psych test 1

Card Set Information

psych test 1
2010-09-15 18:19:58

psych review
Show Answers:

  1. In its early years, psychology focused on the study of ________; from the 1920s into the 1960s, American psychologists emphasized the study of ________.

    A) mental illness; effective psychotherapy

    B) maladaptive behavior; adaptive behavior

    C) unconscious motives; conscious thoughts and feelings

    D) mental processes; observable behavior
  2. Which perspective is most concerned with the unique ways in which individuals interpret their own life experiences?

    A) behavioral

    B) cognitive

    C) social-cultural

    D) neuroscience

    E) behavior genetics
  3. Which psychological perspective is most likely to be concerned with identifying the powers and the limits of human reasoning?

    A) cognitive

    B) behavioral

    C) neuroscience

    D) social-cultural

    E) behavior genetics
  4. Which perspective would emphasize that the differing political and economic systems of the United States and China lead citizens of these two countries to adopt many different customs and attitudes?

    A) evolutionary

    B) cognitive

    C) psychodynamic

    D) social-cultural

    E) neuroscience
  5. To say that "psychology is a science" means that:

    A) psychologists study only observable behaviors.

    B) psychologists approach the study of thoughts and actions with careful observation and rigorous analysis.

    C) psychological research should be free of value judgments.

    D) all of the above are true.
  6. In a class lecture, Professor Hampton emphasized the extent to which abnormal body chemistry can contribute to psychological disorders. The professor's lecture highlighted a ________ perspective on psychological disorders.

    A) psychodynamic

    B) behavior genetics

    C) neuroscience

    D) social-cultural

    E) cognitive
  7. Mark believes that people's dislike of bitter-tasting foods is an inherited trait because it has enhanced human survival. His belief best illustrates the ________ perspective.

    A) psychodynamic

    B) social-cultural

    C) evolutionary

    D) behavioral

    E) cognitive
  8. The behavioral perspective is most likely to emphasize the importance of:

    A) learning.

    B) introspection.

    C) natural selection.

    D) self-esteem
  9. Dr. MacPherson believes that the way students attend to, organize, and think about the information in their textbooks will strongly influence their ability to later remember and use what they have studied. Dr. MacPherson's ideas most directly exemplify the ________ perspective.

    A) social-cultural

    B) cognitive

    C) psychodynamic

    D) behavioral

    E) neuroscience
  10. Which psychological perspective is most likely to examine how group membership influences individual attitudes and behaviors?

    A) neuroscience

    B) cognitive

    C) evolutionary

    D) social-cultural
  11. Dr. Howard conducts basic research on the relative effectiveness of massed practice and spaced practice on a person's ability to remember information. Dr. Howard is most likely a ________ psychologist.

    A) social

    B) developmental

    C) personality

    D) biological

    E) cognitive
  12. Mrs. Alfieri believes that her husband's irritability toward her results from his unconscious feelings of hostility toward his own mother. Mrs. Alfieri is interpreting her husband's behavior from a ________ perspective.

    A) neuroscience

    B) behavioral

    C) psychodynamic

    D) social-cultural
  13. Which of the following correlations between self-esteem and body weight would enable you to most accurately predict body weight from knowledge of self-esteem level?

    A) +.60

    B) +.01

    C) -.10

    D) -.06

    E) .00
  14. Prediction is to ________ as explanation is to ________.

    A) correlation; experimentation

    B) case study; survey

    C) random assignment; random sampling

    D) independent variable; dependent variable

    E) the hindsight bias; false consensus
  15. Research participants are randomly assigned to different conditions in an experiment in order to:

    A) reduce the likelihood that participants within any condition know each other.

    B) increase the likelihood that research participants are representative of people in general.

    C) reduce the likelihood of any preexisting differences between the groups of participants assigned to the different conditions.

    D) increase the likelihood that the different experimental conditions have the same number of participants.
  16. Seven members of a Girl Scout troop report the following individual earnings from their sale of candy: $4, $1, $7, $6, $8, $2, and $7. In this distribution of individual earnings, the mean is ________ the mode and ________ the median.

    A) equal to; equal to

    B) less than; equal to

    C) equal to; greater than

    D) greater than; greater than

    E) less than; less than
  17. Dr. Donelian wants to reduce his students' perception that psychological experiments merely document the obvious. His best strategy would be to ask the students to:

    A) describe how experimental hypotheses were derived from basic psychological principles.

