Week4

The flashcards below were created by user johnbuckthree on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. opposite, palmate, pubescent leaves with entire sinuses (no serrations)
    one edge of bark ridge turns outwards with age
    Image Upload 1Image Upload 2
    • Acer floridanum (of Florida)
    • Aceraceae (Maple); southern sugar maple
    • *Fruit: samara (fall)
    • wood used in furn, floor, baseball bats, bowling alleys/pins
    • songbirds eat fruit
    • landscaping
  2. similar to umbrella tree, but leaves more alternate; no big bud at tip
    Image Upload 3Image Upload 4Image Upload 5
    • Asimina triloba (3-lobed flower)
    • Annonaceae; pawpaw
    • Fruit: berry
    • fruit skin can cause rash in some people
    • fruits eaten by turkey, small mammals, humans
  3. x's and y's on bark, but smoother9 or more leaflets per leaf
    Image Upload 6Image Upload 7Image Upload 8Image Upload 9Image Upload 10
    • Carya cordiformis (heart-shaped)
    • Juglandaceae; bitternut hickory
    • Fruit: nut similar to red hickory
    • wood use same as other hickories (pecan)
    • squirrels eat fruit
  4. Alt, compound
    5 large leaflets per leaf
    very shaggy bark on mature trees
    Image Upload 11Image Upload 12Image Upload 13
    • Carya ovata (egg-shaped)
    • Juglandaceae; shagbark hickory
    • member of true hickory section (not pecan)
    • *Fruit: nut w/ THICK husk
    • squirrels eat nut, sometimes humans
  5. smooth, gray bark w/ warty outgrowths above 8ft
    alt. simple, 3x longer than wide
    asymmetric leaf base
    Image Upload 14 Image Upload 15Image Upload 16Image Upload 17
    • Celtis laevigata (smooth)
    • Ulmaceae (Elm); sugarberry
    • Fruit: drupe
    • wood used for steam-bent furn.
    • songbirds eat fruit
  6. alt. simple, serrated
    skinny thorns!
    Image Upload 18Image Upload 19Image Upload 20
    • Crataegus sp.
    • Rosaceae; hawthorn
    • fruit: pome
    • difficult/unstable genus
    • songbirds eat fruit
  7. smooth, silvery, thin bark
    alt. simple, pinnate, may be pubescent;
    long brown bud
    Image Upload 21Image Upload 22Image Upload 23Image Upload 24
    • Fagus grandifolia (large-leaved)
    • Fagaceae (Beech); beech
    • *Fruit: nut
    • raw nuts toxic to humans
    • squirrels eat fruit
    • porcupines eat inner bark
    • wood used for bowls, cutting boards
    • beech bark disease killing beech trees in NY and PA
  8. small tree, often crooked, smooth gray bark
    abundant short shoots, crenulate
    Image Upload 25Image Upload 26Image Upload 27
    • Ilex decidua (deciduous)
    • Aquifoliaceae; possumhaw
    • fruie: drupe
    • eaten by songbirds - NOT humans
    • dioecious
  9. thin, entire, fragrant leaves
    tiny rounded flower buds at nodes
    Image Upload 28Image Upload 29Image Upload 30
    • Lindera benzoin
    • Lauraceae (Laurel); spicebush
    • fruit: drupe
    • eaten by songbirds
    • dioecious
  10. 6+ lobes per side
    hybrid
    • Quercus x beadlei
    • Fagaceae (beech); hybrid white oak
    • hybrids cannot form between red and white sections
  11. shaggy bark (false-shagbarky)
    coarsely crenate leaf, obovate/elliptical
    cap scales free (not fused), hemispherical cap
    Image Upload 31Image Upload 32Image Upload 33
    • Quercus michauxii (named for french botanist)
    • Fagaceae (beech); swamp chestnut oak
    • *Fruit: nut (hemispherical cap, scales not fused)
    • a white oak
    • wetland restoration tree
  12. scaly flaky bark - no ski trails, no deep furrows/ridges,
    upside down pagoda leaf
    Image Upload 34Image Upload 35Image Upload 36Southern Red Oak (Quercus falcata)
    • Quercus pagoda (like a pagoda)
    • Fagaceae; cherrybark oak, swam red oak
    • *fruit: nut
    • highest lumber value in red oaks
  13. ski trails
    deeply lobed leaves w/ flat base
    lobes get wider away from base, some overlap!
    Image Upload 37Image Upload 38Image Upload 39
    • Quercus shumardii (named for TX geologist)
    • Fagaceae; Shumard oak
    • *Fruit: nut
    • wood and wildlife similar to other red oaks
    • landscape plant
  14. alt., linnear, serrate, glabrous leaves
    Image Upload 40Image Upload 41
    • Salix nigra (black)
    • Salicaceae (Willow); black willow
    • Fruit: capsule
    • lightweight wood
    • formerly used for wooden limbs, black powder
    • salicylic acid (aspirin)
  15. vine w/ sharp prickles
    Image Upload 42Image Upload 43
    • Smilax sp.
    • Smilacaceae; smilax, greenbrier
    • Fruit: berry
    • woody monocot
    • songbirds eat fruit
    • whitetail and humans eat young foliage
    • potato-like rhizomes formerly chopped into flour or jelly
    • tendrils are modified stipules
  16. opposite, trifoliate, turnate?
    Image Upload 44 Image Upload 45Image Upload 46
    • Staphylea trifolia (3-leaved)
    • Staphyleaceae (Bladdernut); bladdernut
    • *Fruit: capsule
  17. opp. simple, serrate, dull leaves with acute-accuminate tips
    Image Upload 47Image Upload 48Image Upload 49
    • Viburnum prunifolium (leaves like Prunus)
    • Adoxaceae; blackhaw
    • Fruit: drupe
    • eaten by songbirds
    • deer browse foliage
    • 2nd largest viburnum
Author:
johnbuckthree
ID:
35996
Card Set:
Week4
Updated:
2010-10-06 19:09:44
Tags:
week
Folders:

Description:
Swift Creek I: Piedmont stream bottom: high productivity, well drained to imperfectly-drained soils with localized wet depressions and long history of shifting agriculture
Show Answers: