RAD 110

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Author:
joshmatthew19
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35780
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RAD 110
Updated:
2010-09-19 17:00:44
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UNIT Section
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Description:
Chapters 15-18
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  1. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  2. bluish discoloration of skin & mucous membranes caused by an excess of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood
    cyanotic
  3. instrument for measuring blood pressure
    Sphygmomanometer
  4. difficult or labored breathing
    dyspnea
  5. 1. abnormal rapidity of breathing; respiratory rates greater than 20 breaths per minute (adult)
    a. Common causes – exercise, fever, anxiety, pain, infection, heart failure, chest trauma, decreased O2 in the blood, & central nervous system disease
    Tachypnea
  6. 1. pulmonary ventilation rate greater than that metabolically necessary for gas exchange, resulting from an increased respiration rate, tidal volume, or both. It causes an excessive intake of oxygen & elimination of CO2 & may cause hyperoxygenenation.
    hyperventilation
  7. 1. pertaining to contraction, or a period of contraction, of the heart (myocardium), especially that of the ventricles
    systolic
  8. pertaining to dilation, or a period of dilatation, of the heart, especially of the ventricles
    diastolic
  9. profuse sweating
    diaphoretic
  10. in front of the elbow
    antecubital
  11. 1. rapidity of the heart action, a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute
    a. Common causes – exercise, fever, anemia, respiratory disorders, congestive heart failure, hypoxemia, shock—for increased cellular demands for O2
    b. Pain, anger, fear, anxiety, & medications—stimulus is through nervous system not the demand for O2
    tachycardia
  12. state of profound unconsciousness; abnormally deep sleep
    coma
  13. disorientation regarding time, place, person, or situation. It causes bewilderment, perplexity, lack of orderly thought, & inability to choose or act decisively & perform the activities of daily living.
    confused
  14. pertaining to events, conditions, or behavior that may be considered unreasonable
    irrational
  15. hindrance of an action (movement)
    constraints/restraints
  16. physiologic increase in the diameter of a body opening, blood vessel, or tube.
    dilated
  17. state of mental confusion characterized by inadequate or incorrect perceptions of place, time, or personal identity & relationships
    disoriented
  18. excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition; characterized by an extreme loss of subcutaneous fat that results in abnormally lean body, such as with starvation
    emaciated
  19. 1. pertaining to or resembling jaundice
    icteric
  20. a yellow discoloration of skin, mucous membranes, & sclerae of the eyes caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood
    jaundiced
  21. 1. tough, inelastic white opaque membrane covering the posterior five sixths of the eyebulb. It maintains the size & form of the bulb & attaches to muscles that move the bulb
    sclera
  22. state of unresponsiveness in which a person seems unaware of the surroundings. Occurs in neurologic & psychiatric disorders; person may be totally or almost totally immobile & unresponsive, even to painful stimuli.
    stupor
  23. escape of blood from the vessels; bleeding; loss of a large amount of blood in a short period, either externally or internally
    hemorrhage
  24. characterized by thickening, loss of elasticity, & calcification of arterial walls. It results in decreased blood supply, especially to cerebrum & lower extremities.
    arteriosclerosis
  25. elevation of body temperature above the normal circadian range as a result of an increase in the body’s core temperature
    pyrexia/fever
  26. bleeding from the nose caused by local irritation of mucous membranes, violent sneezing, and fragility of the mucous membrane or of the arterial walls, chronic infection, trauma, hypertension, leukemia, vit. K deficiency or, most often picking the nose
    epitaxis/nosebleed
  27. presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the tissues of the body
    edema
  28. coughing up of blood from the respiratory tract.
    hemoptysis
  29. pertaining to, or characterized by fever
    febrile
  30. abnormal pattern of respiration, characterized by alternating periods of apnea & deep, rapid breathing
    Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR)
  31. 1. State 4 reasons for learning good patient evaluation skills
  32. a. Person needs
    • b. Physician extender
    • c. Prioritize
    • d. Patient monitoring
  33. 97.7-99.5 degree F (36.5-37.5 degree C)
    normal range for oral temperature
  34. 98.6 degree F
    oral temperature
  35. 97.6 degree F
    axillary temperature
  36. 99.6 degree F
    rectal temperature
  37. 99.5 degree F
    Tympanic
  38. 60-100 beats per minute
    normal range for adult pulse (apical side near thumb)
  39. 70-120 beats per minute
    normal range for children under 10 pulses
  40. 70 beats per minute
    average adult pulse
  41. 12-20 breaths per minute
    normal range for adult respiration
  42. 20-30 breaths per minute
    normal range for children respiration
  43. 30-60 breaths per minute
    normal range for newborn respiration
  44. 16 breaths per minute
    average adult respiration
  45. 95-140 mm Hg
    normal range for systolic BP
  46. 60-90 mm Hg
    normal range for diastolic BP

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