What philosophy did Lincoln and then Johnson, take towards the South?
Lincoln's philosophy was one of forgiveness. He showed malice towards none.
How did some Congress view Johnson's toward the South?
Some members of Congress thought Johnson was too kind to the South
What were black codes?
Black codes were laws that severely restricted the rights of newly freed African Americans
What is an example of a black code?
No interracial marriage
Who were the Radical Republicansand what did they want?
The Radical Republicans were extremely anti-slavery and furious at Lincoln for his leniency. They wanted an entirely changed South
What is the Ku Klux Klan?
An atrocious, horrendeous group of violent and cruel whites who terrorized African Americans and white sympathists
What was the Klan's response to the polices of the Radical Republicans?
The Klan reacted violently to Radical Republicans' policies. They attacked more blacks.
What was sharecropping?
A system in which a weathly patron gives land and materials in exchange for a percentage of the person's crop.
What a white southerner called a northener who they believed was only in the South to make a profit.
How did the Supreme Court ruling US vs Cruikshank hurt African Americans?
The Supreme Court ruled that non state institutions and indivuals were allowed to be racist. Then the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was nullified. This lead to African American migrating North, scared for their lives.
What challenges faced the African Americans in the North?
They were trapped in low paying jobs. They had poor housing and no voice in government.