    B) predict the outcomes of experiments before they are told the actual results.

    C) explain the outcomes of experiments after they are told the actual results.

    D) conduct their own experiments.

    E) develop their own theories.
  18. Compared to nonscientific theories, the unique feature of scientific theories is that they:

    A) provide explanations.

    B) guide observations.

    C) generate testable hypotheses.

    D) are never disconfirmed.
  19. Hypotheses are best described as:

    A) assumptions.

    B) replications.

    C) explanations.

    D) confirmations.

    E) predictions.
  20. In order to gain further understanding of how brain malfunctions influence behavior, Dr. Mosher extensively and carefully observed and questioned two stroke victims. Which research method did Dr. Mosher employ?

    A) random sampling

    B) the survey

    C) the case study

    D) experimentation
  21. A majority of respondents in a national survey agreed that "classroom prayer should not be allowed in public schools." Only 33 percent of respondents in a similar survey agreed that "classroom prayer in public schools should be banned." These divergent findings best illustrate the importance of:

    A) an illusion of control.

    B) the hindsight bias.

    C) the false consensus effect.

    D) sampling errors.

    E) wording effects.
  22. Which research method would be most effective for identifying the mating rituals of North American deer?

    A) survey research

    B) naturalistic observation

    C) experimentation

    D) the double-blind procedure
  23. A researcher would be most likely to discover a negative correlation between:

    A) body height and body weight.

    B) self-esteem and depression.

    C) education and personal wealth.

    D) intelligence and academic success
  24. A correlation between self-esteem and annual income of -.75 would indicate that:

    A) lower levels of self-esteem are associated with lower levels of annual income.

    B) higher levels of annual income are associated with lower levels of self-esteem.

    C) it is impossible to predict annual income levels from knowledge of self-esteem levels.

    D) self-esteem has no causal influence on annual income
  25. Which of the following correlations between annual income and education level would best enable you to predict annual income on the basis of level of education?

    A) +.05

    B) -.01

    C) +.10

    D) +.50

    E) -.001
  26. Mr. Brown has gathered evidence showing that the weight of grade school students correlates positively with reading skill. Before he uses this evidence to conclude that body weight enhances reading ability, Mr. Brown should first be reminded that:

    A) events often seem more probable in hindsight.

    B) random sequences of events often don't look random.

    C) sampling extreme cases leads to false generalizations.

    D) correlation does not prove causation.

    E) the tendency to seek confirming information promotes illusory correlations.
  27. If psychologists discovered that people who live at the poverty level have more aggressive children than do wealthy people, this would indicate that:

    A) poverty has a negative influence on children's behavior.

    B) some of the same factors that lead to poverty also contribute to aggressiveness.

    C) people's economic status and the aggressiveness of their children are negatively correlated.

    D) all the above are true
  28. Experimentation is more useful than correlational measures for testing the claim that:

    A) children who view a great deal of television violence are also likely to be unusually aggressive.

    B) people who exercise frequently are less likely to suffer from depression than infrequent exercisers.

    C) people's friendliness and feelings of happiness are increased by consumption of alcohol.

    D) people who consume excessive amounts of coffee experience higher than normal levels of anxiety.
  29. Correlation is to ________ as experimentation is to ________.

    A) cause; effect

    B) prediction; explanation

    C) the hindsight bias; false consensus

    D) random assignment; random sampling

    E) dependent variable; independent variable
  30. Random sampling is to ________ as random assignment is to ________.

    A) correlational studies; case studies

    B) surveys; experiments

    C) illusory correlation; false consensus

    D) replication; correlation

    E) description; prediction
  31. In order to study some effects of alcohol consumption, Dr. Chu tested the physical coordination skills of 21-year-old men who were first assigned to drink a beverage with either 4, 2, or 0 ounces of alcohol in the laboratory. In this study, the independent variable consisted of:

    A) the age of the research participants.

    B) the physical coordination skills of the research participants.

    C) the amount of alcohol consumed.

    D) the effects of alcohol consumption.

    E) all the above.
  32. Seven members of a 4H club reported the following individual earnings from their sale of cakes: $7, $13, $3, $5, $2, $9, and $3. In this distribution of individual earnings, the mean is ________ the mode and ________ the median.

    A) equal to; equal to

    B) greater than; greater than

    C) equal to; less than

    D) greater than; equal to

    E) less than; less than
  33. Researchers use experiments rather than other research methods in order to distinguish between:

    A) facts and theories.

