American Studies 202 Exam 1

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American Studies 202 Exam 1
2010-09-15 14:22:13
Post Civil War

Chs 16-18
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  1. Black Codes
    In autumn of 1865 the South began to pass these. They were restrictions on blacks; in which tried to go around the 13th amendment. This would maintain the social status of prewar society. For example, vagrancy laws were put into effect.
  2. Wade-Davis Bill
    This bill was (republican) Congress' plan for reconstruction in the south in July 1864. Drafted by Ben Wade of Ohio, and Henry Davis of Maryland; the bill declared that majority of whites had to take a loyalty oath, and guaranteed black equality. This plan would build republican party in south. No states enter the Union through this plan and Lincoln vetoed the bill
  3. Fourteenth Amendment
    Ratifieed July 1868. Guaranteed citizenship to native born or naturalized. Protected citizens’ rights from the states. Threatened to deprive states of representatives in Congress if they denied citizens the vote.
  4. Freedmen’s Bureau
    Agency established by Congress in March 1865 to provide freedmen with shelter, food, and medical aig and to help them establish schools and fin employment. Agents for this group were usually military officers. Dissolved in 1872.
  5. sharecropping
    System between former slaves and former slave owners. Former slaves wanted land and fomer slave owners needed labor. Land ownders provided land, tools, and seed to farming family who in turn provided labor. The resulting crops were divided between them, with the farmers recieving a share of 1/3 to 1/2.
  6. Radical Reconstruction
    Reconstruction Acts of 1867 divided the South into 5 military districts. They required the states to guarantee black male suffrage and to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment as a condition of their readmission to the Union.
  7. Force Acts