Card Set Information
how is HIV transmitted?
blood and blood products
who are the high risk individuals for HIV1?
IV drug users-active or former
recipients of blood transfusions
HIV infected organs
what are the two parts of the life cycle of HIV1
establishment of infection
production of new virus
what is the process of establishment of infection for the life cycle of HIV1?
binding to target/host cell
entry through wall of target/host cell
what is the process of the production of new virus in the life cycle of HIV1?
activation of host cell
budding from host cell
host cell out come
what are the laboratory categories for the classification system for adolescents and adults?
>500 CD4+ lymphocytes/mm3
200-499 CD4+ lymphocytes/mm3
<200 CD4+ lymphocytes/mm3
what are the clinical categories for the classification system for adolescents and adults for HIV1?
what is the incubation period for HIV1?
ranges from the time of infection to when symptoms start, can be more than 15 years
what is acute seroconversion syndrome?
early HIV-no symptoms CD4+ >500
intermediate HIV CD4+ 200-500
late stage HIVE CD4+ 50-200 AIDS
what are the four disease associated with late stages of acute seroconversion syndrome?
what are the oral manifestations for HIV1 (extraoral)?
lymphadeopathy-palpation for enlarged lymph nodes
skin lesions-kaposi's sarcoma, purpura, herpetic lesions
what are the oral manifestations for HIV1 (intraoral)?
viral infections-herpes simplex
bacterial infections-gingival, periodontal
what are the dental assessments for HIV1? how do you treat it?
treat with fluoride
what is xerostomia? how is it treated?
oral manifestation of HIV1
salivary gland disease or medications
treated with fluoride and pt diet
how is HIV1 transmitted in Children?
what are the clinical manifestations of HIV1 in children?
faster incubation-immature immune system and less resistance to infection
latent period-months after birth to years
how is HIV1 diagnosed in children?
what are frequently found conditions of HIV1 in children?
failure to thrive-developmental delay
what are the oral findings of HIV1 in children?
herpetic gingivostomatitis-sore mouth and poor oral intake
linear gingival erythema
what is the treatment and management of HIV1 in children?
counseling-very important to educate the parent and get the child help
what is in the medications for HIV1 for children to mask the taste and what does it cause?
high dental caries
how can HIV1 be prevented?
prevent the modes of transmission
primary prevention-slow rate of new cases
secondary prevention-reduce rate of transmission and introduce treatment early