    B) causes and effects.

    C) case studies and surveys.

    D) random samples and representative samples
  34. In a written report of their research, psychologists specify exactly how anxiety is assessed, thus providing their readers with a(n):

    A) hypothesis.

    B) independent variable.

    C) operational definition.

    D) standard deviation.
  35. Which of the following scientific procedures is most useful for helping researchers avoid false generalizations?

    A) the case study

    B) naturalistic observation

    C) random sampling

    D) operational definitions
  36. Correlational research is most useful for purposes of:

    A) explanation.

    B) prediction.

    C) control.

    D) replication.
  37. A researcher was interested in determining whether her students' test performance could be predicted from their proximity to the front of the classroom. So she matched her students' scores on a math test with their seating position. This study is an example of:

    A) experimentation.

    B) correlational research.

    C) a survey.

    D) naturalistic observation.
  38. The procedure designed to ensure that the experimental and control groups do not differ in any way that might affect the experiment's results is called:

    A) variable controlling.

    B) random assignment.

    C) representative sampling.

    D) stratification.
  39. According to Professor Fayad, we like people who like us because their affection for us boosts our own self-esteem. His idea is an example of:

    A) naturalistic observation.

    B) illusory correlation.

    C) hindsight bias.

    D) the false consensus effect.

    E) a theory.
  40. After she was painfully deceived by her boyfriend, Mary concluded that men just can't be trusted. In this instance, Mary ought to remind herself that reasonable generalizations depend on:

    A) observing representative samples.

    B) recognizing that others may not share our opinions.

    C) distinguishing causation from mere correlation.

    D) realizing that random events may not look random.
  41. During the past month, Henri and Sylvia each ate 10 candy bars, while Jerry ate 8, Tricia ate 6, and Tahli ate only 1. The mean number of candy bars eaten by these individuals was:

    A) 1.

    B) 5.

    C) 7.

    D) 8.

    E) 10.
  42. The standard deviation for a set of scores allow the researcher to know

    a whether the results are significant
    b whether the mean is typical for that set of scores
    c the score that was most often received
    d the score that represents the midpoint of the
  43. Subjects in the control group received a mean score of 77. Before Dr. Janeway can say whether the new technique was superior in this study, she must

    a calculate the statistical significance of the results to evaluate the probability that this result could have happened by chance
    b conduct a meta-analysis
    c calculate the statistical significance to determine the real-world importance
    d conduct a longitudinal study to see if the improved learning lasts
  44. Anton is applying for a technician's job with a neurosurgeon. In trying to impress his potential employer with his knowledge of the brain, he says, "After my father's stroke I knew immediately that the blood clot had affected his left cerebral hemisphere because he no longer recognized a picture of his friend." Should Anton be hired?

    A) Yes. Anton obviously understands brain structure and function.

    B) No. The right hemisphere, not the left, specializes in picture recognition.

    C) Yes. Although blood clots never form in the left hemisphere, Anton should be rewarded for recognizing the left hemisphere's role in picture recognition.

    D) No. Blood clots never form in the left hemisphere, and the right hemisphere is more involved than the left in recognizing pictures.
  45. Alicia suffered a brain disease that destroyed major portions of her temporal lobes. Alicia is most likely to suffer some loss of:

    A) auditory perception.

    B) hunger and thirst.

    C) pain sensations.

    D) muscular coordination.
  46. Seeing is to hearing as the ________ lobes are to the _______ lobes.

    A) frontal; temporal

    B) occipital; parietal

    C) frontal; parietal

    D) occipital; temporal
  47. . Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?

    A) thalamus

    B) amygdala

    C) medulla

    D) hippocampus

    E) cerebellum
  48. After Greg's serious motorcycle accident, doctors detected damage to his cerebellum. Greg is most likely to have difficulty:

    A) experiencing intense emotions.

    B) reading a book.

    C) understanding what others are saying.

    D) tasting the flavors of foods.

    E) playing his guitar.
  49. Your brother has been taking prescription medicine and experiencing a number of unpleasant side effects, including unusually rapid heartbeat and excessive perspiration. It is likely that the medicine is exaggerating activity in the:

    A) reticular formation.

    B) sympathetic nervous system.

    C) parasympathetic nervous system.

    D) amygdala.
  50. Moruzzi and Magoun caused a cat to lapse into a coma by severing neural connections between the cortex and the:

    A) reticular formation.

    B) hypothalamus.

