A&P Chapter 1:

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A&P Chapter 1:
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2010-09-20 11:42:00
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A&P chapter 1:
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  1. Biology
    Study of life
  2. Anatomy
    (cutting open ) internal and esternal structures and thier physical relationships
  3. Phisiology
    Study of functions
  4. Cystology
    Study of individual cells
  5. Histology
    Study of tissues
  6. Microbiology
    Study of microorganisms
  7. Levels of organization of the human body
    Atom, molecule, cells, tissues, organs, organ systems, and organisms.
  8. Atom
    Smallest stable unit of matter
  9. Molecule
    Combination of atoms
  10. Cells
    Simplest units of life
  11. Tissues
    Groups of cells working together to do similar functions
  12. 4 types of tissues
    • 1. Epithelial
    • 2. Connective tissue
    • 3. Muscle tissue
    • 4. Neural (nervous) tissues
  13. Organs
    2 or more tissues working in combination to perform several functions
  14. Organ systems
    Coordination of organs there are eleven organ systems
  15. Orgamism
    Example human body
  16. Homeostasis
    Balance and stability maintained in the internal enviorment. He human body must maintain a constant state of homeostatsis
  17. Negative feedback
    Effector which eliminates or opposes the stimulus. It is the more common form of regulation to maintain homeostatsis
  18. Positive feedback
    Effectors will increase wih the precence of the stimulus ex blood clotting and blood clotting factors
  19. Anatomical postition
    • 1- standing
    • 2- palms face forward
    • 3- arms down to the side
    • 4- body facing forward
  20. Prone
    Lie face down
  21. Supine
    Lie face up
  22. Anterior
    Front
  23. Posterior
    Back
  24. Medial
    Middle
  25. Lateral
    Side
  26. Proximal
    Near
  27. Distal
    Far
  28. Superficial
    Surface
  29. Deep
    Farther from body surface
  30. Superior
    Top
  31. Inferior
    Bottom
  32. Cervical
    Neck
  33. Plantar
    Sole of foot
  34. Thoracic
    Chest
  35. Dorsal
    Upper back
  36. Lumbar
    Area of back between ribs and hips
  37. Palmar
    Palm
  38. Sacral
    Area overlaying sacrum
  39. Axilla
    Armpit
  40. Pelvic
    Pelvis (griddle)
  41. Brachial (um)
    Upper arm
  42. Antebrachial (um)
    Forearm
  43. Inguinal
    Groin
  44. Caudal
    Tail
  45. Cephalic
    Head
  46. Femoral
    Thight
  47. Gluteal
    Bum bum
  48. Crural
    Shin
  49. Sural
    Calf
  50. Abdomianal
    Body trunk inferior to ribs
  51. Acromial
    The point of the shoulder
  52. Buccal
    Cheek
  53. Carpal
    Wrist
  54. Coxal
    Hip
  55. Digital
    Fingers or toes
  56. Femoral
    Thigh
  57. Frontal
    Forehead
  58. Hallux
    Great toe
  59. Mammary
    Breast
  60. Manus
    Hand
  61. Mental
    Chin
  62. Nasal
    Nose
  63. Oral
    Mouth
  64. Orbital
    Boney eye socket
  65. Patellar
    Kneecap region
  66. Pedal
    Foot
  67. Pelvic
    Pelvis region
  68. Pollex
    Thumb
  69. Pubic
    Genital region
  70. Sternal
    Breast bone
  71. Tarsal
    Ankle
  72. Umbilical
    Navel
  73. Clacaneal
    Heel of the foot
  74. Dorsum
    Back
  75. Occipital
    Back of the head base of scull
  76. Olecranal
    Back of elbow
  77. Otic
    Ear
  78. Perineal
    Region between the anus and the external genetalia
  79. Popliteal
    Back of knee
  80. Sacral
    Region between the hips overlaying the sacrum v above the butt crack
  81. Scapular
    Shoulder blade area
  82. Vertebral
    Area of the spinal column
  83. Body planes
    • Sagittal
    • Midsagittal
    • Frontal
    • Transverse
  84. Sagittal
    Vertical plane cut seperates lesft from right
  85. Midsagittal
    Central vertical plane cut separayes left from right
  86. Frontal
    Vertical plane cut separates front from back
  87. Transverse plane
    Cross section separaye top from bottom (cut is perpendicular to the spine)
  88. Body cavities
    Dorsal which includes cranial which contains the brain and vertebral which contains the spine. Then there is the ventral cavity which contains the toratic and the abdominopelvic cavity
  89. Thoratic cavity
    Has the pleural cavities which hold the lungs and the mediastinum cavitiy houses the large blood vessels of the hear the heart the pericardium the thymus trachea an the esophagus it also has the percardial cavity which holds the heart
  90. Abdominopelvic cavity
    Holds the abdominal cavity which houses the digestive organs and the glands and the pelvic cavity which contains a urinary bladder reproductive organs and the recrum
  91. Membranes
    • Menings
    • Serous- visceral,parietal, and mesenteries
  92. Meninges membrane
    Found in dorsal cavity, dura mater , arachnoid and pia mater
  93. Serous membranes
    Found in ventral cavitie and they secrete fluid
  94. Visceral membranes
    Membrane closest to organs
  95. Parietal membranes
    Membrane further from the organ
  96. Mesenteries serous membrane
    Double layer serous membrane which sandwich blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatics to and from organs. They stabalize and support organs of the abdominal cavity
  97. Retoperitoneal
    Behind the peritoneal linings of the abdominal cavity this is where the kidneys and pancreas are located
  98. Abdominopelvic quadrants
    9 sections that the abdominopelvic cavity is divided into
  99. Abdomino pelvic quadrants from left to right top to bottom
    • Right hypochondriac region
    • Epigastric region
    • Left hypochondriac region
    • Right lumbar region
    • umbilical region
    • Left lumbar regon
    • Right iliac (inguinal) region
    • Hypogastric (pubic) region
    • Leftbiliac (inguinal) region

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