Card Set Information
what is HIV 1?
pandemic disease caused by infection of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1)
it is slow, progressive, and often lethal
where is HIV-2 isolated?
west africa and europe and north america
how is HIV-1 transmitted?
blood and blood borne products
who are high risk individuals for HIV-1?
IV drug users
recipients of blood transfusions
HIV infected organs
what is the core genetic material in HIV 1?
what does HIV 1 bind to in a target cell once it has entered the host?
CD4 + of
certain neurons and glial cells
at what point in the life cycle of HIV 1 is the infection established?
once the viral DNA enters the hosts nucleous
what is category 1 of HIV-1?
greater than or equal to 500 count of cd4 + lymphocytes/mm3
what is category 2 of HIV-1?
200-499 count of cd4 + lymphocytes/mm3
what is category 3 for HIV-1?
less than 200 count of cd4 +lymphocytes/mm3
what is category A in HIV-1?
what is category B in HIV-1?
what is catgory C in HIV 1?
AIDS indicator conditions
AIDS indicator conditions
herpes simplex; chronic ulcers
what is the incubation period for HIV-1?
ranges from time of infection to more than 15 years
what is the acute seroconversion syndrome of HIV?
the initial infection
what are the usual symptoms of the initial infection of HIV 1 after exposure?
what are the 3 stages of the HIV disease?
early HIV-1 stage
intermediate HIV 1 stage
late stage disease; AIDS
what are the symptoms of early stage HIV?
oral lesions are more common in later stages
herpes simplex labialis
what are the symptoms for intermediate stage of HIV-1?
skin and oral lesions
recurrent herpes simplex, varicella zoster, fever, weight loss
what are symptoms of late stage disease of HIV-1 AIDS?
opportunistic infections more often and severe
wasting syndrome; long-term fever, sever weight loss, anemia, chronic diarrhea, and chronic weakness
encephalopathy; dysfunction with sypmtoms of apathy, inability to concentrate, poor memory, and depression
neoplasms; kaposi's sarcoma, primary B cell lymphoma of brain, non hodgkins lymphoma
what are the extraoral manifestations of HIV-1?
what are the intraoral manifestations of HIV-1?
: herpes simplex
: gingival, periodontal
how is HIV 1 transmitted in children?
what are the clinical manifestations of HIV-1 in children?
faster incubation and latent period-months to several years after birth
diagnosis- based on blood screenings
systemic findings-disorders to nearly every body organ system
more frequent bacterial infections
frequently found conditions
failure to thrive, slow development
what are some oral findings that indicate HIV-1 in children?
linear gingival erythema