    C) thalamus.

    D) cerebellum.

    E) medulla.
  51. After 3 hours of playing a physically exhausting professional tennis match, Chitra began to experience a sense of physical exhilaration and pleasure. It is likely that her feelings were most directly linked to the release of:

    A) dopamine.

    B) acetylcholine.

    C) endorphins.

    D) insulin.
  52. The part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the movement of your legs when you walk is the:

    A) reticular formation.

    B) sympathetic nervous system.

    C) somatic nervous system.

    parasympathetic nervous system.
  53. A split-brain patient has a picture of a knife flashed to her left hemisphere and that of a fork to her right hemisphere. She will be able to:

    A) identify the fork using her left hand.

    B) identify a knife using her left hand.

    C) identify a knife using either hand.

    D) identify a fork using either hand.
  54. The ___receive messages from other neurons, while the ___carry messages on to other neurons or to muscle or gland cells.

    a cell bodies; dendrites
    b dendrites; axons
    c axons; dendrites
    d myelin sheaths; cell bodies
  55. The cell body

    d determines whether the neuron should fire
    a receives incoming impulses from other neurons
    b speeds the conduction of the neural impulse
    c connects with the synapse
  56. ___nerves carry messages from the receptors in the sense organs to the spinal cord and brain, and ___nerves carry orders from the CNS to the muscles, glands, and organs.

    d Voluntary; involuntary
    a Motor; sensory
    b Sensory; motor
    c Autonomic; sympathetic
  57. Which of the following is a likely effect of damage to the hypothalamus?

    a insomnia
    b disruption of appetite
    c development of aphasia
    d reduced ability to reason
  58. A young man was referred to a neurosurgeon after his frequent bouts of aggression could not be controlled. Diagnostic tests found an inoperable tumor in which location?

    a pons
    b amygdala
    c basal ganglia
    d corpus callosum
  59. A series of MRI scans reveal a tiny tumor on a patient's occipital lobe. It is not cancerous, so the medical team decides not to operate now. However, they want to have a neuropsychologist monitor the patient. What type of test will they recommend to determine if the tumor has grown?

    a a test of strength in the left and right eye
    b a list of words that must be defined
    c a test of memory
    d a vision test
  60. A split brain patient is asked to stare at a spot on a screen. The word base appears to the left of the spot; the word ball appears to the right of the spot. What will the patient say he saw?

    a Ball
    b Base
    c Baseball
    d I can not see anything at all
  61. According to gender schema theory, children become gender-typed because they:

    A) identify most strongly with their same-sex parent.

    B) perceive much of reality in terms of masculinity and femininity.

    C) are unable to assume the perspective of the opposite sex.

    D) grow up in a sexually oppressive family environment.
  62. Because he believes that "real men have no fears," 8-year-old George has difficulty accepting the fact that his father is fearful of losing his job. George's experience is most directly explained by:

    A) social learning theory.

    B) gender schema theory.

    C) evolutionary theory.

    D) behavior genetics theory
  63. Research on personality development indicates that the:

    A) personalities of children are not very similar to the personalities of their biological or adoptive parents.

    B) personalities of children are strikingly similar to the personalities of their natural brothers and sisters.

    C) personalities of adopted children are strikingly similar to the personalities of their adoptive parents.

    D) personalities of adopted children are strikingly similar to the personalities of the other children in their adoptive families
  64. Since the 1960s, Americans have experienced a(n) ________ in rates of depression and a(n) ________ in work hours.

    A) increase; decrease

    B) decrease; increase

    C) increase; increase

    D) decrease; decrease
  65. Of the following, parents are most likely to influence their children's:

    A) temperament.

    B) personality.

    C) faith.

    D) emotional reactivity.
  66. Of the following, parents are most likely to influence their children's:

    A) temperament.

    B) personality.

    C) faith.

    D) emotional reactivity.
  67. Two-year-old Jeremy thinks that if he changed from wearing pants to wearing dresses he could become a girl; he still lacks a stable ______. (Answer: gender identity)

    7. Which statement about gender schemas is false?

    A) They are present in early form by age one

    B) They are permanent conceptualizations of what it means to be masculine or feminine.

