A cell which monitors and maintains the bone matrix.
neighboring lacunae are connected to each other by tiny canals called_________.
Canals that lie perpendicular to the osteon and carry blood vessels into the bone from the periosteum.
Perforating (Volkmann's) canals.
NOTE: Like the central canals, perforating canals are lined by the endosteum.
Where is spongy bone found?
The inside of a bone deep to compact bone.
Spongy bone resembles a sponge and consists of a lattice-work-type structure with tyny bone spicules called__________.
the latticework structure of cancellous bone allows it to house another important tissue called _____ ______.
What are the two types of bone marrow?
Red bone marrow- which produces blood cells
Yellow bone marrow- which is composed primarily of adipose tissue.
If trabeculae is composed of lamallea why does spongy bone lack the hardness of compact bone?
Trabeculae is composed of lamallae but are not organized into osteons like compact bone is.
NOTE: Osseous tissue is a type of connective tissue composed of 2 primary chemical components.
--Consists mostly of protein fibers such ascollagen. Collagen provides a supportive network that gives the bone tensile strength (the ability to withstand stretching and twisting forces).
Consists mostly of calcium in the form of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals. The component provides the bone with compressional strength (the ability to wishstand compressive forces).
NOTE: Both chemical components of bone are required for bone to remain strong and perform its functions.
What is calcium hydroxyapatite crystals?
Longer than they are wide, and include the bones of the upper and lower extremities excluding the ankle and wrist bones.
ABOUT as long as they are wide. The bones of the wrist and the ankle.
are shaped exactly as they're named--- FLAT
Flat bones include the ribs, sternum, clavicle, certain skull bones, and the bones of the pelvis.
those whose shape doesn't fit into any of the other classes.
Irregular Bones- include the vertebrae and certain bones of the skull.
The shaft of the long bone
a thick collar of compact bone surrounding a hollow area on the diaphysis. This collar of compact bone makes long bones strong and able to support the bondy's weight. Has sparse trabeculae and is filled with yellow bone marrow in the living bone.
The ends of a long bone are called ________ which have a shell of compact bone surrounding the inner spongy bone.
What does the spongy bone within the epiphysis contain?
Red or Yellow bone marrow
What's at the end of each epiphysis that allows 2 bones to articulate during movement with minimal friction?
hyaline cartilage (sometimes called articular cartilage)
At certain epiphysis-diaphysis junctions there is a thin, clacified line what is it called?
the epiphyseal line is the remnant (results) of the _________ _________. It is a band of hyaline cartilage from which long bones grow in length.