Mood Stabilizing Drugs

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  1. Lithium (Eskalith/Lithobid)
    Carbamazepine (Tegretol)
    Clonazepam (Klonopin)
    Divalproex (Depakote)
    Valproic Acid (Depakene)
  2. Lithium Uses:
    Drug of choice for Bipolar Disorder

    Reduces or eliminates manic symptoms and supresses mood swings.
  3. Lithium Side Effects:
    • nausea
    • fine hand tremor
    • polyuria
    • polydipsia
  4. Lithium Toxicity: Serum levels of lithium must be regularly monitored.
    • diarrhea
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • sedation
    • slurred speech
    • confusion
    • loss of coordination
    • seizures
    • coma
    • death
  5. Side Effects: Sodium Levels
    Avoid fluctuation in salt intake.

    Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and other diuretics.

    Because of adverse effects on certain body tissues, contraindicated for people with cardiovascular, kidney, liver, or gastrointestinal problems.
  6. Carbamazepine Uses:
    Effective treatment for Bipolar Disorder for people who haven't responded to lithium.

    More effective than lithium for those who experience frequent mood swings ("rapid cyclers")
  7. Carbamazepine Side Effects:
    • dizziness
    • ataxia
    • visual disturbances
    • anorexia
    • nausea
    • rash
    • cardiovascular functioning (contraindicated for people with cardiac conduction)

    *Careful blood monitoring is required.
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35374
Card Set
Mood Stabilizing Drugs
Description
Drugs, Uses, Side Effects
Updated
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