praxis.txt

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praxis.txt
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  1. "Mademoiselle Pogany"
    Brancusi
  2. Sculpted five images of Mademoiselle Pogany over two decades; used no detail in sculptures
    Brancusi
  3. What movement: Brancusi
    Modernism
  4. "Nude Descending a Staircase"
    DuChamp
  5. invented frottage rubbings
    DuChamp
  6. What movement: DuChamp
    Dada
  7. Expressionist who focused on suffering and the poor
    Kollowitz
  8. What movement: Kollowitz
    Expressionism
  9. "Dance"
    Matisse
  10. Used simplified forms and only three colors to portray the essence of joyful movement
    Matisse
  11. Master of the "arabesque"
    Matisse
  12. Later in his career, did paper cutout collages
    Matisse
  13. What movement: Matisse
    Fauvism/Modernism
  14. "Les Desmoiselles d'Avignon"
    Picasso
  15. What movement: Picasso
    Cubism
  16. Founded the Blue Rider
    Kandinsky
  17. First to abandon any reference to recognizable reality in his work
    Kandinsky
  18. Made "compositions" and "improvisations"
    Kandinsky
  19. What movement: Kandinsky
    Expressionism
  20. Social realist who used art to highlight injustice & motivate reform. Black Mountain School.
    Shahn
  21. What movement: Shahn
    Social Realism
  22. What movement: Manet
    Impressionism
  23. "The Fifer"
    Manet
  24. Life-size bird illustrations
    Audobon
  25. "Art for art's sake"
    Whistler
  26. Experimented in decorative design; precursor to modern abstraction
    Whistler
  27. What movement: Whistler
    Realism
  28. What movement: Daumier
    Realism
  29. "Third Class Carriage"
    Daumier
  30. What movement: Bonheur
    Realism
  31. Leading animal painter
    Bonheur
  32. One of the first women's rights advocates
    Bonheur
  33. What movement: Delacroix
    Romanticism
  34. Led Romanticism after Gericault's death
    Delacroix
  35. "Liberty Leading the People"
    Delacroix
  36. This painting represents the progressive unification of the social classes in France ready to rise up and usurp the power of the monarchs
    "Liberty Leading the People" by Delacroix (Romanticism)
  37. "Death of Marat"
    David
  38. What movement: David
    Neo-classicism
  39. Received his first training in the Byzantine style
    El Greco
  40. Used unnatural light of uncertain origin and harsh colors, distorted & elongated figures
    El Greco
  41. What movement: El Greco
    Mannerism
  42. Byzantine artist who created religious egg tempera paintings on wooden panels
    Duccio
  43. What movement: Duccio
    Byzantine
  44. Based his paintings on ancient myths, history and greek sculpture, but refused to paint "flying saints"
    Poussin
  45. What movement: Poussin
    Baroque
  46. "the Holy Trinity" fresco in the Dominican church of Santa Maria Novella
    Massacio
  47. What movement: Massacio
    Renaissance
  48. Early founder of renaissance painting, nicknamed "Sloppy Tom"
    Massacio
  49. Mastery of perspective and use of single, constant light source
    Massacio
  50. Illuminated "the Book of Kells" and the "Book of Hours"
    The Limbourg Brothers
  51. What movement: Chagall
    Dada
  52. What movement: Di Chirico
    Dada
  53. "Judith Beheading Holofernes"
    Caravaggio
  54. What movement: Caravaggio
    Baroque
  55. Known for realistic royal portraits; humanized people and didn't use fussy accessories
    Velazquez
  56. What movement: Velazquez
    Baroque
  57. Known for loose brushstrokes that up close, appear to melt into blurred dabs
    Velazquez
  58. "Fat is beautiful"
    Ruebens
  59. Invented "hunting picture" genre
    Reubens
  60. Painted story quilts
    Ringgold
  61. What movement: Ruebens
    Baroque
  62. What movement: Bearden
    Harlem Renaissance
  63. Portrayed street card games, children taking piano lessons, roosters, washtubs and voodoo women
    Bearden
  64. "party paintings"; frilly and lighthearted
    Fragonard
  65. What movement: Fragonard
    Rococo
  66. portrayed German and Jewish history from ancient times through the Holocaust
    Keifer
  67. What movement: Keifer
    Modernism
  68. "Birth of Venus"
    Boticelli
  69. Decorative linear style; tiptoeing maidens; throwback to Byzantine Art
    Boticelli
  70. What movement: Boticelli
    Renaissance
  71. 100 Self portraits
    Rembrandt
  72. What movement: Rembrandt
    Baroque
  73. Large scale pornographic black and white photos
    Mapplethorpe
  74. Unprecedented nude self-portraits
    Becker
  75. What movement: Becker
    Expressionism
  76. African-American social realist; depicted flattened and abstract struggles of blacks
    Lawrence
  77. What movement: Lawrence
    Harlem Renaissance
  78. Influenced by Tanner; semi-abstract, flat forms, hard edges, geometric shapes; bands of color radiate from the important objects in each painting
    Douglas
  79. What movement: Douglas
    Harlem Renaissance
  80. Part of a 2 man team called SAMO
    Basquiat
  81. What movement: Basquiat
    Neo-Expressionism
  82. "Still life with wine glass and oysters"
    Claesz
  83. What movement: Giacometti
    Modernism
  84. Elongated sculpture inspired by African Art
    Giacometti
  85. Aussie Photojournalist; member of MAGNUM
    Lessing
  86. Invented term "l'art brut"
    DuBuffet
  87. Incorporated mud, ashes, chicken poop & built up a thick surface-then scratched in designs
    DuBuffet
  88. What movement: DuBuffet
    Expressionism
  89. First important black painter, taught by who?
    Tanner-Eakins
  90. What movement: Tanner
    Realism
  91. What movement: Van Eyck
    Rensaissance
  92. Invented oil painting
    Van Eyck
  93. Earliest known painting where the sitter looked @ the spectator
    Van Eyck
  94. Known for strong colors and convincing portrayal of texture
    Titian
  95. What movement: Titian
    Renaissance
  96. One of the first to abandon wood panels
    Titian
  97. Worked with Church as "Lewis and Clark"
    Bierdstadt
  98. Huge 9x12 canvases; drama king
    Bierstadt
  99. What movement: Bierstadt
    Romanticism
  100. What movement: Cole
    Romanticism
  101. Leader of the Hudson River School
    Cole
  102. Brushstrokes were dots and dashes of primary colors--gave movement to sky and water. Created Fauvism and was an early Cubist.
    Derain
  103. Created Fauvism
    Derain
  104. Crystal palace is made of
    iron and glass
  105. Held the first World's Fair in London
    Crystal Palace
  106. First skyscraper
    NYC's equitable building
  107. "Less is more"
    Van Der Rohe
  108. Style with dramatic illumination and use of chiarrascuro. Caravaggio and El Greco.
    Tenebrism
  109. Durand-Ruel
    French art dealer associated with the impressionists
  110. aka Action Painting
    Abstract Expressionism
  111. aka The New York School
    Abstract Expressionism, action painting
  112. Sloan was a newspaper sketch artist associated with which group?
    Ashcan School
  113. Bellows was an ex-baseball player associated with which group?
    Ashcan School
  114. Aka the American Scene School
    Regionalism
  115. What movement: Grant Wood
    Regionalism
  116. Robert Smithson
    Spiral Jetty
  117. Another name for a buddhist temple
    stupa
  118. an exhibit in NY in 1913 that introduced Paris-based Modernism to America
    Armory Show
  119. low-relief sculpture that projects slightly from a background
    bas-relief
  120. the use of light and shadow to create a focal point or mood
    chiaroscuro
  121. The S-curve or twist of a human figure caused by placing the weight on one foot
    Contrapposto
  122. a printmaking method in which line is drawn with a sharp pointed tool, creating burrs on the printing plate
    drypoint
  123. Pigment mixed with melted wax and resin, then applied to a surface while hot
    encaustic
  124. the technique of painting into freshly laid plaster
    fresco
  125. a watercolor medium made more brilliant by the addition of finely ground white pigment
    gouache
  126. the decoration of manuscript pages, often with gold leaf and brilliant colors
    illumination
  127. the thick, textured build-up of a picture's surface through repeated applications of paint
    impasto
  128. Damp paper pressed into the inked etched or engraved lines of a metal printing plate
    intaglio
  129. a soft, smoky, hazy appearance with blurred images
    sfumato
  130. mixture of glue, whiting, and water used as an undercoat for a painting
    gesso
  131. added to acrylic paint as an extender for thick, transparent glazes; increases gloss and handling time
    gel medium
  132. a first firing of clay without glazes
    bisque
  133. low-fire pottery, usually red or tan
    earthenware
  134. clay in unfired state
    greenware
  135. firing with insufficient oxygen, causes interesting color changes in glazes
    reduction firing
  136. scratching designs through colored slip to reveal the body color
    sgraffito
  137. clay diluted with water to the consistency of cream; used for joining or as an engobe
    slip
  138. the application of melted wax to the foot or body of a clay object to resist glaze
    wax resist
  139. mixture of clay and glaze with a specific, predetermined melting point; used in firing
    cone
  140. a flat plaster of Paris block for drying clay
    bat
  141. the principle in oil painting that suggests each layer of paint should contain more oil than the one beneath
    "fat over lean"
  142. Icocephaly
    having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level
  143. Croquis
    to make a quick sketch
  144. Tessera
    one of the small pieces used in mosaic work
  145. esquisse
    the first sketch of a picture or model of a statue
  146. traditional sizing for fabric support on panels
    rabbit skin glue
  147. What movement: Gainsborough
    Baroque
  148. A method of etching that relies on flecks of material such as sprinkled powdered resin or spraypaint; used to prevent acid from eating certain areas
    aquatint
  149. printing process that creates prints when a greasy crayon is used to draw an image or design on a stone which is then wet with water and inked by a roller
    lithography
  150. Used natural color, stippled with white
    Constable
  151. Calder did what type of sculpture?
    mobiles
  152. What would you mix acrylic paint with to make a glaze?
    Gel medium
  153. Two secondary colors mixed together make...
    brown
  154. Sculpture
    addition, subtraction, substitution and manipulation
  155. What type of architecture was used to build Stonehenge?
    post and lintel
  156. Who was known for painting large-scale passport photos of friends?
    Close
  157. What would not be seen in a typical western watercolor?
    Black line
  158. Mexican Diego Rivera was known for painting what?
    Social Murals
  159. What can be added to Plaster of Paris to reduce density?
    Pumice
  160. Which building was the start of the Baroque period?
    Versailles
  161. Benin sculpture is in what medium?
    Wood and bronze
  162. Charcoal pens are made of what?
    Willow branches
  163. The Hagia Sophia's large interior space is possible via what type of architectural feature?
    Pendentive
  164. Who created the first bronze statue since Roman times?
    Donatello-David
  165. David: What movement?
    Renaissance
  166. What era was characterized by these words: heroic, turbulent, poetic
    Romanticism
  167. even heat distribution, durable, cut resistant
    stoneware

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