AP Lab Exam 1

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katydurkin
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35717
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AP Lab Exam 1
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2010-09-21 18:40:16
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AP Lab Exam
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Exam 1
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  1. What is the name of the membrane lining the most of the organs within the abdominal cavity?
    visceral peritoneum
  2. What is the name of the membrane lining the walls of the pleural cavity?
    parietal pleura
  3. What is the body cavity in which the stomach and urinary bladder are both located?
    abdominopelvic cavity
  4. The term "otic" refers to which region of the body?
    the ear
  5. The term "vertebral" refers to which region of the body?
    the spinal column
  6. The term "orbital" refers to which region of the body?
    the eye
  7. The spine is ----- to the belly-button.
    posterior
  8. The knee is ----- to the foot.
    proximal
  9. The thumb is ----- to the little finger.
    lateral
  10. The head is ----- to the chest.
    superior
  11. A plane of section that runs perpendicular to the long axis of the body and divides it into superior and inferior portions is called a ----- section.
    transverse
  12. If you are using an objective lens with a power of 100X and ocular lenses with a power of 10X, the total magnification of the specimen will be -----X.
    1000
  13. Which objective lens has the greater depth of field: 100X or 40X?
    40X
  14. Which objective lens has the greater working distance: 10X or 40X?
    10X
  15. stage controls
  16. The ability to discriminate two closely spaced objects as separate is
    resolution
  17. What cytoskeletal elements are stable and resist mechanical forces acting on the cell?
    intermediate filaments
  18. What mebranous vesicles contain acid hydrolases and serve to digest worn-out organelles and foreign substances that enter the cell?
    lysosomes
  19. nucleus
  20. Golgi apparatus
  21. The nuclear membrane disappears during which phase of mitosis?
    late prophase
  22. The chromatin condenses during which phase of mitosis?
    early prophase
  23. prophase
  24. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing a hard, calcified matrix and populated primarily by osteocytes?
    osseous connective tissue (bone)
  25. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing elastin fibers and populated primarily by chondrocytes?
    elastic cartilage
  26. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing collagen fibers arranged in one direction and populated primarily by chondrocytes?
    fibrous cartilage
  27. Name two criteria by which connective tissues are classified?
    cell type, arrangement of protein fibers
  28. If an epithelial tissue is composed primarily of cells that are higher than they are wide, it is classified as a ___________ epithelium.
    columnar
  29. What do we call an epithelial tissue that is many cell layers thick and is composed of flattened cells?
    stratified squamous epithelium
  30. What do we call an epithelial tissue that is composed of many layers of cells that change their shape depending on the degree of stretching of the organ?
    transitional epithelium
  31. What do we call a muscular tissue in which the cells are striated, multinucleate, and parallel to one another?
    skeletal muscle tissue
  32. What primary type of tissue occurs along a body surface?
    epithelial tissue
  33. What are the primary functional cells of nervous tissue called?
    neurons
  34. What are the supporting cells of nervous tissue called?
    neuroglia
  35. Identify one location where mesenchyme is found.
    embryo
  36. Identify one location in the body where areolar connective tissue is found.
    around organs and capillaries
  37. Identify one location in the body where dense regular connective tissue is found.
    tendons, ligaments
  38. Identify one location in the body where simple cuboidal epithelium is found.
    kidney tubules
  39. Identify one location in the body where stratified cuboidal epithelium is found.
    mammary glands
  40. Identify one location in the body where pseudostratified columnar epithelium is found.
    trachea
  41. Identify one location in the body where skeletal muscle tissue is found.
    attached to bones and skin
  42. stratified squamous epithelial tissue
  43. dense irregular connective tissue
  44. elastic cartilage
  45. adipose connective tissue

  46. Identify the indicated region of the epidermis
    stratum basale
  47. internal epithelial root sheath
  48. proximal nail fold

