Week4

The flashcards below were created by user johnbuckthree on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. opposite, palmate, pubescent leaves with entire sinuses (no serrations)
    one edge of bark ridge turns outwards with age
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    • Acer floridanum (of Florida)
    • Aceraceae (Maple); southern sugar maple
    • *Fruit: samara (fall)
    • wood used in furn, floor, baseball bats, bowling alleys/pins
    • songbirds eat fruit
    • landscaping
  2. similar to umbrella tree, but leaves more alternate; no big bud at tip
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    • Asimina triloba (3-lobed flower)
    • Annonaceae; pawpaw
    • Fruit: berry
    • fruit skin can cause rash in some people
    • fruits eaten by turkey, small mammals, humans
  3. x's and y's on bark, but smoother9 or more leaflets per leaf
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    • Carya cordiformis (heart-shaped)
    • Juglandaceae; bitternut hickory
    • Fruit: nut similar to red hickory
    • wood use same as other hickories (pecan)
    • squirrels eat fruit
  4. Alt, compound
    5 large leaflets per leaf
    very shaggy bark on mature trees
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    • Carya ovata (egg-shaped)
    • Juglandaceae; shagbark hickory
    • member of true hickory section (not pecan)
    • *Fruit: nut w/ THICK husk
    • squirrels eat nut, sometimes humans
  5. smooth, gray bark w/ warty outgrowths above 8ft
    alt. simple, 3x longer than wide
    asymmetric leaf base
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    • Celtis laevigata (smooth)
    • Ulmaceae (Elm); sugarberry
    • Fruit: drupe
    • wood used for steam-bent furn.
    • songbirds eat fruit
  6. alt. simple, serrated
    skinny thorns!
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    • Crataegus sp.
    • Rosaceae; hawthorn
    • fruit: pome
    • difficult/unstable genus
    • songbirds eat fruit
  7. smooth, silvery, thin bark
    alt. simple, pinnate, may be pubescent;
    long brown bud
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    • Fagus grandifolia (large-leaved)
    • Fagaceae (Beech); beech
    • *Fruit: nut
    • raw nuts toxic to humans
    • squirrels eat fruit
    • porcupines eat inner bark
    • wood used for bowls, cutting boards
    • beech bark disease killing beech trees in NY and PA
  8. small tree, often crooked, smooth gray bark
    abundant short shoots, crenulate
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    • Ilex decidua (deciduous)
    • Aquifoliaceae; possumhaw
    • fruie: drupe
    • eaten by songbirds - NOT humans
    • dioecious
  9. thin, entire, fragrant leaves
    tiny rounded flower buds at nodes
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    • Lindera benzoin
    • Lauraceae (Laurel); spicebush
    • fruit: drupe
    • eaten by songbirds
    • dioecious
  10. 6+ lobes per side
    hybrid
    • Quercus x beadlei
    • Fagaceae (beech); hybrid white oak
    • hybrids cannot form between red and white sections
  11. shaggy bark (false-shagbarky)
    coarsely crenate leaf, obovate/elliptical
    cap scales free (not fused), hemispherical cap
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    • Quercus michauxii (named for french botanist)
    • Fagaceae (beech); swamp chestnut oak
    • *Fruit: nut (hemispherical cap, scales not fused)
    • a white oak
    • wetland restoration tree
  12. scaly flaky bark - no ski trails, no deep furrows/ridges,
    upside down pagoda leaf
    Image UploadImage UploadImage UploadSouthern Red Oak (Quercus falcata)
    • Quercus pagoda (like a pagoda)
    • Fagaceae; cherrybark oak, swam red oak
    • *fruit: nut
    • highest lumber value in red oaks
  13. ski trails
    deeply lobed leaves w/ flat base
    lobes get wider away from base, some overlap!
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    • Quercus shumardii (named for TX geologist)
    • Fagaceae; Shumard oak
    • *Fruit: nut
    • wood and wildlife similar to other red oaks
    • landscape plant
  14. alt., linnear, serrate, glabrous leaves
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    • Salix nigra (black)
    • Salicaceae (Willow); black willow
    • Fruit: capsule
    • lightweight wood
    • formerly used for wooden limbs, black powder
    • salicylic acid (aspirin)
  15. vine w/ sharp prickles
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    • Smilax sp.
    • Smilacaceae; smilax, greenbrier
    • Fruit: berry
    • woody monocot
    • songbirds eat fruit
    • whitetail and humans eat young foliage
    • potato-like rhizomes formerly chopped into flour or jelly
    • tendrils are modified stipules
  16. opposite, trifoliate, turnate?
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    • Staphylea trifolia (3-leaved)
    • Staphyleaceae (Bladdernut); bladdernut
    • *Fruit: capsule
  17. opp. simple, serrate, dull leaves with acute-accuminate tips
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    • Viburnum prunifolium (leaves like Prunus)
    • Adoxaceae; blackhaw
    • Fruit: drupe
    • eaten by songbirds
    • deer browse foliage
    • 2nd largest viburnum
Author:
johnbuckthree
ID:
35996
Card Set:
Week4
Updated:
2010-10-06 19:09:44
Tags:
week
Folders:

Description:
Swift Creek I: Piedmont stream bottom: high productivity, well drained to imperfectly-drained soils with localized wet depressions and long history of shifting agriculture
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