Card Set Information
medical vocabulary & abbrevations
anastomosis (anastom - opening; -osis condition usually abnormal)
surgical connection between blood vessels or the joining of one hollow or tubular organ to another
sac formed by a local widening of the wall of an artery usually caused by inury or disease
angioplasty (angi/o - vessel; -plasty surgical repair)
surgical repair of a blood vessel(s) or a nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery
arrhythmia (a - lack of; rrhythm - rhythm; -ia condition)
condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heartbeat
arterial (arter/i - artery; -al pretaining to)
pertaining to an artery
arteriosclerosis (ateri/o - artery; scler - hardening; -osis condition)
condition of hardening of arteries
angiocardiography (angi/o - vessel; cardi/o - heart; -graphy recording)
process of recording the heart and vessels after an intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast medium
atherosclerosis (ather/o - fatty substance, porridge; scler - hardening; -osis condition usually abnormal)
condition of the arteries characterized by the buildup of fatty substances (cholesterol deposits and triglycerides) and hardening of the walls.
auscultation (auscultat - listen to; -ion process)
method of physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to sounds within the chest, abdoment, and other parts of the body
bradycardia (brady- slow; card - heart; -ia condition)
condition of abnormally slow heartbeat that is leass than 60 beats per minute
noise; a sound of venous or arterial origin heard on auscultation
cardiologist (cardi/o - heart; log - study of; -ist one who specializes)
physician who specializes in the study of the heart
cholesterol (chol/e - bile; sterol - solid (fat))
waxy, fatlike substance in the bloodstream of all animals.
claudication (claudicat - to limp; -ion process)
process of lameness or limping
surgical procedure performed to increase blood flow to the myocardium by using a section of a saphenous vein or internal mammary artery to bypass the obstructed or occluded coronary artery
coronary heart disease (CHD)
also referred to as coronary artery disease (CAD), refers to the narrowing of the coronary arteries sufficient to prevent adequate blood supply to the myocardium.
cyanosis (cyan - dark blue; -osis conditon usually abnormal)
abnormal condition of the skin and mucous membranes caused by oxygen deficiency in the blood. The skin, fingernails, and mucous membranes can appear slightly bluish or grayish.
machin that helps restore a normal heart rhythm by delivering an electric shock; also called a cardioverter.
relaxation phase of the heart cycle during which the heart muscle relaxes and the heart chambers fill with blood
dysrhythmia (dys- difficult, abnormal; rhythm - rhythm; -ia condition)
abnormal, difficult, or bad rhythm
embolism (embol - a throwing in; -ism condition)
condition in which there is an obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign substances or a blood clot
endocardium (endo - within; card/i - heart; -um tissue)
inner lining of the heart
fibrillation (fibrillat - fibrils small fibers; -ion process)
quivering or spontaneous contraction of individual muscle fibers, an abnormal bioelectric potential occuring in neuropathies and myopathies
condition of the heartbeat in which the contractions become extremely rapid.
heart failure (HF)
disorder in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood efficiently
hypertension (HTN) (hyper - excessive, above; tens - pressure; -ion process)
high blood pressure (HBP); a disease of the arteries caused by such pressure.
hypotension (hypo - deficient, below; tens - pressure; -ion process)
low blood pressure
infarction (infarct - infarct necrosis of an area; -ion process)
process of development of a infarct, which is necrosis of tissue resulting from obstruction of blood flow
ischemia (isch - to hold back; -emia blood condition)
condition in which there is a lack of blood supply to a part of the body caused by constriction or obstruction of a blood vessel
soft blowing or rasping sound heard by auscultation of various parts of the body, especially in the region of the heart
myocardial infarction (MI) (my/o - muscle; card/i - heart; -al pertaining to; infarct - infarct necrosis of an area; -ion process)
occurs when an area of heart muscle dies or is permanently damaged because of a inadequate supply f oxygen to that area; also known as a heart attack.
myocarditis (my/o - muscle; card - heart; -itis inflammation)
inflammation of the heart muscle
occlusion (occlus - to shut up; -ion process)
process or state of being closed
oximetry (ox/i - oxygen; -metry measurement)
process of measuring the oxygen saturation of blood.
palpitation (palpitat - throbbing; -ion process)
rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart that is usually perceptible only to the patient
perctaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA)
use of a balloon-tipped catheter to compress fatty plaques against an artery wall.
phlebitis (phleb - vein; -itis inflammation)
inflammation of a vein
phlebotomy (phleb/o - vein; -tomy incision)
incision of a vein with a needle to withdraw blood for analysis
septum (sept - a partition; -um tissue)
wall or partition that divides or separates a body space or cavity
state of disruption of oxygen supply to the tissues and a return of blood to the heart.
sphygmomanometer (sphygm/o - pulse; man/o - thin; -meter insturment to measure)
instrument used to measure the arterial blood pressure
device made of expandable, metal mesh that is placed (by using a balloon catheter) at the site of a narrowing artery.
stethoscope (steth/o - chest; -scope instrument for examining)
instrument used to listen to the sounds of the heart, lungs, and other internal organs
contractive phase of the heart cycle during which blood is forced into the aorta and the pulmonary artery
tachycardia (tachy - fast; card - heart; -ia condition)
abnormally fast heartbeat that is over 100 beats per minute
thrombophlebitis (thromb/o - clot of blood; phleb - vein; -itis inflammation)
inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus (blood clot).
thrombosis (thromb - clot of blood; -osis condition usually abnormal)
condition in which a blood clot is within the vascular system; a stationary blood clot.
triglyceride (tri- three; glyc - sweet, sugar; -er relating to; -ide having a particular quality)
pertaining to a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids
swollen, distended, and knotted veins that usually occur in the lower leg(s).
vasoconstrictive (vas/o - vessel; con- together; strict - to draw, to bind; -ive nature of, quality of)
drawing together, as in the narrowing of a blood vessel
vasodilator (vas/o - vessel; dilat - to widen; -or one who, a doer)
nerve or agent that causes dilation of blood vessels
venipuncture (ven/i - vein; -puncture to pierce)
to pierce a vein with a needle for the removal of blood for analysis
acute myocardial infarction
coronary artery bypass graft
coronary heart disease
congestive heart failure
fetal heart sound
high blood pressure
magnetic resonance imaging
open heart surgery
shortness of breath