) lower levels of self-esteem are associated with lower levels of annual income
    B) higher levels of annual income are associated with lower levels of self-esteem
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. which of the following correlations between annual income and education level would best enable you to predict annual income on the basis of level of education

    A) -.05
    B) -.001
    C) +.10
    D) +.05
    E) +.50
    E) +.50
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Mr. Brown has gathered evidence showing that the weight of grade school students correlates positively with reading skill. beffore he uses this evidence to conclude that body weight enhances reading ability, Mr. Brown should first be reminded that:

    A) events often seem more probable in hindsight
    B) random sequences of events often don't look random
    C) teh tendency to seek confirming information promotes illusory correlations
    D) correlation does not prove causation
    E) sampling extreme cases leads to false generalizations
    D) correlation does not prove causation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. If psychologists discovered that people who live at the poverty level have more aggressive children do wealthy people, this would indicate that:

    A) some of the same factors that lead to poverty also contribue to aggressiveness
    B) poverty has a negative influence on children's behavior
    C) people's economic status and the aggressiveness of their children are negatively correlated
    d) all the above are true
    C) people's economic status and the aggressiveness of their children are negatively correlated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. experimentation is more useful than correlational measures for testing the clame that:

    A) people's friendliness and feeligns of happiness are increased by consumption of alcohol
    B) people who consume excessive amounts of coffee experience higher than normal levels of anxiety
    C) people who exercise frequently are less liekly to suffer from depression than infrequent exercisers
    D) children who view a great deal of television violence are also likely to be unusally aggressive
    A) people's friendliness and feelings of happiness are increased by consumption of alcohol
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. correlation is to _______ as experimentation is to _______

    A) prediction; explanation
    B) random assignment; random sampling
    C) cause; effect
    D) the hindsight bias; false consesus
    E)dependent variable; independent variable
    A) prediction; explanation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. random samplings is to _______ as random assignment is to ___

    A) correlational studies; case studies
    B) description; prediction
    C) surveys; experiments
    D) illusory correlation; false consensus
    E) replication; correlation
    C) surveys; experiments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. In corder to study some effects of alcohol sonsumption, Dr. Chu tested the physical coordination skills of 21-yr old men who were first assigned to drink a beverage with either 4, 2, or 0 ounces of alcohol in the laboratory. In this study, the independent variable consisted of:

    A) the amount of alcohol consumed
    B) the effects of alcohol consumption
    C) the age of research participants
    D) the physical coordination skills of the research participants
    e) all the above
    A) the amount of alcohol consumed
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. seven memebers of a 4h club reported the following individual earnigns from the sale of cakes 7, 13,3, 5, 2, 9. in this distribution of indificual earnings, the mean is _________ the mode and ________ the median

    A) greater than; greater than
    B) less than; less than
    C) greater than; equal to
    D) equal to; equal to
    E) equal to; less than
    A) greater than; greater than
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. researchers use experiments rather than other research methods in order to distinguish between:

    A) cause studies and surveys
    B) random samples and represntative sampes
    C) causes and effects
    D) facts and theories
    C) causes and effects
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. in a written reprot of their research, psychologists specify exactly how anxiety is assessed, thus providing their readers with a(n):

    A) operational definition
    B) hypothesis
    C) standard deviation
    D) independent variable
    A) operational definition
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. which of the following scientific procedures is most useful for helping researchers avoid false generalizations?

    A) the case study
    B) random sampling
    C) naturalistic observation
    D) operational definitions
    B) random sampling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. correlaiton research is most useful for purpose of:

    A) prediction
    B) control
    C) explanation
    D) replication
    A) prediction
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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