Social Psychology ch 1

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Social Psychology ch 1
2010-09-27 17:50:33
social psych

Test 1
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  1. 1. manipulation of independent variable (IV)
    2. random assignment which creates probabilistically equivalent groups
    3. control in comparison group
    3 necessary conditions for a "true experiment"
  2. correlation coefficient
    summarizes the strength (closeness to 1) and direction of two variables.
  3. 1. quick, easy, and efficient
    2. sometimes not practical/ethical to manipulate
    3. allow us to examine real life relationships between variables or on going events.
    Advantages of correlation method
  4. 1. happy
    2. sad
    3. anger
    4. fear
    5. surprise
    6. disgust
    • Temporary Causes, Nonverbal 1. face
    • 6 universal facial expressions
  5. (eye contact reduces psychological distance) lack of eye contact, unfriendly and uncomfortable
    # 2 eyes
  6. reduces phycological distance, positive and negative
    strategically =>power + dominance
    people of high status are twice as highly to touch people of lower status
    (e.g. teacher putting their hand on students back)
    #3 touching
  7. 1. adaptors "self touching"
    2. eye contact-change in normal
    3. voice pitch up
    4. micro-expressions (for a split second before smiling they frown)
    5. sentence repairs (went to a movie...went to a movie ....with joe)
    6. inconsistency across multiple channels
    #4 Detection of lying
  8. Stable Causes
    • attributes - inferences we make about peoples behavior, the answer to the question why?
    • we can make inferences about our own behavior.
  9. Fritz Heider
    father of attribution theory
  10. 1. Freely chosen behaviors
    2. low in social desireability
    3. behaviors that produce non-common or unique events
    Correspondent Inference Theory Diagnosticy
  11. (implicit)
    happens outside of conscious awareness
    Automatic Processing
  12. (explicit)
    consciously aware
    controlled processing
  13. cognitive
    deal with the way we process info "cold" (e.g. attention)
  14. motivational
    • phycological needs motivess
    • self esteem
    • control
    • belongingness "hot"
  15. Discounting
    • occurs with multiple causes for an outcome
    • (e.g. reasons for getting an "A" studying, intelligence, luck)
  16. The fundamental attribution error
    is the tendency for perceivers to make dispositional attributions about the causes of another, behavior in the face of strong situaltional restraints.
  17. categorization
    inferential correction
    Gilber pelham and krull
  18. anchor-the behavior serves as an anchor
    ajust-we process a little info about situation but does not ajust significantly
  19. 1. cognitive capacity
    2. motivation
    in order to not make the bias
  20. schema
    network of knowledge