Musical Theatre Prac1
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Musical Theatre Prac1
practice musical theatre exam one
Survey to Musical Theatre Practice Exam 1
Who is the overall head of the production and has "the final say?"
Who writes the words to the songs?
Who stages the play and gives the actors their blocking?
Who writes the storyline and the book of a musical?
True or False: The Lyricist and the composer are always the same person.
Who stages the dances?
Who is responsible for designing the enviroment of a production -- the place?
The Set Designer
Who works directly with the: actors/singers/dancers to teach and interpret the
music of a production?
The Music Director
Who leads the orchestra in the pit?
Who writes the melodies, harmonies, and accompaniment?
Who finances the production either by their own money or through investors
Who writes the dialogue for the characters?
What is a person who invests money in a production called?
Investors or Angels
Who is frequently responsible or the "vision" or "concept" of a production?
Who designs the clothing worn by the actors in a production?
The Costume Designer
Who hires the creative team for a production?
The dialogue of the play is referred to as what?
What is another name for the book and lyrics?
What is a person who writes a libretto called
True or False: A composer always writes the orchestration of the music.
this person is the orchestrator and may or may not be the composer.
Who picks the actors?
The Director (sometimes with the input of the producer, choreographer, music director, or other creative team members)
Who is responsible for coordinating the designs and actors?
True or False: 534 BCE is when al theatre began.
it is the official beginning of WESTERN theatre
What does BCE mean?
Before the Common Era
This may be the same as:
BC - Before Christ
So does Western theatre officially begin in the 6th century BC or AD?
The first dramatic festivals were sponsored by what city-state?
What were the theatre festivals of Athens called?
The City Dionysia
In what centuries were these festivals held?
4th and 5th Centuries BCE
True or False: The chorus usually had 100 members.
FALSE - 24 chorus members
Who was obliged have the chorus trained?
Who was responsible for the masks and costumes>
How many women were in a Greek Chorus?
None - all men
How many lead actors were there?
Three to five
True or False: The acting style of Greek Tragedy was very naturalistic.
FALSE - it was stylized.
True or False: Greek actors were amateurs.
FALSE - they had intense training in both voice and dance.
Who paid the salaries of the actors?
Actors were typecast by their ______?
True or False: Male actors played female roles.
True or False: Actors played multiple roles in a play
How did they do this?
By changing masks and sometimes costumes
True or False: Actors used standard gestures and poses recognizable by the audience.
What were the three types of Greek plays?
Tragedies, Comedies, and Satyr plays
What was the structure of each entry in the City Dionysia?
Three plays by the same playwright followed by a 4th play that ridiculed the previous three.
True or False: The playwright was obliged to write all four plays for an entry.
FALSE - He had to write the first three; the 4th was frequently written by someone else.
Which plays were burlesque treatments of mythology?
The Satyr plays (the 4th play)
In Greek Comedy when did the various acts
(similar to vaudeville - songs, dances, chorus girls, animal acts, magicians, jugglers, etc.)
Between the sections of the Greek Comedy plays
True or False: We have records of exactly what Greek choreography looked like.
FALSE - actual movement is unknown
What instruments accompanied the dancing?
and sometimes Drums.
What is the term for "god from the machine" or "god in a machine"?
Deus ex machina
deus ex machina
mean "a turntable"?
NO ! ! !
What is the MODERN definition of this term?
A contrived ending
True or False: Greek New Comedy was edgier and more political than Greek Old Comedy.
FALSE - political satire was eliminated.
Which had more complicated plots - Old or New Comedy?
What happens to the singing chorus in New Comedy?
Do you find socially orientated domestic stories in Old or New Comedy?
True or False: Stock characters emerge in Old Comedy.
FALSE - they emerge in New Comedy
Who stated in his "Republic" that poets (playwrights) tell corrupting lies about men and the gods?
Why was this?
He believed the way the theatre portrayed everything would have been easily believed by the public.
Who refuted this position in his "Poetics?"
What was his claim?
That the people weren't as stupid as Plato sought them out to be.
______ presents men worse than they are.
______ presents men better than they are.
In which plays would you find the stories of the lives of "noble persons?"
In which plays would you find the stories of ordinary people?
The early Roman empire was mostly concerned with ___?
W A R
True or False: In the early empire, there was little theatre and little literature.
What form contained abusive and obscene festival verses and stock characters?
ex. Madea in Greek theatre would kill and curse off stage, Romans would give you a visual of the children being killed.
