DH radiology quiz 3

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DH radiology quiz 3
2010-09-15 20:59:26
infection control terminology chapter fifteen

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  1. antiseptic
    a substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria. this term is often used to describe handwashing or wound cleansing procedures
  2. Asepsis
    the absence of pathogens, or disease-causing mincroorganisms. This term is often used to describe procedures that prevent infection (aseptic technique)
  3. bloodborne pathogens
    pathogens present in blood that cause disease in humans
  4. disinfect
    the act of disinfecting
  5. exposure incident
    a specific incident that involves contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials and that results from procedures performed by the dental professional
  6. infectious waste
    waste that consists of blood, blood products, contaminated sharps, or other microbiologic products
  7. occupational exposure
    contact with blood or other infectious materials that involves the skin, eye, or mucous membranes and that results fom procedures performed by the dental professional
  8. parental exposure
    exposure to blood or other infectious materials that results from piercing or puncturing the skin barrier (needle-stick injury results in parenteral exposure)
  9. sharp
    any object that can penetrate skin, including but not limited to, needles and scalpels
  10. standard precautions
    measures which integrate and expand the elements of universal precautions into a standard of care designed to protect health care personnel and patients from pathogens that can be spread by blood or any other body fluid, excretion, or secretion
  11. sterilize
    the use of a physical or chemical procedure to destroy all pathogens, including highly resistant bacteria and mycotic spores
  12. sterilization
    th act of sterilizing
  13. universal precautions
    a method of infection control in which all human blood and certain body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens