Card Set Information
Sculpted five images of Mademoiselle Pogany over two decades; used no detail in sculptures
What movement: Brancusi
"Nude Descending a Staircase"
invented frottage rubbings
What movement: DuChamp
Expressionist who focused on suffering and the poor
What movement: Kollowitz
Used simplified forms and only three colors to portray the essence of joyful movement
Master of the "arabesque"
Later in his career, did paper cutout collages
What movement: Matisse
"Les Desmoiselles d'Avignon"
What movement: Picasso
Founded the Blue Rider
First to abandon any reference to recognizable reality in his work
Made "compositions" and "improvisations"
What movement: Kandinsky
Social realist who used art to highlight injustice & motivate reform. Black Mountain School.
What movement: Shahn
What movement: Manet
Life-size bird illustrations
"Art for art's sake"
Experimented in decorative design; precursor to modern abstraction
What movement: Whistler
What movement: Daumier
"Third Class Carriage"
What movement: Bonheur
Leading animal painter
One of the first women's rights advocates
What movement: Delacroix
Led Romanticism after Gericault's death
"Liberty Leading the People"
This painting represents the progressive unification of the social classes in France ready to rise up and usurp the power of the monarchs
"Liberty Leading the People" by Delacroix (Romanticism)
"Death of Marat"
What movement: David
Received his first training in the Byzantine style
Used unnatural light of uncertain origin and harsh colors, distorted & elongated figures
What movement: El Greco
Byzantine artist who created religious egg tempera paintings on wooden panels
What movement: Duccio
Based his paintings on ancient myths, history and greek sculpture, but refused to paint "flying saints"
What movement: Poussin
"the Holy Trinity" fresco in the Dominican church of Santa Maria Novella
What movement: Massacio
Early founder of renaissance painting, nicknamed "Sloppy Tom"
Mastery of perspective and use of single, constant light source
Illuminated "the Book of Kells" and the "Book of Hours"
The Limbourg Brothers
What movement: Chagall
What movement: Di Chirico
"Judith Beheading Holofernes"
What movement: Caravaggio
Known for realistic royal portraits; humanized people and didn't use fussy accessories
What movement: Velazquez
Known for loose brushstrokes that up close, appear to melt into blurred dabs
"Fat is beautiful"
Invented "hunting picture" genre
Painted story quilts
What movement: Ruebens
What movement: Bearden
Portrayed street card games, children taking piano lessons, roosters, washtubs and voodoo women
"party paintings"; frilly and lighthearted
What movement: Fragonard
portrayed German and Jewish history from ancient times through the Holocaust
What movement: Keifer
"Birth of Venus"
Decorative linear style; tiptoeing maidens; throwback to Byzantine Art
What movement: Boticelli
100 Self portraits
What movement: Rembrandt
Large scale pornographic black and white photos
Unprecedented nude self-portraits
What movement: Becker
African-American social realist; depicted flattened and abstract struggles of blacks
What movement: Lawrence
Influenced by Tanner; semi-abstract, flat forms, hard edges, geometric shapes; bands of color radiate from the important objects in each painting
What movement: Douglas
Part of a 2 man team called SAMO
What movement: Basquiat
"Still life with wine glass and oysters"
What movement: Giacometti
Elongated sculpture inspired by African Art
Aussie Photojournalist; member of MAGNUM
Invented term "l'art brut"
Incorporated mud, ashes, chicken poop & built up a thick surface-then scratched in designs
What movement: DuBuffet
First important black painter, taught by who?
What movement: Tanner
What movement: Van Eyck
Invented oil painting
Earliest known painting where the sitter looked @ the spectator
Known for strong colors and convincing portrayal of texture
What movement: Titian
One of the first to abandon wood panels
Worked with Church as "Lewis and Clark"
Huge 9x12 canvases; drama king
What movement: Bierstadt
What movement: Cole
Leader of the Hudson River School
Brushstrokes were dots and dashes of primary colors--gave movement to sky and water. Created Fauvism and was an early Cubist.
Crystal palace is made of
iron and glass
Held the first World's Fair in London
NYC's equitable building
"Less is more"
Van Der Rohe
Style with dramatic illumination and use of chiarrascuro. Caravaggio and El Greco.
French art dealer associated with the impressionists
aka Action Painting
aka The New York School
Abstract Expressionism, action painting
Sloan was a newspaper sketch artist associated with which group?
Bellows was an ex-baseball player associated with which group?
Aka the American Scene School
What movement: Grant Wood
Another name for a buddhist temple
an exhibit in NY in 1913 that introduced Paris-based Modernism to America
low-relief sculpture that projects slightly from a background
the use of light and shadow to create a focal point or mood
The S-curve or twist of a human figure caused by placing the weight on one foot
a printmaking method in which line is drawn with a sharp pointed tool, creating burrs on the printing plate
Pigment mixed with melted wax and resin, then applied to a surface while hot
the technique of painting into freshly laid plaster
a watercolor medium made more brilliant by the addition of finely ground white pigment
the decoration of manuscript pages, often with gold leaf and brilliant colors
the thick, textured build-up of a picture's surface through repeated applications of paint
Damp paper pressed into the inked etched or engraved lines of a metal printing plate
a soft, smoky, hazy appearance with blurred images
mixture of glue, whiting, and water used as an undercoat for a painting
added to acrylic paint as an extender for thick, transparent glazes; increases gloss and handling time
a first firing of clay without glazes
low-fire pottery, usually red or tan
clay in unfired state
firing with insufficient oxygen, causes interesting color changes in glazes
scratching designs through colored slip to reveal the body color
clay diluted with water to the consistency of cream; used for joining or as an engobe
the application of melted wax to the foot or body of a clay object to resist glaze
mixture of clay and glaze with a specific, predetermined melting point; used in firing
a flat plaster of Paris block for drying clay
the principle in oil painting that suggests each layer of paint should contain more oil than the one beneath
"fat over lean"
having the heads of all figures on approximately the same level
to make a quick sketch
one of the small pieces used in mosaic work
the first sketch of a picture or model of a statue
traditional sizing for fabric support on panels
rabbit skin glue
What movement: Gainsborough
A method of etching that relies on flecks of material such as sprinkled powdered resin or spraypaint; used to prevent acid from eating certain areas
printing process that creates prints when a greasy crayon is used to draw an image or design on a stone which is then wet with water and inked by a roller
Used natural color, stippled with white
Calder did what type of sculpture?
What would you mix acrylic paint with to make a glaze?
Two secondary colors mixed together make...
addition, subtraction, substitution and manipulation
What type of architecture was used to build Stonehenge?
post and lintel
Who was known for painting large-scale passport photos of friends?
What would not be seen in a typical western watercolor?
Mexican Diego Rivera was known for painting what?
What can be added to Plaster of Paris to reduce density?
Which building was the start of the Baroque period?
Benin sculpture is in what medium?
Wood and bronze
Charcoal pens are made of what?
The Hagia Sophia's large interior space is possible via what type of architectural feature?
Who created the first bronze statue since Roman times?
David: What movement?
What era was characterized by these words: heroic, turbulent, poetic
even heat distribution, durable, cut resistant