Whose plays did the Romans steal as the basis for their plays?
Who developed the Roman rules for drama in "Ars Poetica" - "The Art of Poetry?"
True or False: Roman mime was performed in masks?
FALSE - performed without masks
True or False: Women performed in mimes.
What are three things that Roman playwright PLAUTUS introduced into his plays?
More elaborate plots
MUCH more "song and dance"
He assigned material directly to the chorus
What was the main reason for Roman theatre?
S P E C T A C L E
Who condemned the Roman theatre's arousal of passions and thought theatre sought to destroy Roman manners and morality?
In what work?
What were some of the Romans innovations in the theatre?
First air conditioning
First tap shoes
First extended orchestrations
First reserved seats
First lip-synched performances
What was a "claquer?"
Someone hired to applaud and cheer in an audience
What institution thought theatre was immoral and issued edicts forbidding it?
The Roman Catholic Church
Where did the performances go?
They took to the streets and began traveling throughout Europe.
What were the two physical structures used at the churches to stage biblical stories?
Pageant Wagons and Mansions
True or False: This period used exclusively professional actors.
FALSE - this was the heyday of the amateur performer
True or False: The professional spotlight was developed in this period.
What does "renaissance" mean?
Rebirth - it was the reawakened interest in all the arts.
What form started in Italy and included stock characters and was lively and vulgar?
True or False: In Commedia Dell-Arte, actors specialized in one type of character.
Commedia performers sometimes used slapsticks.
Actors in Commedia wore _____ and _____ that identified the characters.
Actors in Commedia wore
masks and costumes
that identified the characters.
Acting styles became more naturalistic as the productions _____.
What technical advancement allowed the plays to be performed indoors and at night?
The first articial lights - oil lamps
Who raised comedy to the stature of tragedy?
True or False: Moleire's plays demanded an extremely naturalistic performance style.
FALSE - they demanded a broad, farcical style
True or False: Women played all female roles in Moleire's plays.
FALSE - men still played the older female roles.
Who commissioned lavish "comedy ballets?"
King Louis XIV
Who originally performed in these pieces?
Who took over those roles?
In 1642, what happened that caused the theatres to close?
The puritans took control of the government
True or False: The "Restoration" period refers to royalty being "restored" to the throne of England.
What were the two distinct forms of "musical theatre" in France in this period?
Popular Entertainments and Comic Opera
Which form included fairytales, fantasticall spectacles, and burlesques?
Popular Entertainments (in France&&England - 1700s)
What is a "pasticcio" score?
Borrowed tunes, popular melodies, pilfered musical pieces - often with new lyrics - a score that is "scotch taped" together from different sources
What was the most famous ENGLISH-language Popular Entertainent:
"The Newgate Pastoral" -
better known as "the Beggar's Opera"
Who wrote the libretto for "the Beggar's Opera?"
What was the subject matter of the piece?
Corruption in high places ... social and politcal satire ... a tale of lowlife thieves and prostitutes.
True or False: Dr. Pepusch wrote the music for the score of "the Beggar's Opera."
FALSE - he borrowed popular melodies and upmarket music (Handel, Purcell, Italian operas)
True or False: John Gay wrote new lyrics for this music.
Which form of musical theatre in this period had written specifically for the productions?
What is one of the main distinctions between grand opera and comic opera?
Comic opera had music AND dialogue
Who was the manager of the Gaiety Theatre in London?
What playwright and composer did he bring together to write a Christmas piece?
William Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan
What was the name of that piece?
True or False: Thespis burlesqued Greek mythology.
What was the first international success of Gilbert and Sullivan?
(or the Lass that Loved a Sailor)
True or False: This work was rehearsed French humor and situations.
FALSE - distinctly British in flavor and humor
True or False: Gilbert and Sullivan were known for their suggestive lyrics and sexual innuedo.
FALSE - They were known for their productions containing "good clean fun"
True or False: Gilbert and Sullivan were known for witty dialogue and brilliant burlesque humor.
Who was the producer that moved Gilbert and Sullivan works to the Savoy Theatre?
Richard D'oyly Carte
What did the Gilbert and Sullivan works became known as after this move?
The Savoy Operas
True or False: Eventually Gilbert and Sullivan developed their own style and no longer simply parodied styles of the period.
True or False: Eventually Gilbert and Sullivan cleverly conocted plots
TRUE - they may seemcorny to us, but not to their audiences.
What was the longest-running of the Gilbert and Sullivan comic operas?