    C) They eventually expand to include many meanings and associations with being male and female.
  68. Ivan Pavlov pioneered the study of:
    a. Learning
    b. Perception
    c. Personality
    d. Mental illness
  69. The first woman to receive a Ph. D. in psychology wrote an influential book The Animal Mind. Her name was:
    a. Mary Whiton Calkins
    b. Rosalie Rayner
    c. Margaret Floy Washburn
    d. Jean Piaget
  70. Research participants were asked to monitor and report their own immediate sensory reactions to differently colored objects. This research involved a technique known as
    a. Behavior genetics.
    b. Psychoanalysis.
    c. Massed practice.
    d. Introspection.
  71. Nature is to nurture as ____________ is to __________.
    a. Behavior; mental processes
    b. Psychology; psychiatry
    c. Heredity; experience
    d. Reason; emotion
  72. Efforts to discover whether the intelligence of children is more heavily influenced by their biology or their home environments are most directly relevant to the debate regarding
    a. Structuralism versus functionalism.
    b. Evolution versus natural selection.
    c. Observation versus introspection.
    d. Nature versus nurture.
  73. Dr. Winkle conducts basic research on the systematic changes in intelligence associated with aging. It is most likely that Dr. Winkle is a(n) ________ psychologist.
    a. Biological
    b. Social
    c. Developmental
    d. Industrial/organizational
  74. Dr. Ochoa develops tests to accurately identify the most qualified job applicants in a large manufacturing firm. Which psychological specialty does Dr. Ochoa’s work best represent?
    a. Developmental psychology
    b. Industrial/organizational psychology
    c. Biological psychology
    d. Clinical psychology
  75. Which specialists are most likely to prescribe a drug for the treatment of a psychological disorder?
    a. Developmental psychologists
    b. Clinical psychologists
    c. Personality psychologists
    d. Psychiatrists
  76. Professor Smith told one class that drinking alcohol has been found to increase sexual desire. He informed another class that drinking alcohol has been found to reduce secual appetite. The fact that neither class was surprised by the information they received best illustrates the power of
    a. Replication.
    b. Hindsight bias.
    c. The double-blind procedure.
    d. The placebo effect.
  77. As scientists, psychologists adopt an attitude of skepticism because they believe that:
    a. People are unlikely to reveal what they are really thinking.
    b. Most common sense ideas about human behavior are wrong.
    c. Claims about human behavior need to be supported with evidence.
    d. Events never occur randomly.
  78. A statement describing how a researcher measures a research variable is known as a(n)
    a. Hypothesis.
    b. Control condition.
    c. Replication.
    d. Operational definition.
  79. After being mistreated by many children in her neighborhood, Mrs. Johnson concluded that kids in today’s society are typically cruel and insensitive. Mrs. Johnson out to remind herself that reasonable generalizations depend on:
    a. Observing representative samples.
    b. Recognizing that others may not share our opinions.
    c. Distinguishing causation from mere correlation.
    d. Realizing that random events may not look random.
  80. In order to learn about the political attitudes of all students enrolled at Arizona Statue University, Professor Marlow randomly selected 800 of these students to complete a questionnaire. In this instance, all the students enrolled at Arizona State University are considered to be a(n):
    a. Independent variable
    b. Representative sample
    c. Control condition
    d. Population
  81. A correlation coefficient is a statistical measure of the:
    a. Difference between the highest and lowest scores in a group.
    b. Extent to which two factors vary together.
    c. Relationship between an independent and dependent variable.
    d. Difference between an experimental group and a control group.
  82. Following the scientific discovery that a specific brain structure is significantly larger in violent individuals than in those who are nonviolent, a news headline announced: "Enlarged Brain Structure Triggers Violent Acts." The headline writer should most clearly be warned about the dangers of:
    a. Perceiving illusory correlations.
    b. Explaining events in hindsight.
    c. Confusing correlation with causation.
    d. Generalizing from unrepresentative samples.
  83. Which of the following research methods would provide the most effective way of demonstrating that watching TV violence causes children to act aggressively?
    a. The experiment
    b. Naturalistic observation
    c. The survey
    d. The case study
  84. Which of the following is most useful for helping survey researchers avoid false generalizations?
    a. The case study
    b. Naturalistic observation
    c. Random sampling
    d. Operational definition
  85. Abdul has volunteered to participate in an experiment evaluating the effectiveness of aspirin. Neither he nor the experimenters know whether the pills he takes during the experiment contain aspirin or are merely placebos. The investigators are apparently making use of:
