Mood Stabilizing Drugs
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Valproic Acid (Depakene)
Drug of choice for Bipolar Disorder
Reduces or eliminates manic symptoms and supresses mood swings.
Lithium Side Effects:
- fine hand tremor
Lithium Toxicity: Serum levels of lithium must be regularly monitored.
- slurred speech
- loss of coordination
Side Effects: Sodium Levels
Avoid fluctuation in salt intake.
Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and other diuretics.
Because of adverse effects on certain body tissues, contraindicated for people with cardiovascular, kidney, liver, or gastrointestinal problems.
Effective treatment for Bipolar Disorder for people who haven't responded to lithium.
More effective than lithium for those who experience frequent mood swings ("rapid cyclers")
Carbamazepine Side Effects:
- visual disturbances
- cardiovascular functioning (contraindicated for people with cardiac conduction)
*Careful blood monitoring is required.
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