First Aid - Repsonding to Emergencies
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1. Given the body systems, give the major structures and the primary functions of each system. Respiratory, Circulatory, Nervous, Musculoskeletal, Integumentary, Endocrine, Digestive, Genitourinary.
- a. Respiratory
- Supplies the body with oxygen and removes carbon dioxide through breathing.
- b. Circulatory
- Blood Vessels
- Transports nutrients and oxygen to body cells and removes waste products.
- c. Nervous
- Spinal Cord
- Transmits messages to and from the brain, and regulates all body systems
- d. Musculoskeletal
- Framework of the body, protects internal organs, allows movement, produces heat,
- manufactures blood components.
- e. Integumentary
- Part of the body’s communication network; helps prevent infection and dehydration,
- assists with temperature regulation, aids in production of certain vitamins.
- f. Endocrine
- Secretes hormones and other substances into the blood and onto the skin.
- g. Digestive
- Breaks down food into a useable form to supply the rest of the body with energy.
- Kidneys and Bladder
- Removes waste from the circulatory system and regulates water balance
- Uterus and Genitalia
- Performs the process of sexual reproduction
2. List the eight steps in checking the unconscious victim, in the correct order.
- a. Tap and shout
- b. Call 911
- c. Roll face up
- d. Open airway (head tilt, chin lift)
- e. Feel for signs of life – 10 seconds (look, listen, feel)
- f. Give two slow rescue breaths
- g. Check for signs of life
- h. Check for severe bleeding
3. List the nine steps in checking the unconscious victim.
- a. Interview
- b. Check head to toe
- c. Check head
- d. Check skin
- e. Check the neck
- f. Check the shoulder
- g. Check the chest and abdomen
- h. Check the arms
- i. Check hips and legs
4. If you are alone at an accident situation, list the medical conditions when you should: Call First (three).
- a. Unconsous adult of adolescent
- b.Unconscious infant or child with high risk heart problems
- c. Witness to a sudden collapse of child or infant
5. A lone rescuer should give two minutes of care before Calling Fast, for the two following medical conditions.
- a. Unwitnessed collates of unconscious person younger than 12
- b. Any drowning victim
6. At what location on the body do you check the pulse for a child and infant?
- a. Child – carotid artery (neck)
- b. Infant - brachial pulse (upper arm)
7. When checking an older conscious, child for non-life-threatening conditions remember these eight steps.
- a. Check before touching
- b. Communicate with parent/guardian
- c. Explain what care you’d like to give
- d. Get eye level
- e. Talk slowly, friendly manner, simple words
- f. Ask questions child can answer
- g. Have parent/guardian hold and comfort child
- h. Examine toe to head
8. When checking an older conscious, adult for non-life-threatening conditions remember these eight steps.
- a. Learn victims name
- b. Get eye level
- c. Locate any health aids, get them back in place
- d. Look in victims face and talk to them
- e. Get info from family or bystanders
- f. Find if any medical conditions or medications
- g. Check for ID bracelets or necklaces for information
- h. Minimize fear for loss of independence
9. At an accident scene, deciding to transport or call 911, you should not transport a victim, if the following three conditions are present.
Aggravate injury or illness or cause more injury risk of developing a life threatening condition, unsurity of nature of injury or illness
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