    a. Naturalistic observation
    b. Illusory correlation
    c. The double-blind procedure
    d. Random sampling
  86. Which technique involves repeating the essence of an earlier research study with different participants and in different circumstances?
    a. Replication
    b. Random sampling
    c. Naturalistic observation
    d. The double-blind procedure.
  87. The dependent variable in an experiment is the factor:
    a. That is directly manipulated by the investigator.
    b. That may be influenced by the experimental treatment.
    c. Whose effect is being studied.
    d. That causes the behavior being studied.
  88. In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ___________ of a single neuron.
    a. dendrites to the axon to the cell body
    b. axon to the cell body to the dendrites
    c. dendrites to the cell body to the axon
    d. axon to the dendrites to the cell body
  89. Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the:
    a. Cell body
    b. Synaptic gap
    c. Myelin sheath
    d. Threshold
  90. The pain of childbirth is most likely to be reduced by the accelerated release of:
    a. Acetylcholine.
    b. Endorphins
    c. Dopamine
    d. Estrogen
  91. When Mr. Valdez thought his 1-year-old daughter had fallen down the stairs, his heartbeat accelerated, his blood pressure rose, and he began to perspire heavily. Mr. Valdez’s state of arousal was activated by his _______ nervous system
    a. Parasympathetic
    b. Sympathetic
    c. Somatic
    d. Central
  92. In which brain structure are nerves from the left side of the brain routed to the right side of the body?
    a. Thalamus
    b. Cerebellum
    c. Amygdala
    d. Brainstem
  93. Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?:
    a. reticular formation.
    b. cerebellum
    c. amygdala
    d. medulla
  94. A loss of physical coordination and balance is most likely to result from damage to the:
    a. Hypothalamus
    b. Cerebellum
    c. Corpus Callosum
    d. Amygdala
  95. The medulla is to the control of _______ as the cerebellum is to the control of ______.
    a. Eating; sleeping
    b. Breathing; walking
    c. Emotion; motivation
    d. Memory; attention
  96. The parietal lobes are to _______ as the occipital lobes are to _______.
    a. Hearing; speaking
    b. Sensing touch; seeing
    c. Tasting; smelling
    d. Speaking; seeing
  97. The cortical regions that are not directly involved in sensory motor functions are known as:
    a. Broca’s area.
    b. Frontal lobes.
    c. Association areas.
    d. Parietal lobes
  98. After Terry lost a finger in an industrial accident, the areas of his sensory cortex devoted to receiving input from that finger gradually became very responsive to sensory input from his adjacent fingers. This best illustrates;
    a. Lesioning.
    b. Aphasia.
    c. Plasticity.
    d. Tomography.
  99. The ability to simultaneously copy different figures with the right and left hand is most characteristic of those whose _________ has been lesioned.
    a. Angular gyrus
    b. Reticular formation
    c. Corpus callosum
    d. Motor cortex
  100. When a person speaks, brain waves and bloodflow are especially likely to reveal increased activity in the
    a. Hypothalamus.
    b. Left hemisphere.
    c. Amygdala.
    d. Right hemisphere.
  101. Research on brain development suggest that repeated learning experiences seem to:
    a. Strengthen neural connections at the location that processes the experiences.
    b. Reduce the number of brain cells needed to effectively process information.
    c. Promote the formation of the brainstem but have no effect on the formation of the cortex.
    d. Have no effect on the structure of neural tissue.
  102. Frank avoids talking with food in his mouth because other people think it is crude and inappropriate. This best illustrates the impact of
    a. individualism.
    b. schemas.
    c. stereotypes.
    d. norms
  103. A person’s sense of being male or female is his or her gender:
    a. Identity.
    b. Role.
    c. Type.
    d. Schema.
  104. The tendency to classify various occupations as masculine or feminine has often led men and women to limit themselves to an unnecessarily restricted range of career options. This best illustrates dynamics emphasized by;
    a. Evolutionary psychologists
    b. Behavior genetics
    c. Gender schema theory
    d. Freudian psychology
  105. In a distribution of test scores, which measure of central tendency would likely be the most affected by a couple of extremely high scores?
    a. Median
    b. Mode
    c. Standard Deviation
    d. Mean
  106. If the points on a scatterplot are clustered in a pattern that extends from lower left to upper right, this would suggest that the two variables depicted are:
    a. Normally distributed
    b. Positively correlated
    c. Negatively correlated
    d. Not correlated
  107. Which of the following correlations between annual income and education level would best enable you to predict annual income on the basis of level of education?
    a. + 0.05
    b. – 0.01
    c. + 0.10
    d. + 0.50