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Name the two skeletal system divisions?
How many bones are in the skull?
8 form the cranium
Name the five sutures in the skull?
Bone meets bone
Where is the sagittal suture located?
Between 2 parietal bones
Where is the squamosal suture located?
Where is the frontonasal suture located?
Where frontal meets nasal
How are processes named?
"For the bone they reach for"
& not the bone they are apart of
Name the two visceral bones?
Where is hyoid bone located?
The hyoid bone provides attachment
To the muscles of the floor of the mouth
& the tongue above, the larynx below,
& the epiglottis and pharynx behind
The hyoid bone is unique in what way?
It is the only bone in the human
Skeleton that is not articulated with
Any other bone.
Where are the auditory ossicles located?
In the temporal bone
Name the four fontanels in the fetal skull?
What are the six regions of the spinal column?
What is the atlas of the spinal column? What is it's function? What does it articulate with?
Permits nodding "yes", prevents twisting
Articulates with occipital bone
What is the axis of the spinal column?
Permits head to turn from side to side
Why does shaking a child cause damage to the spinal cord?
Fusion between the dens and
The axis (C2) is not complete
In a child
How many veterbrae bones are in the thoracic region of the spinal column? What are they attached to?
How many bones are in the lumbar region of the spinal column? Where is it located?
How many bones are in the sacrum region of the spinal column? Where are they located?
Fused into one structure. Attaches
axial skeleton to pelvic girdle
& lower appendicular skeleton
How many bones are in the coccyx region of the spinal column?
What is the dens process?
A process found on the axis (C2)
On its anterior surface is an oval or nearly
Circular facet for articulation with that
On the anterior arch of the atlas.
Name the five vertebral features?
Define the vertebrae feature, body?
Seperated by intervertebral discs
(fibrous tissue between body of vertebrae)
Define vertebral foramen?
Houses spianl cord
Define spinous process?
(back of neck, C7)
Define transverse process?
Define transverse foramen?
Gives passage, and protects blood
Vessels to brain
(only in cervical vertebrae)
Name the features of a cervical vertebrae?
Name the six parts of the axial body?
Sacrum & coccyx
Name the parts of the appendicular division of the skeleton?
What does the pectoral girdle connect? What bones does it consist of?
Upper limbs to the axial skeleton
What attaches to the pectoral girdle?
Name the bones of the arm?
Carpels, metacarpels, phalanges
What skeleton system does the pelvic girdle belong to? What bones make up the girdle?
Appendicular (legs hang)
2 (right and left) os coxae
3 fused bones
Name the three fused bones in the pelvic girdle?
What 4 bones make up the pelvis?
Right and left os coxae
The leg belongs to which skeletal division?
Name the bones of the leg?
Tarsals, metatarsals. phalanges
What is the largest bone in the body?
What is the tibia located in the body? What is it's function?
What is unique about the ulnas head?
It's the only bone where
The head is distal
What is true of a fossa or notch?
There is a process or
Bone that fits into it
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