  49. Identify the indicated layer of thick skin.
    stratum lucidum
  50. Pacinian corpuscle
  51. What is the body cavity in which the brain is located (by itself)?
    cranial cavity
  52. What is the name of the wall of muscle that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity?
    diaphragm
  53. What is the name of the membrane lining the organ within the pleural cavity?
    visceral pleura
  54. The term "umbilical" refers to which region of the body?
    the navel or the belly button
  55. The term "axillary" refers to which region of the body?
    the armpit
  56. The term "femoral" refers to which region of the body?
    the thigh
  57. The breast-bone is ----- to the spine.
    anterior
  58. The foot is ----- to the knee.
    distal
  59. The ears are ----- to the nose.
    lateral
  60. The abdomen is ----- to the chest.
    inferior
  61. If you are using an objective lens with a power of 10X and ocular lenses with a power of 10X, the total magnification of the specimen will be -----X.
    100
  62. Which objective lens has the greater depth of field: 100X or 40X?
    40X
  63. Which objective lens has the greater working distance: 4X or 40X?
    4X
  64. The area you view through the microscope is the -----.
    field
  65. What is the membrane that surrounds the internal contents of the cell and provides a boundary between the external environment and the internal cell environment?
    plasma membrane
  66. What membranous system of tubules serves to either store and transport proteins or to synthesize steroids and lipids?
    endoplasmic reticulum
  67. The cell completes its division into two daughter cells during which phase of mitosis?
    cytokinesis
  68. DNA replication occurs during which phase of the cell cycle?
    interphase
  69. Embryonic connective tissue is also known as _____________.
    mesenchyme connective tissue
  70. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing collagen fibers arranged all in one direction and populated primarily by fibroblasts?
    dense regular connective tissue
  71. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing collagen fibers in bundles arranged in many directions and populated primarily by fibroblasts?
    dense irregular connective tissue
  72. Epithelial tissues are classified by what two criteria?
    cell shape and number of layers
  73. If an epithelial tissue is composed primarily of cells that are as high as they are wide, it is classified as a ___________ epithelium.
    cuboidal
  74. What do we call an epithelial tissue that is many cell layers thick and is composed of flattened cells?
    stratified squamous epithelium
  75. What do we call an epithelial tissue that is many cell layers thick and is composed of cells that are higher than they are wide?
    stratified columnar epithelium
  76. What primary type of tissue consists of one or more cell types embedded within a non-living matrix?
    connective tissue
  77. What are the cell junctions between cardiac muscle cells called?
    intercalated discs
  78. Identify one location in the body where reticular connective tissue is found.
    liver
  79. Identify one location in the body where hyaline cartilage is found.
    nose
  80. Identify one location in the body where stratified squamous epithelium is found.
    esophagus
  81. Identify one location in the body where stratified columnar epithelium is found.
    male urethra
  82. Identify one location in the body where smooth muscle tissue is found.
    eyes, skin
  83. centriole
  84. coarse focus knob
  85. telophase
  86. pseudostratified columnar epithelial tissue
  87. cardiac muscle tissue
  88. What is the body cavity in which the heart, lungs, stomach and urinary bladder are all located?
    ventral cavity
  89. The term "crural" refers to which region of the body?
    the leg
  90. The term "cephalic" refers to which region of the body?
    the head
  91. The spine is ----- to the breast-bone.
    posterior
  92. The elbow is ----- to the hand.
    proximal
  93. The little finger is ----- to the thumb.
    medial
  94. The chest is ----- to the head.
    inferior
  95. A plane of section that runs parallel to the long axis of the body and divides it into anterior and posterior portions is called a ----- section.
    frontal
  96. The distance between the bottom of the objective lens and the specimen is the -----.
    working distance
  97. What membranous vesicles contain oxidase enzymes that detoxify alcohol, hydrogen peroxide, and other harmful chemicals?
    peroxisomes
  98. What cytoskeletal element is primarily composed of actin?
    microfilaments
  99. microvilli
  100. What is the body cavity in which the brain and spinal cord are both located?
    dorsal cavity
  101. The term "cervical" refers to which region of the body?
    the neck
  102. The term "carpal" refers to which region of the body?
    the wrist
  103. The term "mental" refers to which region of the body?
    the chin
  104. The spine is ----- to the breast-bone.
    posterior
  105. The shoulder is ----- to the elbow.
    proximal
  106. The thumb is ----- to the little finger.
    lateral
  107. The pelvis is ----- to the chest.
    inferior
  108. A plane of section that runs parallel to the long axis of the body and divides it into right and left portions is called a ----- section.
    sagittal
  109. objective lens
  110. What body, found within the nucleus, containing proteins and RNA, serves to assemble ribosomal particles?
    nucleoli
  111. What membrane bound organelle contains the genetic material that controls the functioning of the cell?
    nucleus
  112. What do we call a loose connective tissue containing reticular fibers?
    reticular connective tissue
  113. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing an amorphous matrix and populated primarily by chondrocytes?
    hyaline cartilage
  114. What do we call a muscular tissue in which the cells are striated, generally uninucleate, and branched?
    cardiac muscle tissue
  115. What primary type of tissue is both excitable and contractile?
    muscle tissue
  116. What are the spaces in which chondrocytes reside called?
    lacunae
  117. Identify one location in the body where elastic cartilage is found.
    external ear
  118. Identify one location in the body where dense irregular connective tissue is found.
    dermis of skin
  119. Identify one location in the body where simple columnar epithelium is found.
    gallbladder
  120. Identify one location in the body where cardiac muscle tissue is found.
    heart
  121. transitional epithelial tissue
  122. stratified columnar epithelial tissue
  123. fibrous cartilage
  124. melanocyte
  125. medulla
  126. nail matrix
  127. stratum basale
  128. (Eccrine) sweat gland
  129. What is the name of the membrane lining the walls of the pericardial cavity?
    parietal pericardium
  130. What is the body cavity in which the urinary bladder is located?
    pelvic cavity
  131. What is the body cavity in which the stomach (but not the urinary bladder) is located?
    abdominal cavity
  132. The term "manus" refers to which region of the body?
    the hand
  133. A plane of section that runs parallel to the long axis of the body and divides it into right and left portions is called a ----- section.
    sagittal
  134. the stage
  135. The nuclear membrane reforms during which phase of mitosis?
    telophase
  136. What do we call a dense connective tissue containing collagen fibers arranged in one direction and populated primarily by chondrocytes?
    fibrous cartilage
  137. What do we call a loose connective tissue containing both collagen and elastin fibers, and in which the primary cell type is the fibroblast?
    areolar connective tissue
  138. What do we call a loose connective tissue containing both collagen and elastin fibers, and in which the primary cell type is the fat cell?
    adipose connective tissue
  139. What do we call a muscular tissue in which the cells are non-striated, uninucleate, and spindle shaped?
    smooth muscle tissue
  140. Identify one location in the body where fibrous cartilage is found.
    knee joint
  141. Identify one location in the body where simple squamous epithelium is found.
    alveoli
  142. Identify one location in the body where nervous tissue is found.
    spinal cord
  143. skeletal muscle tissue
  144. simple cuboidal epithelial tissue
  145. simple squamous epithelial tissue
  146. simple columnar epithelial tissue
  147. dermis
  148. glassy membrane
  149. sebaceous gland

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